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Title: Development and Modeling of a Novel Self-Assembly Process for Polymer and Polymeric Composite Nanoparticles

Abstract

Extensive computational simulations and experiments have been used to investigate the structure, dynamics and resulting photophysical properties of a number para-phenylenevinylene (PPV) based polymers and oligomers. These studies have shown how the morphology and structure are controlled to a large extent by the nature of the solute-solvent interactions in the initial solution phase preparation. A good solvent such as dichloromethane generates non-compact structures with more of a defect-extended chain like morphology while a bad solvent such as toluene leads to compact organized and folded structures with rod-like morphologies. Secondary structural organization is induced by using the solution phase structures to generate solvent-free single molecule nanoparticles. These nanoparticles are very compact and rod shaped, consisting of near-cofacial ordering of the conjugated PPV chain backbones between folds located at tetrahedral defects (sp3 C-C bonds). The resulting photophysical properties exhibit a significant enhancement in the photoluminescence quantum yield, lifetime, and stability. In addition, the single molecule nanoparticles have Gaussian-like emission spectra with discrete center frequencies that are correlated to a conjugation length, allowing the design of nanoparticles which luminesces at a particular frequency. We followed a similar approach and applied a comparable methodology in our recent work on polythiophenes in order to studymore » the effect of polymer architecture on nanoscale assembly. Unlike linear chains of comparable size, we observed aggregation of the bottlebrush architecture of poly(norbornene)-g-poly(3-hexylthiophene) (PNB-g-P3HT) after the freeze-drying and dissolution processes. The behavior can be attributed to a significant enhancement in the number of π-π interactions between grafted P3HT side chains.« less

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1];  [1];  [2];  [3];  [4];  [5]
  1. ORNL
  2. University of Massachusetts, Amherst
  3. Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL)
  4. Stony Brook University (SUNY)
  5. Retired
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
OSTI Identifier:
1399439
DOE Contract Number:
AC05-00OR22725
Resource Type:
Book
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English

Citation Formats

Sumpter, Bobby G., Carrillo, Jan-Michael Y., Ahn, Suk-Kyun, Barnes, Mike D., Shelton, William A., Harrison, Robert J., and W. Noid, Donald. Development and Modeling of a Novel Self-Assembly Process for Polymer and Polymeric Composite Nanoparticles. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1201/9781315374581-9.
Sumpter, Bobby G., Carrillo, Jan-Michael Y., Ahn, Suk-Kyun, Barnes, Mike D., Shelton, William A., Harrison, Robert J., & W. Noid, Donald. Development and Modeling of a Novel Self-Assembly Process for Polymer and Polymeric Composite Nanoparticles. United States. doi:10.1201/9781315374581-9.
Sumpter, Bobby G., Carrillo, Jan-Michael Y., Ahn, Suk-Kyun, Barnes, Mike D., Shelton, William A., Harrison, Robert J., and W. Noid, Donald. Sun . "Development and Modeling of a Novel Self-Assembly Process for Polymer and Polymeric Composite Nanoparticles". United States. doi:10.1201/9781315374581-9.
@article{osti_1399439,
title = {Development and Modeling of a Novel Self-Assembly Process for Polymer and Polymeric Composite Nanoparticles},
author = {Sumpter, Bobby G. and Carrillo, Jan-Michael Y. and Ahn, Suk-Kyun and Barnes, Mike D. and Shelton, William A. and Harrison, Robert J. and W. Noid, Donald},
abstractNote = {Extensive computational simulations and experiments have been used to investigate the structure, dynamics and resulting photophysical properties of a number para-phenylenevinylene (PPV) based polymers and oligomers. These studies have shown how the morphology and structure are controlled to a large extent by the nature of the solute-solvent interactions in the initial solution phase preparation. A good solvent such as dichloromethane generates non-compact structures with more of a defect-extended chain like morphology while a bad solvent such as toluene leads to compact organized and folded structures with rod-like morphologies. Secondary structural organization is induced by using the solution phase structures to generate solvent-free single molecule nanoparticles. These nanoparticles are very compact and rod shaped, consisting of near-cofacial ordering of the conjugated PPV chain backbones between folds located at tetrahedral defects (sp3 C-C bonds). The resulting photophysical properties exhibit a significant enhancement in the photoluminescence quantum yield, lifetime, and stability. In addition, the single molecule nanoparticles have Gaussian-like emission spectra with discrete center frequencies that are correlated to a conjugation length, allowing the design of nanoparticles which luminesces at a particular frequency. We followed a similar approach and applied a comparable methodology in our recent work on polythiophenes in order to study the effect of polymer architecture on nanoscale assembly. Unlike linear chains of comparable size, we observed aggregation of the bottlebrush architecture of poly(norbornene)-g-poly(3-hexylthiophene) (PNB-g-P3HT) after the freeze-drying and dissolution processes. The behavior can be attributed to a significant enhancement in the number of π-π interactions between grafted P3HT side chains.},
doi = {10.1201/9781315374581-9},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {Sun Oct 01 00:00:00 EDT 2017},
month = {Sun Oct 01 00:00:00 EDT 2017}
}

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