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Title: The role of interfacial metal silicates on the magnetism in FeCo/SiO 2 and Fe 49% Co 49% V 2% /SiO 2 core/shell nanoparticles

Abstract

We have investigated the role of spontaneously formed interfacial metal silicates on the magnetism of FeCo/SiO2 and Fe49%Co49%V2%/SiO2 core/shell nanoparticles. Element specific x-ray absorption and photoelectron spectroscopy experiments have identified the characteristic spectral features of metallic iron and cobalt from within the nanoparticle core. In addition, metal silicates of iron, cobalt, and vanadium were found to have formed spontaneously at the interface between the nanoparticle core and silica shell. X-ray magnetic circular dichroism experiments indicated that the elemental magnetism was a result of metallic iron and cobalt with small components from the iron, cobalt, and vanadium silicates. Magnetometry experiments have shown that there was no exchange bias loop shift in the FeCo nanoparticles; however, exchange bias from antiferromagnetic vanadium oxide was measured in the V-doped nanoparticles. These results showed clearly that the interfacial metal silicates played a significant role in the magnetism of these core/shell nanoparticles, and that the vanadium percolated from the FeCo-cores into the SiO2-based interfacial shell.

Authors:
; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC); Argonne National Laboratory - Advanced Photon Source; USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1392361
DOE Contract Number:  
AC02-06CH11357
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Journal of Applied Physics
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 117; Journal Issue: 17; Journal ID: ISSN 0021-8979
Publisher:
American Institute of Physics (AIP)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English

Citation Formats

Desautels, R. D., Freeland, J. W., Rowe, M. P., and van Lierop, J. The role of interfacial metal silicates on the magnetism in FeCo/SiO 2 and Fe 49% Co 49% V 2% /SiO 2 core/shell nanoparticles. United States: N. p., 2015. Web. doi:10.1063/1.4915482.
Desautels, R. D., Freeland, J. W., Rowe, M. P., & van Lierop, J. The role of interfacial metal silicates on the magnetism in FeCo/SiO 2 and Fe 49% Co 49% V 2% /SiO 2 core/shell nanoparticles. United States. doi:10.1063/1.4915482.
Desautels, R. D., Freeland, J. W., Rowe, M. P., and van Lierop, J. Thu . "The role of interfacial metal silicates on the magnetism in FeCo/SiO 2 and Fe 49% Co 49% V 2% /SiO 2 core/shell nanoparticles". United States. doi:10.1063/1.4915482.
@article{osti_1392361,
title = {The role of interfacial metal silicates on the magnetism in FeCo/SiO 2 and Fe 49% Co 49% V 2% /SiO 2 core/shell nanoparticles},
author = {Desautels, R. D. and Freeland, J. W. and Rowe, M. P. and van Lierop, J.},
abstractNote = {We have investigated the role of spontaneously formed interfacial metal silicates on the magnetism of FeCo/SiO2 and Fe49%Co49%V2%/SiO2 core/shell nanoparticles. Element specific x-ray absorption and photoelectron spectroscopy experiments have identified the characteristic spectral features of metallic iron and cobalt from within the nanoparticle core. In addition, metal silicates of iron, cobalt, and vanadium were found to have formed spontaneously at the interface between the nanoparticle core and silica shell. X-ray magnetic circular dichroism experiments indicated that the elemental magnetism was a result of metallic iron and cobalt with small components from the iron, cobalt, and vanadium silicates. Magnetometry experiments have shown that there was no exchange bias loop shift in the FeCo nanoparticles; however, exchange bias from antiferromagnetic vanadium oxide was measured in the V-doped nanoparticles. These results showed clearly that the interfacial metal silicates played a significant role in the magnetism of these core/shell nanoparticles, and that the vanadium percolated from the FeCo-cores into the SiO2-based interfacial shell.},
doi = {10.1063/1.4915482},
journal = {Journal of Applied Physics},
issn = {0021-8979},
number = 17,
volume = 117,
place = {United States},
year = {2015},
month = {5}
}