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Title: Shear banding leads to accelerated aging dynamics in a metallic glass

Abstract

Traditionally, strain localization in metallic glasses is related to the thickness of the shear defect, which is confined to the nanometer scale. In this study, using site-specific x-ray photon correlation spectroscopy (XPCS), we reveal significantly accelerated relaxation dynamics around a shear band in a metallic glass at a length scale that is orders of magnitude larger than the defect itself. The relaxation time in the shear-band vicinity is up to ten-times smaller compared to the as-cast matrix, and the relaxation dynamics occurs in a characteristic three-stage aging response that manifests itself in the temperature-dependent shape parameter known from classical stretched exponential relaxation dynamics of disordered materials. We demonstrate that the time-dependent correlation functions describing the aging at different temperatures can be captured and collapsed using simple scaling functions. Finally, these insights highlight how an ubiquitous nano-scale strain-localization mechanism in metallic glasses leads to a fundamental change of the relaxation dynamics at the mesoscale.

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [2];  [1];  [1]
  1. Univ. of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign, IL (United States). Department of Materials Science and Engineering and Frederick-Seitz Materials Research Laboratory
  2. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Lemont, IL (United States). Advanced Photon Source (APS)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
OSTI Identifier:
1422552
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1416629
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-06CH11357
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physical Review B
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 97; Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 2469-9950
Publisher:
American Physical Society (APS)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY; 36 MATERIALS SCIENCE

Citation Formats

Küchemann, Stefan, Liu, Chaoyang, Dufresne, Eric M., Shin, Jeremy, and Maaß, Robert. Shear banding leads to accelerated aging dynamics in a metallic glass. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.97.014204.
Küchemann, Stefan, Liu, Chaoyang, Dufresne, Eric M., Shin, Jeremy, & Maaß, Robert. Shear banding leads to accelerated aging dynamics in a metallic glass. United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.97.014204.
Küchemann, Stefan, Liu, Chaoyang, Dufresne, Eric M., Shin, Jeremy, and Maaß, Robert. Thu . "Shear banding leads to accelerated aging dynamics in a metallic glass". United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.97.014204. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1422552.
@article{osti_1422552,
title = {Shear banding leads to accelerated aging dynamics in a metallic glass},
author = {Küchemann, Stefan and Liu, Chaoyang and Dufresne, Eric M. and Shin, Jeremy and Maaß, Robert},
abstractNote = {Traditionally, strain localization in metallic glasses is related to the thickness of the shear defect, which is confined to the nanometer scale. In this study, using site-specific x-ray photon correlation spectroscopy (XPCS), we reveal significantly accelerated relaxation dynamics around a shear band in a metallic glass at a length scale that is orders of magnitude larger than the defect itself. The relaxation time in the shear-band vicinity is up to ten-times smaller compared to the as-cast matrix, and the relaxation dynamics occurs in a characteristic three-stage aging response that manifests itself in the temperature-dependent shape parameter known from classical stretched exponential relaxation dynamics of disordered materials. We demonstrate that the time-dependent correlation functions describing the aging at different temperatures can be captured and collapsed using simple scaling functions. Finally, these insights highlight how an ubiquitous nano-scale strain-localization mechanism in metallic glasses leads to a fundamental change of the relaxation dynamics at the mesoscale.},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevB.97.014204},
journal = {Physical Review B},
issn = {2469-9950},
number = 1,
volume = 97,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {1}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
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Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 8 works
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Figures / Tables:

Fig. 1 Fig. 1: (a) Schematic representation of the scattering setup. (b) Optical micrograph magnification of the cavity, including the x-ray probe location in red. (c) Intensity map of the first peak of the structure factor along the shear band. The light blue region highlights the shear band path. The inset inmore » (c) represents a zoom-in of the region around the cavity with the probe location marked in red.« less

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    Figures/Tables have been extracted from DOE-funded journal article accepted manuscripts.