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Title: 3D printing technologies for electrochemical energy storage

Abstract

Fabrication of electrodes and electrolytes play an important role in promoting the performance of electrochemical energy storage (EES) devices such as batteries and supercapacitors. Traditional fabrication techniques have limited capability in controlling the geometry and architecture of the electrode and solid-state electrolytes, which would otherwise compromise the performance. 3D printing, a disruptive manufacturing technology, has emerged as an innovative approach to fabricating EES devices from nanoscale to macroscale and from nanowatt to megawatt, providing great opportunities to accurately control device geometry (e.g., dimension, porosity, morphology) and structure with enhanced specific energy and power densities. Moreover, the additive manufacturing nature of 3D printing provides excellent controllability of the electrode thickness with much simplified process in a cost effective manner. With the unique spatial and temporal material manipulation capability, 3D printing can integrate multiple nanomaterials in the same print, and multi-functional EES devices (including functional gradient devices) can be fabricated. Herein, we review recent advances in 3D printing of EES devices. We focused on two major 3D printing technologies including direct writing and inkjet printing. The direct material deposition characteristics of these two processes enable them to print on a variety of flat substrates, even a conformal one, well suiting them tomore » applications such as wearable devices and on-chip integrations. Other potential 3D printing techniques such as freeze nano-printing, stereolithography, fused deposition modeling, binder jetting, laminated object manufacturing, and metal 3D printing are also introduced. The advantages and limitations of each 3D printing technology are extensively discussed. More importantly, we provide a perspective on how to integrate the emerging 3D printing with existing technologies to create structures over multiple length scale from macro to nano for EES applications.« less

Authors:
; ; ; ; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1398223
Report Number(s):
PNNL-SA-126437
Journal ID: ISSN 2211-2855
DOE Contract Number:
AC05-76RL01830
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Nano Energy; Journal Volume: 40
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
3D printing; battery

Citation Formats

Zhang, Feng, Wei, Min, Viswanathan, Vilayanur V., Swart, Benjamin, Shao, Yuyan, Wu, Gang, and Zhou, Chi. 3D printing technologies for electrochemical energy storage. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1016/j.nanoen.2017.08.037.
Zhang, Feng, Wei, Min, Viswanathan, Vilayanur V., Swart, Benjamin, Shao, Yuyan, Wu, Gang, & Zhou, Chi. 3D printing technologies for electrochemical energy storage. United States. doi:10.1016/j.nanoen.2017.08.037.
Zhang, Feng, Wei, Min, Viswanathan, Vilayanur V., Swart, Benjamin, Shao, Yuyan, Wu, Gang, and Zhou, Chi. Sun . "3D printing technologies for electrochemical energy storage". United States. doi:10.1016/j.nanoen.2017.08.037.
@article{osti_1398223,
title = {3D printing technologies for electrochemical energy storage},
author = {Zhang, Feng and Wei, Min and Viswanathan, Vilayanur V. and Swart, Benjamin and Shao, Yuyan and Wu, Gang and Zhou, Chi},
abstractNote = {Fabrication of electrodes and electrolytes play an important role in promoting the performance of electrochemical energy storage (EES) devices such as batteries and supercapacitors. Traditional fabrication techniques have limited capability in controlling the geometry and architecture of the electrode and solid-state electrolytes, which would otherwise compromise the performance. 3D printing, a disruptive manufacturing technology, has emerged as an innovative approach to fabricating EES devices from nanoscale to macroscale and from nanowatt to megawatt, providing great opportunities to accurately control device geometry (e.g., dimension, porosity, morphology) and structure with enhanced specific energy and power densities. Moreover, the additive manufacturing nature of 3D printing provides excellent controllability of the electrode thickness with much simplified process in a cost effective manner. With the unique spatial and temporal material manipulation capability, 3D printing can integrate multiple nanomaterials in the same print, and multi-functional EES devices (including functional gradient devices) can be fabricated. Herein, we review recent advances in 3D printing of EES devices. We focused on two major 3D printing technologies including direct writing and inkjet printing. The direct material deposition characteristics of these two processes enable them to print on a variety of flat substrates, even a conformal one, well suiting them to applications such as wearable devices and on-chip integrations. Other potential 3D printing techniques such as freeze nano-printing, stereolithography, fused deposition modeling, binder jetting, laminated object manufacturing, and metal 3D printing are also introduced. The advantages and limitations of each 3D printing technology are extensively discussed. More importantly, we provide a perspective on how to integrate the emerging 3D printing with existing technologies to create structures over multiple length scale from macro to nano for EES applications.},
doi = {10.1016/j.nanoen.2017.08.037},
journal = {Nano Energy},
number = ,
volume = 40,
place = {United States},
year = {Sun Oct 01 00:00:00 EDT 2017},
month = {Sun Oct 01 00:00:00 EDT 2017}
}