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Title: Nano-micro-structured Graphene Film Electrodes for Enhanced Performance of Supercapacitors

Abstract

The graphene structures at either nanoscale and microscale are important to the film electrode performance. At nanoscale, a molecular engineering approach (i.e., molecular ligand grafting) was used to control the interspacing between restacked graphene sheets. At microscale, this work applied an external field to align the graphene sheets along the field direction during the film deposition from liquid slurry of molecularly engineered graphene. Five different ligand molecules were effectively grafted on the surfaces of well-dispersed graphene oxides (GOs) in liquid suspension and chemically reduced to GOs (rGOs), which then were modified by grafted molecules to form (m-rGOs). XRD data shows well controlled nanometer sized interlayer spacings between the re-stacked sheets of m-rGOs. Then, we investigated the effects of ligand grafting on the deposit film structure. Their baseline electrochemical cell performance was evaluated by different aqueous electrolytes (e.g., H2SO4 vs. KOH) for the following external field alignment. Initially, the m-rGO film electrodes exhibited higher capacitance performance with H2SO4 electrolyte, compared with KOH. Also, the external field has rendered the graphene sheets oriented velrtically to the film surface, resulting in enhanced capacitance due to enhanced diffusion and accessibility of electrolyte ions into the graphene film structure. Aligning graphene nanosheets in film depositsmore » via external field could be a novel versatile fabrication technique to tailor microscopic architecture of graphene coatings for high performance supercapacitor.« less

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1];  [2];  [2];  [2];  [3];  [3];  [2]
  1. ORNL
  2. Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta
  3. nGimat Co.
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1430626
DOE Contract Number:  
AC05-00OR22725
Resource Type:
Conference
Resource Relation:
Conference: 2016 TechConnect World Innovation Conference - Washingtion DC, Washington, United States of America - 5/23/2016 12:00:00 AM-5/25/2016 12:00:00 AM
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English

Citation Formats

Jang, Gyoung Gug, Hu, Michael Z., Keum, Jong K., Hensley, Dale K., Wong, Ching-ping, Song, Bo, Li, Liyi, Jiang, Yongdong, Hunt, Andrew, and Moon, Kyoung-sik. Nano-micro-structured Graphene Film Electrodes for Enhanced Performance of Supercapacitors. United States: N. p., 2016. Web.
Jang, Gyoung Gug, Hu, Michael Z., Keum, Jong K., Hensley, Dale K., Wong, Ching-ping, Song, Bo, Li, Liyi, Jiang, Yongdong, Hunt, Andrew, & Moon, Kyoung-sik. Nano-micro-structured Graphene Film Electrodes for Enhanced Performance of Supercapacitors. United States.
Jang, Gyoung Gug, Hu, Michael Z., Keum, Jong K., Hensley, Dale K., Wong, Ching-ping, Song, Bo, Li, Liyi, Jiang, Yongdong, Hunt, Andrew, and Moon, Kyoung-sik. Sun . "Nano-micro-structured Graphene Film Electrodes for Enhanced Performance of Supercapacitors". United States. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1430626.
@article{osti_1430626,
title = {Nano-micro-structured Graphene Film Electrodes for Enhanced Performance of Supercapacitors},
author = {Jang, Gyoung Gug and Hu, Michael Z. and Keum, Jong K. and Hensley, Dale K. and Wong, Ching-ping and Song, Bo and Li, Liyi and Jiang, Yongdong and Hunt, Andrew and Moon, Kyoung-sik},
abstractNote = {The graphene structures at either nanoscale and microscale are important to the film electrode performance. At nanoscale, a molecular engineering approach (i.e., molecular ligand grafting) was used to control the interspacing between restacked graphene sheets. At microscale, this work applied an external field to align the graphene sheets along the field direction during the film deposition from liquid slurry of molecularly engineered graphene. Five different ligand molecules were effectively grafted on the surfaces of well-dispersed graphene oxides (GOs) in liquid suspension and chemically reduced to GOs (rGOs), which then were modified by grafted molecules to form (m-rGOs). XRD data shows well controlled nanometer sized interlayer spacings between the re-stacked sheets of m-rGOs. Then, we investigated the effects of ligand grafting on the deposit film structure. Their baseline electrochemical cell performance was evaluated by different aqueous electrolytes (e.g., H2SO4 vs. KOH) for the following external field alignment. Initially, the m-rGO film electrodes exhibited higher capacitance performance with H2SO4 electrolyte, compared with KOH. Also, the external field has rendered the graphene sheets oriented velrtically to the film surface, resulting in enhanced capacitance due to enhanced diffusion and accessibility of electrolyte ions into the graphene film structure. Aligning graphene nanosheets in film deposits via external field could be a novel versatile fabrication technique to tailor microscopic architecture of graphene coatings for high performance supercapacitor.},
doi = {},
url = {https://www.osti.gov/biblio/1430626}, journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2016},
month = {5}
}

Conference:
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