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Title: Summertime Aerosol across the North Slope of Alaska Field Campaign Report

Abstract

The Summertime Aerosol across the North Slope of Alaska U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Climate Research Facility field campaign, a collaborative effort between the University of Michigan and Baylor University, was focused on chemically characterizing sources of summertime aerosol impacting the Utqiagvik (Barrow, NSA) and the Oliktok Point (AMF3) ARM sites. This campaign was co-funded by a grant from the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA, PI: Kerri Pratt, Co-I: Rebecca Sheesley) titled “Assessment of Atmospheric Aerosols Resulting from Oil and Gas Extraction Activities near the North Slope of Alaska”. The ARM field campaign took place on the North Slope of Alaska (NSA) from August 21 to September 30, 2015 and August 12 to September 20, 2016, with filter sampling occurring both years at both the NSA Barrow and AMF3 Oliktok Point sites. Online intensive measurements occurred at Barrow in 2015 and at Oliktok Point in 2016, coordinated with the arrival of the ARM Aerosol Observing System (AOS) in August 2016 at Oliktok Point. During 2015, the University of Michigan deployed the newly constructed aerosol time-of-flight mass spectrometer (ATOFMS), as well as a microanalysis particle sampler (MPS) to collect particles for offline analysis by computer-controlled scanningmore » electron microscopy with energy-dispersive x-ray spectroscopy (CCSEM-EDX). Unfortunately, an issue with the time-of-flight mass spectrometer on the ATOFMS limited the number of particles that produced mass spectra during the 2015 study. This issue was subsequently fixed for the 2016 deployment. During 2016, the ATOFMS was deployed to the AMF3 at the Oliktok Point field site, in addition to a micro-orifice uniform deposition impactor (MOUDI) to collect particles for offline analysis by CCSEM-EDX. Notably, these measurements, to our knowledge, represent the first real-time, single-particle chemical characterization (aerosol mixing state) measurements at Utqiagvik and Oliktok Point. Online aerosol measurements also included: PM2.5 (particulate matter <2.5 μm) black carbon mass concentrations (aethalometer; Baylor) and size-resolved (0.013-20 μm) number concentrations (scanning mobility particle sizer, SMPS, and aerodynamic particle sizer, APS; Michigan). Baylor conducted filter sampling at both the Utqiagvik and Oliktok Point locations during both intensive operational periods (IOPs). Baylor deployed a total suspended particulate matter (TSP) sampler to Oliktok Point, and continuous one-week samples were collected in 2015 for a total of seven samples; during 2016, continuous 3-7 day samples were collected, for a total of 13 filters. Baylor deployed a TSP sampler and a PM1.0 sampler at Utqiagvik, Alaska; continuous 4-7 day filter samples were collected in 2015 for a total of eight samples. To supplement this campaign, PI Sheesley had a simultaneous DOE ARM field campaign at Utqiagvik and Oliktok Point (https://www.arm.gov/research/ campaigns/amf2016bbc), the goal of which was to collected continuous one-week TSP samples at both sites from June 2016 to September 2017. These results provide better context in terms of annual trends and for year-to-year variability and a final report with data was already submitted by PI Sheesley for that project. Analysis by Baylor focuses on TSP samples because of the extremely low PM loading on the PM1.0 sampler. Michigan deployed a three-stage impactor (0.07-5 μm PM collection) at Utqiagvik and a 10-stage impactor (0.056-10 μm PM collection) at Oliktok Point, during the 2015 and 2016 campaigns, respectively.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [1];  [2];  [2];  [1]
  1. University of Michigan
  2. Baylor Univ., Waco, TX (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
DOE Office of Science Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Program (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Biological and Environmental Research (BER) (SC-23)
Contributing Org.:
University of Michigan, Baylor University
OSTI Identifier:
1432484
Report Number(s):
DOE/SC-ARM-18-012
DOE Contract Number:  
DE-ACO5-7601830
Resource Type:
Program Document
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
Arctic processes, North Slope of Alaska, Barrow, Oliktok Point, aerosol, sea spray, aerosol time-of-flight mass spectrometer, black carbon, AMF3, ion chromatography

Citation Formats

Pratt, Kerri, Sheesley, Rebecca, Gunsch, Matthew, Barrett, Tate, Moffett, Claire, and Kirpes, Rachel. Summertime Aerosol across the North Slope of Alaska Field Campaign Report. United States: N. p., 2018. Web.
Pratt, Kerri, Sheesley, Rebecca, Gunsch, Matthew, Barrett, Tate, Moffett, Claire, & Kirpes, Rachel. Summertime Aerosol across the North Slope of Alaska Field Campaign Report. United States.
Pratt, Kerri, Sheesley, Rebecca, Gunsch, Matthew, Barrett, Tate, Moffett, Claire, and Kirpes, Rachel. Fri . "Summertime Aerosol across the North Slope of Alaska Field Campaign Report". United States. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1432484.
@article{osti_1432484,
title = {Summertime Aerosol across the North Slope of Alaska Field Campaign Report},
author = {Pratt, Kerri and Sheesley, Rebecca and Gunsch, Matthew and Barrett, Tate and Moffett, Claire and Kirpes, Rachel},
abstractNote = {The Summertime Aerosol across the North Slope of Alaska U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Climate Research Facility field campaign, a collaborative effort between the University of Michigan and Baylor University, was focused on chemically characterizing sources of summertime aerosol impacting the Utqiagvik (Barrow, NSA) and the Oliktok Point (AMF3) ARM sites. This campaign was co-funded by a grant from the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA, PI: Kerri Pratt, Co-I: Rebecca Sheesley) titled “Assessment of Atmospheric Aerosols Resulting from Oil and Gas Extraction Activities near the North Slope of Alaska”. The ARM field campaign took place on the North Slope of Alaska (NSA) from August 21 to September 30, 2015 and August 12 to September 20, 2016, with filter sampling occurring both years at both the NSA Barrow and AMF3 Oliktok Point sites. Online intensive measurements occurred at Barrow in 2015 and at Oliktok Point in 2016, coordinated with the arrival of the ARM Aerosol Observing System (AOS) in August 2016 at Oliktok Point. During 2015, the University of Michigan deployed the newly constructed aerosol time-of-flight mass spectrometer (ATOFMS), as well as a microanalysis particle sampler (MPS) to collect particles for offline analysis by computer-controlled scanning electron microscopy with energy-dispersive x-ray spectroscopy (CCSEM-EDX). Unfortunately, an issue with the time-of-flight mass spectrometer on the ATOFMS limited the number of particles that produced mass spectra during the 2015 study. This issue was subsequently fixed for the 2016 deployment. During 2016, the ATOFMS was deployed to the AMF3 at the Oliktok Point field site, in addition to a micro-orifice uniform deposition impactor (MOUDI) to collect particles for offline analysis by CCSEM-EDX. Notably, these measurements, to our knowledge, represent the first real-time, single-particle chemical characterization (aerosol mixing state) measurements at Utqiagvik and Oliktok Point. Online aerosol measurements also included: PM2.5 (particulate matter <2.5 μm) black carbon mass concentrations (aethalometer; Baylor) and size-resolved (0.013-20 μm) number concentrations (scanning mobility particle sizer, SMPS, and aerodynamic particle sizer, APS; Michigan). Baylor conducted filter sampling at both the Utqiagvik and Oliktok Point locations during both intensive operational periods (IOPs). Baylor deployed a total suspended particulate matter (TSP) sampler to Oliktok Point, and continuous one-week samples were collected in 2015 for a total of seven samples; during 2016, continuous 3-7 day samples were collected, for a total of 13 filters. Baylor deployed a TSP sampler and a PM1.0 sampler at Utqiagvik, Alaska; continuous 4-7 day filter samples were collected in 2015 for a total of eight samples. To supplement this campaign, PI Sheesley had a simultaneous DOE ARM field campaign at Utqiagvik and Oliktok Point (https://www.arm.gov/research/ campaigns/amf2016bbc), the goal of which was to collected continuous one-week TSP samples at both sites from June 2016 to September 2017. These results provide better context in terms of annual trends and for year-to-year variability and a final report with data was already submitted by PI Sheesley for that project. Analysis by Baylor focuses on TSP samples because of the extremely low PM loading on the PM1.0 sampler. Michigan deployed a three-stage impactor (0.07-5 μm PM collection) at Utqiagvik and a 10-stage impactor (0.056-10 μm PM collection) at Oliktok Point, during the 2015 and 2016 campaigns, respectively.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {3}
}

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