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Title: Freestanding highly defect nitrogen-enriched carbon nanofibers for lithium ion battery thin-film anodes

Abstract

To spread lithium ion batteries into large-scale energy storage technologies, high ener-gy/power densities and long cycling life of carbon-based anodes must be achieved. This re-quires revolutionary design of the anode’s architectures that can facilitate the fast electronic and ionic transport, as well as accommodate the electrode structural instability. Here we re-port a thin-film electrode design and demonstrate its use in flexible, and large-area carbon-based anode assemblies. The fabrication of electrodes is realized by sputtering a graphite tar-get in the high-purity nitrogen atmosphere, then highly-defect nitrogen-doped carbon nano-fibers are deposited vertically onto copper substrates with a thin film configuration. The high-ly-defect nitrogen-doping enhances the lithium storage and transport, the orientation grown mechanism improves the charge transfer, and the compact configuration makes the high tap density possible. As a result, the thin films exhibit high specific capacities of ~ 500 mAh g-1, namely a volume capacity of ~ 100 mAh cm-3. They also exhibit stable cycle performance (400 mAh g-1 after 200 cycles) and good rate capability (450 mAh g-1 at 1 A g-1 rate). This work opens up a new carbon-based anode design by using sputtering technology for effec-tively incorporating high content nitrogen into carbon matrices. Such electrode architecture significantly improvesmore » the electrochemical performance of carbon-based materials.« less

Authors:
; ; ; ; ; ; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)
OSTI Identifier:
1395179
DOE Contract Number:  
AC02-06CH11357
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Journal of Materials Chemistry. A
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 5; Journal Issue: 11; Journal ID: ISSN 2050-7488
Publisher:
Royal Society of Chemistry
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
25 ENERGY STORAGE

Citation Formats

Tan, Guoqiang, Bao, Wurigumula, Yuan, Yifei, Liu, Zhun, Shahbazian-Yassar, Reza, Wu, Feng, Amine, Khalil, Wang, Jing, and Lu, Jun. Freestanding highly defect nitrogen-enriched carbon nanofibers for lithium ion battery thin-film anodes. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1039/c7ta00969k.
Tan, Guoqiang, Bao, Wurigumula, Yuan, Yifei, Liu, Zhun, Shahbazian-Yassar, Reza, Wu, Feng, Amine, Khalil, Wang, Jing, & Lu, Jun. Freestanding highly defect nitrogen-enriched carbon nanofibers for lithium ion battery thin-film anodes. United States. doi:10.1039/c7ta00969k.
Tan, Guoqiang, Bao, Wurigumula, Yuan, Yifei, Liu, Zhun, Shahbazian-Yassar, Reza, Wu, Feng, Amine, Khalil, Wang, Jing, and Lu, Jun. Sun . "Freestanding highly defect nitrogen-enriched carbon nanofibers for lithium ion battery thin-film anodes". United States. doi:10.1039/c7ta00969k.
@article{osti_1395179,
title = {Freestanding highly defect nitrogen-enriched carbon nanofibers for lithium ion battery thin-film anodes},
author = {Tan, Guoqiang and Bao, Wurigumula and Yuan, Yifei and Liu, Zhun and Shahbazian-Yassar, Reza and Wu, Feng and Amine, Khalil and Wang, Jing and Lu, Jun},
abstractNote = {To spread lithium ion batteries into large-scale energy storage technologies, high ener-gy/power densities and long cycling life of carbon-based anodes must be achieved. This re-quires revolutionary design of the anode’s architectures that can facilitate the fast electronic and ionic transport, as well as accommodate the electrode structural instability. Here we re-port a thin-film electrode design and demonstrate its use in flexible, and large-area carbon-based anode assemblies. The fabrication of electrodes is realized by sputtering a graphite tar-get in the high-purity nitrogen atmosphere, then highly-defect nitrogen-doped carbon nano-fibers are deposited vertically onto copper substrates with a thin film configuration. The high-ly-defect nitrogen-doping enhances the lithium storage and transport, the orientation grown mechanism improves the charge transfer, and the compact configuration makes the high tap density possible. As a result, the thin films exhibit high specific capacities of ~ 500 mAh g-1, namely a volume capacity of ~ 100 mAh cm-3. They also exhibit stable cycle performance (400 mAh g-1 after 200 cycles) and good rate capability (450 mAh g-1 at 1 A g-1 rate). This work opens up a new carbon-based anode design by using sputtering technology for effec-tively incorporating high content nitrogen into carbon matrices. Such electrode architecture significantly improves the electrochemical performance of carbon-based materials.},
doi = {10.1039/c7ta00969k},
journal = {Journal of Materials Chemistry. A},
issn = {2050-7488},
number = 11,
volume = 5,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {1}
}

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