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Title: Optimized anion exchange column isolation of zirconium-89 ( 89Zr) from yttrium cyclotron target: Method development and implementation on an automated fluidic platform

Abstract

Zirconium-89 ( 89Zr), produced by the (p, n) reaction from naturally monoisotopic yttrium ( natY), is a promising positron emitting isotope for immunoPET imaging. Its long half-life of 78.4 h is sufficient for evaluating slow physiological processes. A prototype automated fluidic system, coupled to on-line and in-line detectors, has been constructed to facilitate development of new 89Zr purification methodologies. The highly reproducible reagent delivery platform and near-real time monitoring of column effluents allows for efficient method optimization. The separation of Zr from dissolved Y metal targets was evaluated using several anion exchange resins. Each resin was evaluated against its ability to quantitatively capture Zr from a load solution high in dissolved Y. The most appropriate anion exchange resin for this application was identified, and the separation method was optimized. The method is capable of a high Y decontamination factor (>10 5) and has been shown to remove Fe, an abundant contaminant in Y foils, from the 89Zr elution fraction. Finally, the method was evaluated using cyclotron bombarded Y foil targets; the method was shown to achieve >95% recovery of the 89Zr present in the foils. The anion exchange column method described here is intended to be the first 89Zr isolationmore » stage in a dual-column purification process.« less

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1];  [1];  [1];  [1]
  1. Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States). Nuclear Sciences Division
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Nuclear Physics (NP) (SC-26); National Institutes of Health (NIH)
OSTI Identifier:
1422509
Report Number(s):
PNNL-SA-116062
Journal ID: ISSN 0021-9673; PII: S0021967318302371
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC05-76RL01830
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Chromatography
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 1545; Journal ID: ISSN 0021-9673
Publisher:
Elsevier
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
62 RADIOLOGY AND NUCLEAR MEDICINE; 60 APPLIED LIFE SCIENCES; Zirconium-89; ImmunoPET; medical isotope; automation; anion exchange; fluoride complexation

Citation Formats

O’Hara, Matthew J., Murray, Nathaniel J., Carter, Jennifer C., and Morrison, Samuel S. Optimized anion exchange column isolation of zirconium-89 (89Zr) from yttrium cyclotron target: Method development and implementation on an automated fluidic platform. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1016/j.chroma.2018.02.053.
O’Hara, Matthew J., Murray, Nathaniel J., Carter, Jennifer C., & Morrison, Samuel S. Optimized anion exchange column isolation of zirconium-89 (89Zr) from yttrium cyclotron target: Method development and implementation on an automated fluidic platform. United States. doi:10.1016/j.chroma.2018.02.053.
O’Hara, Matthew J., Murray, Nathaniel J., Carter, Jennifer C., and Morrison, Samuel S. Sat . "Optimized anion exchange column isolation of zirconium-89 (89Zr) from yttrium cyclotron target: Method development and implementation on an automated fluidic platform". United States. doi:10.1016/j.chroma.2018.02.053. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1422509.
@article{osti_1422509,
title = {Optimized anion exchange column isolation of zirconium-89 (89Zr) from yttrium cyclotron target: Method development and implementation on an automated fluidic platform},
author = {O’Hara, Matthew J. and Murray, Nathaniel J. and Carter, Jennifer C. and Morrison, Samuel S.},
abstractNote = {Zirconium-89 (89Zr), produced by the (p, n) reaction from naturally monoisotopic yttrium (natY), is a promising positron emitting isotope for immunoPET imaging. Its long half-life of 78.4 h is sufficient for evaluating slow physiological processes. A prototype automated fluidic system, coupled to on-line and in-line detectors, has been constructed to facilitate development of new 89Zr purification methodologies. The highly reproducible reagent delivery platform and near-real time monitoring of column effluents allows for efficient method optimization. The separation of Zr from dissolved Y metal targets was evaluated using several anion exchange resins. Each resin was evaluated against its ability to quantitatively capture Zr from a load solution high in dissolved Y. The most appropriate anion exchange resin for this application was identified, and the separation method was optimized. The method is capable of a high Y decontamination factor (>105) and has been shown to remove Fe, an abundant contaminant in Y foils, from the 89Zr elution fraction. Finally, the method was evaluated using cyclotron bombarded Y foil targets; the method was shown to achieve >95% recovery of the 89Zr present in the foils. The anion exchange column method described here is intended to be the first 89Zr isolation stage in a dual-column purification process.},
doi = {10.1016/j.chroma.2018.02.053},
journal = {Journal of Chromatography},
issn = {0021-9673},
number = ,
volume = 1545,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {2}
}

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