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Title: Waste-to-Energy biofuel production potential for selected feedstocks in the conterminous United States

Abstract

Here, waste-to-Energy (WtE) technologies offer the promise of diverting organic wastes, including wastewater sludge, livestock waste, and food waste, for beneficial energy use while reducing the quantities of waste that are disposed or released to the environment. To ensure economic and environmental viability of WtE feedstocks, it is critical to gain an understanding of the spatial and temporal variability of waste production. Detailed information about waste characteristics, capture/diversion, transport requirements, available conversion technologies, and overall energy conversion efficiency is also required. Building on the development of a comprehensive WtE feedstock database that includes municipal wastewater sludge; animal manure; food processing waste; and fats, oils, and grease for the conterminous United States, we conducted a detailed analysis of the wastes' potential for biofuel production on a site-specific basis. Our analysis indicates that with conversion by hydrothermal liquefaction, these wastes have the potential to produce up to 22.3 GL/y (5.9 Bgal/y) of a biocrude oil intermediate that can be upgraded and refined into a variety of liquid fuels, in particular renewable diesel and aviation kerosene. Conversion to aviation kerosene can potentially meet 23.9% of current U.S. demand.

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [2];  [3]
  1. Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States). Earth Systems Science Division, Hydrology Technical Group
  2. Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States). Earth Systems Science Division, Risk and Decision Sciences Technical Group
  3. National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States). Strategic Energy Analysis Center, Technology Systems & Impacts Analysis Group
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States); Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Bioenergy Technologies Office (EE-3B)
OSTI Identifier:
1407462
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1430420
Report Number(s):
NREL/JA-6A20-68470; PNNL-SA-125982
Journal ID: ISSN 1364-0321
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC36-08GO28308; AC05-76RL01830
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 82; Journal Issue: P3; Journal ID: ISSN 1364-0321
Publisher:
Elsevier
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
09 BIOMASS FUELS; waste-to-energy; WtE; beneficial use; waste resources; hydrothermal liquefaction; HTL; wastewater sludge; manure; food waste; fats, oils, and grease; FOG; biocrude; jet fuel; aviation kerosene; bioenergy; fats; oils; and grease; bio-crude

Citation Formats

Skaggs, Richard L., Coleman, Andre M., Seiple, Timothy E., and Milbrandt, Anelia R.. Waste-to-Energy biofuel production potential for selected feedstocks in the conterminous United States. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1016/j.rser.2017.09.107.
Skaggs, Richard L., Coleman, Andre M., Seiple, Timothy E., & Milbrandt, Anelia R.. Waste-to-Energy biofuel production potential for selected feedstocks in the conterminous United States. United States. doi:10.1016/j.rser.2017.09.107.
Skaggs, Richard L., Coleman, Andre M., Seiple, Timothy E., and Milbrandt, Anelia R.. Wed . "Waste-to-Energy biofuel production potential for selected feedstocks in the conterminous United States". United States. doi:10.1016/j.rser.2017.09.107. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1407462.
@article{osti_1407462,
title = {Waste-to-Energy biofuel production potential for selected feedstocks in the conterminous United States},
author = {Skaggs, Richard L. and Coleman, Andre M. and Seiple, Timothy E. and Milbrandt, Anelia R.},
abstractNote = {Here, waste-to-Energy (WtE) technologies offer the promise of diverting organic wastes, including wastewater sludge, livestock waste, and food waste, for beneficial energy use while reducing the quantities of waste that are disposed or released to the environment. To ensure economic and environmental viability of WtE feedstocks, it is critical to gain an understanding of the spatial and temporal variability of waste production. Detailed information about waste characteristics, capture/diversion, transport requirements, available conversion technologies, and overall energy conversion efficiency is also required. Building on the development of a comprehensive WtE feedstock database that includes municipal wastewater sludge; animal manure; food processing waste; and fats, oils, and grease for the conterminous United States, we conducted a detailed analysis of the wastes' potential for biofuel production on a site-specific basis. Our analysis indicates that with conversion by hydrothermal liquefaction, these wastes have the potential to produce up to 22.3 GL/y (5.9 Bgal/y) of a biocrude oil intermediate that can be upgraded and refined into a variety of liquid fuels, in particular renewable diesel and aviation kerosene. Conversion to aviation kerosene can potentially meet 23.9% of current U.S. demand.},
doi = {10.1016/j.rser.2017.09.107},
journal = {Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews},
number = P3,
volume = 82,
place = {United States},
year = {Wed Oct 18 00:00:00 EDT 2017},
month = {Wed Oct 18 00:00:00 EDT 2017}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
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