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Title: Structural Effects of Gating Poly(3-hexylthiophene) through an Ionic Liquid

Abstract

Ionic liquids are increasingly employed as dielectrics to generate high charge densities and enable low-voltage operation with organic semiconductors. But, effects on structure and morphology of the active material are not fully known, particularly for permeable semiconductors such as conjugated polymers, in which ions from the ionic liquid can enter and electrochemically dope the semicrystalline film. In order to understand when ions enter, where they go, and how they affect the film, thin films of the archetypal semiconducting polymer, poly(3-hexylthiophene), are electrochemically doped with 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)imide, the archetypal ionic liquid. High-resolution, ex situ X-ray diffraction measurements and complete pole figures reveal changes with applied voltage, cycling, and frequency in lattice spacing, crystallite orientation, and crystallinity in the bulk and at the buried interface. Dopant ions penetrate the film and enter the crystallites at sufficiently high voltages and low frequencies. Upon infiltrating crystallites, ions permanently expand lamellar stacking and contract pi-stacking. Cycling amplifies these effects, but higher frequencies mitigate the expansion of bulk crystallites as ions are hindered from entering crystallites. Furthermore, this mechanistic understanding of the structural effects of ion penetration will help develop models of the frequency and voltage impedance response of electrochemically doped conjugated polymers and advance electronicmore » applications.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [1]
  1. Stanford Univ., CA (United States). Materials Science and Engineering
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22); National Science Foundation (NSF)
OSTI Identifier:
1390724
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1377938
Grant/Contract Number:
DMR 1507826; DGE-114747; AC02-76SF00515
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Advanced Functional Materials
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 27; Journal Issue: 32; Journal ID: ISSN 1616-301X
Publisher:
Wiley
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL, AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; 36 MATERIALS SCIENCE

Citation Formats

Guardado, Jesus O., and Salleo, Alberto. Structural Effects of Gating Poly(3-hexylthiophene) through an Ionic Liquid. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1002/adfm.201701791.
Guardado, Jesus O., & Salleo, Alberto. Structural Effects of Gating Poly(3-hexylthiophene) through an Ionic Liquid. United States. doi:10.1002/adfm.201701791.
Guardado, Jesus O., and Salleo, Alberto. Mon . "Structural Effects of Gating Poly(3-hexylthiophene) through an Ionic Liquid". United States. doi:10.1002/adfm.201701791. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1390724.
@article{osti_1390724,
title = {Structural Effects of Gating Poly(3-hexylthiophene) through an Ionic Liquid},
author = {Guardado, Jesus O. and Salleo, Alberto},
abstractNote = {Ionic liquids are increasingly employed as dielectrics to generate high charge densities and enable low-voltage operation with organic semiconductors. But, effects on structure and morphology of the active material are not fully known, particularly for permeable semiconductors such as conjugated polymers, in which ions from the ionic liquid can enter and electrochemically dope the semicrystalline film. In order to understand when ions enter, where they go, and how they affect the film, thin films of the archetypal semiconducting polymer, poly(3-hexylthiophene), are electrochemically doped with 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)imide, the archetypal ionic liquid. High-resolution, ex situ X-ray diffraction measurements and complete pole figures reveal changes with applied voltage, cycling, and frequency in lattice spacing, crystallite orientation, and crystallinity in the bulk and at the buried interface. Dopant ions penetrate the film and enter the crystallites at sufficiently high voltages and low frequencies. Upon infiltrating crystallites, ions permanently expand lamellar stacking and contract pi-stacking. Cycling amplifies these effects, but higher frequencies mitigate the expansion of bulk crystallites as ions are hindered from entering crystallites. Furthermore, this mechanistic understanding of the structural effects of ion penetration will help develop models of the frequency and voltage impedance response of electrochemically doped conjugated polymers and advance electronic applications.},
doi = {10.1002/adfm.201701791},
journal = {Advanced Functional Materials},
number = 32,
volume = 27,
place = {United States},
year = {Mon Jul 17 00:00:00 EDT 2017},
month = {Mon Jul 17 00:00:00 EDT 2017}
}

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