skip to main content
OSTI.GOV title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Reversal in the Size Dependence of Grain Rotation

Abstract

The conventional belief, based on the Read-Shockley model for the grain rotation mechanism, has been that smaller grains rotate more under stress due to the motion of grain boundary dislocations. However, in our high-pressure synchrotron Laue x-ray microdiffraction experiments, 70 nm nickel particles are found to rotate more than any other grain size. We infer that the reversal in the size dependence of the grain rotation arises from the crossover between the grain boundary dislocation-mediated and grain interior dislocation-mediated deformation mechanisms. The dislocation activities in the grain interiors are evidenced by the deformation texture of nickel nanocrystals. This new finding reshapes our view on the mechanism of grain rotation and helps us to better understand the plastic deformation of nanomaterials, particularly of the competing effects of grain boundary and grain interior dislocations.

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [3];  [4];  [2];  [3];  [3];  [3];  [3];  [3]
  1. Center for High Pressure Science and Technology Advanced Research, Shanghai (China); Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States). Advanced Light Source
  2. Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States). Advanced Light Source
  3. Center for High Pressure Science and Technology Advanced Research, Shanghai (China)
  4. Univ.of California, Los Angeles, CA (United States). Dept. of Chemistry and Biochemistry
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
OSTI Identifier:
1379748
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1345444
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-05CH11231
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physical Review Letters
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 118; Journal Issue: 9; Journal ID: ISSN 0031-9007
Publisher:
American Physical Society (APS)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE

Citation Formats

Zhou, Xiaoling, Tamura, Nobumichi, Mi, Zhongying, Lei, Jialin, Yan, Jinyuan, Zhang, Lingkong, Deng, Wen, Ke, Feng, Yue, Binbin, and Chen, Bin. Reversal in the Size Dependence of Grain Rotation. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.118.096101.
Zhou, Xiaoling, Tamura, Nobumichi, Mi, Zhongying, Lei, Jialin, Yan, Jinyuan, Zhang, Lingkong, Deng, Wen, Ke, Feng, Yue, Binbin, & Chen, Bin. Reversal in the Size Dependence of Grain Rotation. United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.118.096101.
Zhou, Xiaoling, Tamura, Nobumichi, Mi, Zhongying, Lei, Jialin, Yan, Jinyuan, Zhang, Lingkong, Deng, Wen, Ke, Feng, Yue, Binbin, and Chen, Bin. Wed . "Reversal in the Size Dependence of Grain Rotation". United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.118.096101. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1379748.
@article{osti_1379748,
title = {Reversal in the Size Dependence of Grain Rotation},
author = {Zhou, Xiaoling and Tamura, Nobumichi and Mi, Zhongying and Lei, Jialin and Yan, Jinyuan and Zhang, Lingkong and Deng, Wen and Ke, Feng and Yue, Binbin and Chen, Bin},
abstractNote = {The conventional belief, based on the Read-Shockley model for the grain rotation mechanism, has been that smaller grains rotate more under stress due to the motion of grain boundary dislocations. However, in our high-pressure synchrotron Laue x-ray microdiffraction experiments, 70 nm nickel particles are found to rotate more than any other grain size. We infer that the reversal in the size dependence of the grain rotation arises from the crossover between the grain boundary dislocation-mediated and grain interior dislocation-mediated deformation mechanisms. The dislocation activities in the grain interiors are evidenced by the deformation texture of nickel nanocrystals. This new finding reshapes our view on the mechanism of grain rotation and helps us to better understand the plastic deformation of nanomaterials, particularly of the competing effects of grain boundary and grain interior dislocations.},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevLett.118.096101},
journal = {Physical Review Letters},
issn = {0031-9007},
number = 9,
volume = 118,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {3}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 1 work
Citation information provided by
Web of Science

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

BIOMINERALIZATION: Enhanced: Naturally Aligned Nanocrystals
journal, August 2000


Yield stress of cemented tungsten carbide
journal, November 1975

  • Ruoff, Arthur L.; Wanagel, John
  • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 46, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.321542

Imperfect Oriented Attachment: Dislocation Generation in Defect-Free Nanocrystals
journal, August 1998


Detecting grain rotation at the nanoscale
journal, February 2014

  • Chen, Bin; Lutker, Katie; Lei, Jialin
  • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol. 111, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1324184111

Grain boundary migration as rotational deformation mode in nanocrystalline materials
journal, December 2005

  • Gutkin, M. Yu.; Ovid’ko, I. A.
  • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 87, Issue 25
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.2147721

Theory for plasticity of face-centered cubic metals
journal, April 2014

  • Jo, M.; Koo, Y. M.; Lee, B. -J.
  • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol. 111, Issue 18
  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1400786111

Scaling Behavior of Grain-Rotation-Induced Grain Growth
journal, October 2002


Linear Grain Growth Kinetics and Rotation in Nanocrystalline Ni
journal, April 2007


Growth of magnesium aluminate nanocrystallites
journal, January 2014

  • Tan, Dayong; Zhou, Wei; Ouyang, Wenzhu
  • CrystEngComm, Vol. 16, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.1039/C3CE41718B

Coupling grain boundary motion to shear deformation
journal, November 2006


Dislocation Models of Crystal Grain Boundaries
journal, May 1950


Revealing the Maximum Strength in Nanotwinned Copper
journal, January 2009


Nanoscale rotational deformation in solids at high stresses
journal, May 2011

  • Ovid’ko, I. A.; Sheinerman, A. G.
  • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 98, Issue 18
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.3587637

Deformation and Recrystallization Textures in Metals and Quartz
journal, February 1978

  • Cahn, R. W.
  • Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences, Vol. 288, Issue 1350
  • DOI: 10.1098/rsta.1978.0011

Grain rotation in thin films of gold
journal, May 1998


Grain Boundary-Mediated Plasticity in Nanocrystalline Nickel
journal, July 2004


Possibility of Subgrain Rotation during Recrystallization
journal, October 1962

  • Li, James C. M.
  • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 33, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.1728543

Softening of nanocrystalline metals at very small grain sizes
journal, February 1998

  • Schiøtz, Jakob; Di Tolla, Francesco D.; Jacobsen, Karsten W.
  • Nature, Vol. 391, Issue 6667
  • DOI: 10.1038/35328

MATERIALS SCIENCE:Enhanced: Controlling Cracks in Ceramics
journal, November 1999


Toward a quantitative understanding of mechanical behavior of nanocrystalline metals
journal, July 2007


Plastic Deformation of MgGeO3 Post-Perovskite at Lower Mantle Pressures
journal, February 2006


In Situ Measurement of Grain Rotation During Deformation of Polycrystals
journal, March 2001


Concurrent grain boundary motion and grain rotation under an applied stress
journal, August 2011


Stress-driven migration of symmetrical 〈100〉 tilt grain boundaries in Al bicrystals
journal, October 2009


A continuum model of grain boundaries
journal, June 2000


Simultaneous grain boundary migration and grain rotation
journal, April 2006


Nanotwinned diamond with unprecedented hardness and stability
journal, June 2014


Ion-Beam-Induced Collective Rotation of Nanocrystals
journal, August 2008


The strongest size
journal, February 1998


Formation and Subdivision of Deformation Structures During Plastic Deformation
journal, May 2006


Deforming Nanocrystalline Metals: New Insights, New Puzzles
journal, April 2005


Texture of Nanocrystalline Nickel: Probing the Lower Size Limit of Dislocation Activity
journal, December 2012


Analysis of lattice strains measured under nonhydrostatic pressure
journal, June 1998

  • Singh, Anil K.; Balasingh, C.; Mao, Ho-kwang
  • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 83, Issue 12
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.367872

Grain rotation mediated by grain boundary dislocations in nanocrystalline platinum
journal, July 2014

  • Wang, Lihua; Teng, Jiao; Liu, Pan
  • Nature Communications, Vol. 5, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/ncomms5402