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Title: Emergent inequality and self-organized social classes in a network of power and frustration

Abstract

We propose a simple agent-based model on a network to conceptualize the allocation of limited wealth among more abundant expectations at the interplay of power, frustration, and initiative. Concepts imported from the statistical physics of frustrated systems in and out of equilibrium allow us to compare subjective measures of frustration and satisfaction to collective measures of fairness in wealth distribution, such as the Lorenz curve and the Gini index. We find that a completely libertarian, law-of-the-jungle setting, where every agent can acquire wealth from or lose wealth to anybody else invariably leads to a complete polarization of the distribution of wealth vs. opportunity. This picture is however dramatically ameliorated when hard constraints are imposed over agents in the form of a limiting network of transactions. There, an out of equilibrium dynamics of the networks, based on a competition between power and frustration in the decision-making of agents, leads to network coevolution. The ratio of power and frustration controls different dynamical regimes separated by kinetic transitions and characterized by drastically different values of equality. It also leads, for proper values of social initiative, to the emergence of three self-organized social classes, lower, middle, and upper class. Their dynamics, which appears mostlymore » controlled by the middle class, drives a cyclical regime of dramatic social changes.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [2]; ORCiD logo [2]
  1. Alternative Energies and Atomic Energy Commission (CEA-Saclay), Gif-sur-Yvette (France). CNRS UMR. Dept. of Solid State Physics; Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
  2. Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)
Contributing Org.:
Alternative Energies and Atomic Energy Commission (CEA-Saclay), Gif-sur-Yvette (France)
OSTI Identifier:
1360695
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1480010
Report Number(s):
LA-UR-15-26491; LA-UR-18-29681
Journal ID: ISSN 1932-6203
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC52-06NA25396
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
PLoS ONE
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 12; Journal Issue: 2; Journal ID: ISSN 1932-6203
Publisher:
Public Library of Science
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
99 GENERAL AND MISCELLANEOUS; 97 MATHEMATICS AND COMPUTING

Citation Formats

Mahault, Benoit, Saxena, Avadh, and Nisoli, Cristiano. Emergent inequality and self-organized social classes in a network of power and frustration. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0171832.
Mahault, Benoit, Saxena, Avadh, & Nisoli, Cristiano. Emergent inequality and self-organized social classes in a network of power and frustration. United States. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0171832.
Mahault, Benoit, Saxena, Avadh, and Nisoli, Cristiano. Fri . "Emergent inequality and self-organized social classes in a network of power and frustration". United States. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0171832. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1360695.
@article{osti_1360695,
title = {Emergent inequality and self-organized social classes in a network of power and frustration},
author = {Mahault, Benoit and Saxena, Avadh and Nisoli, Cristiano},
abstractNote = {We propose a simple agent-based model on a network to conceptualize the allocation of limited wealth among more abundant expectations at the interplay of power, frustration, and initiative. Concepts imported from the statistical physics of frustrated systems in and out of equilibrium allow us to compare subjective measures of frustration and satisfaction to collective measures of fairness in wealth distribution, such as the Lorenz curve and the Gini index. We find that a completely libertarian, law-of-the-jungle setting, where every agent can acquire wealth from or lose wealth to anybody else invariably leads to a complete polarization of the distribution of wealth vs. opportunity. This picture is however dramatically ameliorated when hard constraints are imposed over agents in the form of a limiting network of transactions. There, an out of equilibrium dynamics of the networks, based on a competition between power and frustration in the decision-making of agents, leads to network coevolution. The ratio of power and frustration controls different dynamical regimes separated by kinetic transitions and characterized by drastically different values of equality. It also leads, for proper values of social initiative, to the emergence of three self-organized social classes, lower, middle, and upper class. Their dynamics, which appears mostly controlled by the middle class, drives a cyclical regime of dramatic social changes.},
doi = {10.1371/journal.pone.0171832},
journal = {PLoS ONE},
number = 2,
volume = 12,
place = {United States},
year = {Fri Feb 17 00:00:00 EST 2017},
month = {Fri Feb 17 00:00:00 EST 2017}
}

Journal Article:
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