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Title: Multi-wavelength observations of the flaring gamma-ray blazar 3C 66A in 2008 October

Abstract

We report that Tthe BL Lacertae object 3C 66A was detected in a flaring state by the Fermi Large Area Telescope (LAT) and VERITAS in 2008 October. In addition to these gamma-ray observations, F-GAMMA, GASP-WEBT, PAIRITEL, MDM, ATOM, Swift, and Chandra provided radio to X-ray coverage. The available light curves show variability and, in particular, correlated flares are observed in the optical and Fermi-LAT gamma-ray band. The resulting spectral energy distribution can be well fitted using standard leptonic models with and without an external radiation field for inverse Compton scattering. It is found, however, that only the model with an external radiation field can accommodate the intra-night variability observed at optical wavelengths.

Authors:
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Publication Date:
Research Org.:
SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
Contributing Org.:
The Fermi-LAT Collaboration; The VERITAS Collaboration; The GASP-WEBT Consortium
OSTI Identifier:
1357269
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-76SF00515
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Astrophysical Journal
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 726; Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 0004-637X
Publisher:
Institute of Physics (IOP)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTRONOMY AND ASTROPHYSICS; BL Lacertae objects: individual (3C 66A); galaxies: active; gamma rays: galaxies

Citation Formats

Abdo, A. A., Ackermann, M., Ajello, M., Baldini, L., Ballet, J., Barbiellini, G., Bastieri, D., Bechtol, K., Bellazzini, R., Berenji, B., Blandford, R. D., Bonamente, E., Borgland, A. W., Bouvier, A., Bregeon, J., Brez, A., Brigida, M., Bruel, P., Buehler, R., Buson, S., Caliandro, G. A., Cameron, R. A., Caraveo, P. A., Carrigan, S., Casandjian, J. M., Cavazzuti, E., Cecchi, C., Çelik, Ö., Charles, E., Chekhtman, A., Cheung, C. C., Chiang, J., Ciprini, S., Claus, R., Cohen-Tanugi, J., Conrad, J., Costamante, L., Cutini, S., Davis, D. S., Dermer, C. D., de Palma, F., Digel, S. W., do Couto e Silva, E., Drell, P. S., Dubois, R., Dumora, D., Favuzzi, C., Fegan, S. J., Fortin, P., Frailis, M., Fuhrmann, L., Fukazawa, Y., Funk, S., Fusco, P., Gargano, F., Gasparrini, D., Gehrels, N., Germani, S., Giglietto, N., Giommi, P., Giordano, F., Giroletti, M., Glanzman, T., Godfrey, G., Grenier, I. A., Grove, J. E., Guillemot, L., Guiriec, S., Hadasch, D., Hayashida, M., Hays, E., Horan, D., Hughes, R. E., Itoh, R., Jóhannesson, G., Johnson, A. S., Johnson, T. J., Johnson, W. N., Kamae, T., Katagiri, H., Kataoka, J., Knödlseder, J., Kuss, M., Lande, J., Latronico, L., Lee, S. -H., Longo, F., Loparco, F., Lott, B., Lovellette, M. N., Lubrano, P., Makeev, A., Mazziotta, M. N., McEnery, J. E., Mehault, J., Michelson, P. F., Mizuno, T., Moiseev, A. A., Monte, C., Monzani, M. E., Morselli, A., Moskalenko, I. V., Murgia, S., Nakamori, T., Naumann-Godo, M., Nestoras, I., Nolan, P. L., Norris, J. P., Nuss, E., Ohsugi, T., Okumura, A., Omodei, N., Orlando, E., Ormes, J. F., Ozaki, M., Paneque, D., Panetta, J. H., Parent, D., Pelassa, V., Pepe, M., Pesce-Rollins, M., Piron, F., Porter, T. A., Rainò, S., Rando, R., Razzano, M., Reimer, A., Reimer, O., Reyes, L. C., Ripken, J., Ritz, S., Romani, R. W., Roth, M., Sadrozinski, H. F. -W., Sanchez, D., Sander, A., Scargle, J. D., Sgrò, C., Shaw, M. S., Smith, P. D., Spandre, G., Spinelli, P., Strickman, M. S., Suson, D. J., Takahashi, H., Tanaka, T., Thayer, J. B., Thayer, J. G., Thompson, D. J., Tibaldo, L., Torres, D. F., Tosti, G., Tramacere, A., Usher, T. L., Vandenbroucke, J., Vasileiou, V., Vilchez, N., Vitale, V., Waite, A. P., Wang, P., Winer, B. L., Wood, K. S., Yang, Z., Ylinen, T., Ziegler, M., Acciari, V. A., Aliu, E., Arlen, T., Aune, T., Beilicke, M., Benbow, W., Böttcher, M., Boltuch, D., Bradbury, S. M., Buckley, J. H., Bugaev, V., Byrum, K., Cannon, A., Cesarini, A., Christiansen, J. L., Ciupik, L., Cui, W., de la Calle Perez, I., Dickherber, R., Errando, M., Falcone, A., Finley, J. P., Finnegan, G., Fortson, L., Furniss, A., Galante, N., Gall, D., Gillanders, G. H., Godambe, S., Grube, J., Guenette, R., Gyuk, G., Hanna, D., Holder, J., Hui, C. M., Humensky, T. B., Imran, A., Kaaret, P., Karlsson, N., Kertzman, M., Kieda, D., Konopelko, A., Krawczynski, H., Krennrich, F., Lang, M. J., LeBohec, S., Maier, G., McArthur, S., McCann, A., McCutcheon, M., Moriarty, P., Mukherjee, R., Ong, R. A., Otte, A. N., Pandel, D., Perkins, J. S., Pichel, A., Pohl, M., Quinn, J., Ragan, K., Reynolds, P. T., Roache, E., Rose, H. J., Schroedter, M., Sembroski, G. H., Senturk, G. Demet, Smith, A. W., Steele, D., Swordy, S. P., Tešić, G., Theiling, M., Thibadeau, S., Varlotta, A., Vassiliev, V. V., Vincent, S., Wakely, S. P., Ward, J. E., Weekes, T. C., Weinstein, A., Weisgarber, T., Williams, D. A., Wissel, S., Wood, M., Villata, M., Raiteri, C. M., Gurwell, M. A., Larionov, V. M., Kurtanidze, O. M., Aller, M. F., Lähteenmäki, A., Chen, W. P., Berduygin, A., Agudo, I., Aller, H. D., Arkharov, A. A., Bach, U., Bachev, R., Beltrame, P., Benítez, E., Buemi, C. S., Dashti, J., Calcidese, P., Capezzali, D., Carosati, D., Da Rio, D., Paola, A. Di, Diltz, C., Dolci, M., Dultzin, D., Forné, E., Gómez, J. L., Hagen-Thorn, V. A., Halkola, A., Heidt, J., Hiriart, D., Hovatta, T., Hsiao, H. -Y., Jorstad, S. G., Kimeridze, G. N., Konstantinova, T. S., Kopatskaya, E. N., Koptelova, E., Leto, P., Ligustri, R., Lindfors, E., Lopez, J. M., Marscher, A. P., Mommert, M., Mujica, R., Nikolashvili, M. G., Nilsson, K., Palma, N., Pasanen, M., Roca-Sogorb, M., Ros, J. A., Roustazadeh, P., Sadun, A. C., Saino, J., Sigua, L. A., Sillanää, A., Sorcia, M., Takalo, L. O., Tornikoski, M., Trigilio, C., Turchetti, R., Umana, G., Belloni, T., Blake, C. H., Bloom, J. S., Angelakis, E., Fumagalli, M., Hauser, M., Prochaska, J. X., Riquelme, D., Sievers, A., Starr, D. L., Tagliaferri, G., Ungerechts, H., Wagner, S., and Zensus, J. A. Multi-wavelength observations of the flaring gamma-ray blazar 3C 66A in 2008 October. United States: N. p., 2010. Web. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/726/1/43.
Abdo, A. A., Ackermann, M., Ajello, M., Baldini, L., Ballet, J., Barbiellini, G., Bastieri, D., Bechtol, K., Bellazzini, R., Berenji, B., Blandford, R. D., Bonamente, E., Borgland, A. W., Bouvier, A., Bregeon, J., Brez, A., Brigida, M., Bruel, P., Buehler, R., Buson, S., Caliandro, G. A., Cameron, R. A., Caraveo, P. A., Carrigan, S., Casandjian, J. M., Cavazzuti, E., Cecchi, C., Çelik, Ö., Charles, E., Chekhtman, A., Cheung, C. C., Chiang, J., Ciprini, S., Claus, R., Cohen-Tanugi, J., Conrad, J., Costamante, L., Cutini, S., Davis, D. S., Dermer, C. D., de Palma, F., Digel, S. W., do Couto e Silva, E., Drell, P. S., Dubois, R., Dumora, D., Favuzzi, C., Fegan, S. J., Fortin, P., Frailis, M., Fuhrmann, L., Fukazawa, Y., Funk, S., Fusco, P., Gargano, F., Gasparrini, D., Gehrels, N., Germani, S., Giglietto, N., Giommi, P., Giordano, F., Giroletti, M., Glanzman, T., Godfrey, G., Grenier, I. A., Grove, J. E., Guillemot, L., Guiriec, S., Hadasch, D., Hayashida, M., Hays, E., Horan, D., Hughes, R. E., Itoh, R., Jóhannesson, G., Johnson, A. S., Johnson, T. J., Johnson, W. N., Kamae, T., Katagiri, H., Kataoka, J., Knödlseder, J., Kuss, M., Lande, J., Latronico, L., Lee, S. -H., Longo, F., Loparco, F., Lott, B., Lovellette, M. N., Lubrano, P., Makeev, A., Mazziotta, M. N., McEnery, J. E., Mehault, J., Michelson, P. F., Mizuno, T., Moiseev, A. A., Monte, C., Monzani, M. E., Morselli, A., Moskalenko, I. V., Murgia, S., Nakamori, T., Naumann-Godo, M., Nestoras, I., Nolan, P. L., Norris, J. P., Nuss, E., Ohsugi, T., Okumura, A., Omodei, N., Orlando, E., Ormes, J. F., Ozaki, M., Paneque, D., Panetta, J. H., Parent, D., Pelassa, V., Pepe, M., Pesce-Rollins, M., Piron, F., Porter, T. A., Rainò, S., Rando, R., Razzano, M., Reimer, A., Reimer, O., Reyes, L. C., Ripken, J., Ritz, S., Romani, R. W., Roth, M., Sadrozinski, H. F. -W., Sanchez, D., Sander, A., Scargle, J. D., Sgrò, C., Shaw, M. S., Smith, P. D., Spandre, G., Spinelli, P., Strickman, M. S., Suson, D. J., Takahashi, H., Tanaka, T., Thayer, J. B., Thayer, J. G., Thompson, D. J., Tibaldo, L., Torres, D. F., Tosti, G., Tramacere, A., Usher, T. L., Vandenbroucke, J., Vasileiou, V., Vilchez, N., Vitale, V., Waite, A. P., Wang, P., Winer, B. L., Wood, K. S., Yang, Z., Ylinen, T., Ziegler, M., Acciari, V. A., Aliu, E., Arlen, T., Aune, T., Beilicke, M., Benbow, W., Böttcher, M., Boltuch, D., Bradbury, S. M., Buckley, J. H., Bugaev, V., Byrum, K., Cannon, A., Cesarini, A., Christiansen, J. L., Ciupik, L., Cui, W., de la Calle Perez, I., Dickherber, R., Errando, M., Falcone, A., Finley, J. P., Finnegan, G., Fortson, L., Furniss, A., Galante, N., Gall, D., Gillanders, G. H., Godambe, S., Grube, J., Guenette, R., Gyuk, G., Hanna, D., Holder, J., Hui, C. M., Humensky, T. B., Imran, A., Kaaret, P., Karlsson, N., Kertzman, M., Kieda, D., Konopelko, A., Krawczynski, H., Krennrich, F., Lang, M. J., LeBohec, S., Maier, G., McArthur, S., McCann, A., McCutcheon, M., Moriarty, P., Mukherjee, R., Ong, R. A., Otte, A. N., Pandel, D., Perkins, J. S., Pichel, A., Pohl, M., Quinn, J., Ragan, K., Reynolds, P. T., Roache, E., Rose, H. J., Schroedter, M., Sembroski, G. H., Senturk, G. Demet, Smith, A. W., Steele, D., Swordy, S. P., Tešić, G., Theiling, M., Thibadeau, S., Varlotta, A., Vassiliev, V. V., Vincent, S., Wakely, S. P., Ward, J. E., Weekes, T. C., Weinstein, A., Weisgarber, T., Williams, D. A., Wissel, S., Wood, M., Villata, M., Raiteri, C. M., Gurwell, M. A., Larionov, V. M., Kurtanidze, O. M., Aller, M. F., Lähteenmäki, A., Chen, W. P., Berduygin, A., Agudo, I., Aller, H. D., Arkharov, A. A., Bach, U., Bachev, R., Beltrame, P., Benítez, E., Buemi, C. S., Dashti, J., Calcidese, P., Capezzali, D., Carosati, D., Da Rio, D., Paola, A. Di, Diltz, C., Dolci, M., Dultzin, D., Forné, E., Gómez, J. L., Hagen-Thorn, V. A., Halkola, A., Heidt, J., Hiriart, D., Hovatta, T., Hsiao, H. -Y., Jorstad, S. G., Kimeridze, G. N., Konstantinova, T. S., Kopatskaya, E. N., Koptelova, E., Leto, P., Ligustri, R., Lindfors, E., Lopez, J. M., Marscher, A. P., Mommert, M., Mujica, R., Nikolashvili, M. G., Nilsson, K., Palma, N., Pasanen, M., Roca-Sogorb, M., Ros, J. A., Roustazadeh, P., Sadun, A. C., Saino, J., Sigua, L. A., Sillanää, A., Sorcia, M., Takalo, L. O., Tornikoski, M., Trigilio, C., Turchetti, R., Umana, G., Belloni, T., Blake, C. H., Bloom, J. S., Angelakis, E., Fumagalli, M., Hauser, M., Prochaska, J. X., Riquelme, D., Sievers, A., Starr, D. L., Tagliaferri, G., Ungerechts, H., Wagner, S., & Zensus, J. A. Multi-wavelength observations of the flaring gamma-ray blazar 3C 66A in 2008 October. United States. https://doi.org/10.1088/0004-637X/726/1/43
Abdo, A. A., Ackermann, M., Ajello, M., Baldini, L., Ballet, J., Barbiellini, G., Bastieri, D., Bechtol, K., Bellazzini, R., Berenji, B., Blandford, R. D., Bonamente, E., Borgland, A. W., Bouvier, A., Bregeon, J., Brez, A., Brigida, M., Bruel, P., Buehler, R., Buson, S., Caliandro, G. A., Cameron, R. A., Caraveo, P. A., Carrigan, S., Casandjian, J. M., Cavazzuti, E., Cecchi, C., Çelik, Ö., Charles, E., Chekhtman, A., Cheung, C. C., Chiang, J., Ciprini, S., Claus, R., Cohen-Tanugi, J., Conrad, J., Costamante, L., Cutini, S., Davis, D. S., Dermer, C. D., de Palma, F., Digel, S. W., do Couto e Silva, E., Drell, P. S., Dubois, R., Dumora, D., Favuzzi, C., Fegan, S. J., Fortin, P., Frailis, M., Fuhrmann, L., Fukazawa, Y., Funk, S., Fusco, P., Gargano, F., Gasparrini, D., Gehrels, N., Germani, S., Giglietto, N., Giommi, P., Giordano, F., Giroletti, M., Glanzman, T., Godfrey, G., Grenier, I. A., Grove, J. E., Guillemot, L., Guiriec, S., Hadasch, D., Hayashida, M., Hays, E., Horan, D., Hughes, R. E., Itoh, R., Jóhannesson, G., Johnson, A. S., Johnson, T. J., Johnson, W. N., Kamae, T., Katagiri, H., Kataoka, J., Knödlseder, J., Kuss, M., Lande, J., Latronico, L., Lee, S. -H., Longo, F., Loparco, F., Lott, B., Lovellette, M. N., Lubrano, P., Makeev, A., Mazziotta, M. N., McEnery, J. E., Mehault, J., Michelson, P. F., Mizuno, T., Moiseev, A. A., Monte, C., Monzani, M. E., Morselli, A., Moskalenko, I. V., Murgia, S., Nakamori, T., Naumann-Godo, M., Nestoras, I., Nolan, P. L., Norris, J. P., Nuss, E., Ohsugi, T., Okumura, A., Omodei, N., Orlando, E., Ormes, J. F., Ozaki, M., Paneque, D., Panetta, J. H., Parent, D., Pelassa, V., Pepe, M., Pesce-Rollins, M., Piron, F., Porter, T. A., Rainò, S., Rando, R., Razzano, M., Reimer, A., Reimer, O., Reyes, L. C., Ripken, J., Ritz, S., Romani, R. W., Roth, M., Sadrozinski, H. F. -W., Sanchez, D., Sander, A., Scargle, J. D., Sgrò, C., Shaw, M. S., Smith, P. D., Spandre, G., Spinelli, P., Strickman, M. S., Suson, D. J., Takahashi, H., Tanaka, T., Thayer, J. B., Thayer, J. G., Thompson, D. J., Tibaldo, L., Torres, D. F., Tosti, G., Tramacere, A., Usher, T. L., Vandenbroucke, J., Vasileiou, V., Vilchez, N., Vitale, V., Waite, A. P., Wang, P., Winer, B. L., Wood, K. S., Yang, Z., Ylinen, T., Ziegler, M., Acciari, V. A., Aliu, E., Arlen, T., Aune, T., Beilicke, M., Benbow, W., Böttcher, M., Boltuch, D., Bradbury, S. M., Buckley, J. H., Bugaev, V., Byrum, K., Cannon, A., Cesarini, A., Christiansen, J. L., Ciupik, L., Cui, W., de la Calle Perez, I., Dickherber, R., Errando, M., Falcone, A., Finley, J. P., Finnegan, G., Fortson, L., Furniss, A., Galante, N., Gall, D., Gillanders, G. H., Godambe, S., Grube, J., Guenette, R., Gyuk, G., Hanna, D., Holder, J., Hui, C. M., Humensky, T. B., Imran, A., Kaaret, P., Karlsson, N., Kertzman, M., Kieda, D., Konopelko, A., Krawczynski, H., Krennrich, F., Lang, M. J., LeBohec, S., Maier, G., McArthur, S., McCann, A., McCutcheon, M., Moriarty, P., Mukherjee, R., Ong, R. A., Otte, A. N., Pandel, D., Perkins, J. S., Pichel, A., Pohl, M., Quinn, J., Ragan, K., Reynolds, P. T., Roache, E., Rose, H. J., Schroedter, M., Sembroski, G. H., Senturk, G. Demet, Smith, A. W., Steele, D., Swordy, S. P., Tešić, G., Theiling, M., Thibadeau, S., Varlotta, A., Vassiliev, V. V., Vincent, S., Wakely, S. P., Ward, J. E., Weekes, T. C., Weinstein, A., Weisgarber, T., Williams, D. A., Wissel, S., Wood, M., Villata, M., Raiteri, C. M., Gurwell, M. A., Larionov, V. M., Kurtanidze, O. M., Aller, M. F., Lähteenmäki, A., Chen, W. P., Berduygin, A., Agudo, I., Aller, H. D., Arkharov, A. A., Bach, U., Bachev, R., Beltrame, P., Benítez, E., Buemi, C. S., Dashti, J., Calcidese, P., Capezzali, D., Carosati, D., Da Rio, D., Paola, A. Di, Diltz, C., Dolci, M., Dultzin, D., Forné, E., Gómez, J. L., Hagen-Thorn, V. A., Halkola, A., Heidt, J., Hiriart, D., Hovatta, T., Hsiao, H. -Y., Jorstad, S. G., Kimeridze, G. N., Konstantinova, T. S., Kopatskaya, E. N., Koptelova, E., Leto, P., Ligustri, R., Lindfors, E., Lopez, J. M., Marscher, A. P., Mommert, M., Mujica, R., Nikolashvili, M. G., Nilsson, K., Palma, N., Pasanen, M., Roca-Sogorb, M., Ros, J. A., Roustazadeh, P., Sadun, A. C., Saino, J., Sigua, L. A., Sillanää, A., Sorcia, M., Takalo, L. O., Tornikoski, M., Trigilio, C., Turchetti, R., Umana, G., Belloni, T., Blake, C. H., Bloom, J. S., Angelakis, E., Fumagalli, M., Hauser, M., Prochaska, J. X., Riquelme, D., Sievers, A., Starr, D. L., Tagliaferri, G., Ungerechts, H., Wagner, S., and Zensus, J. A. Tue . "Multi-wavelength observations of the flaring gamma-ray blazar 3C 66A in 2008 October". United States. https://doi.org/10.1088/0004-637X/726/1/43. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1357269.
@article{osti_1357269,
title = {Multi-wavelength observations of the flaring gamma-ray blazar 3C 66A in 2008 October},
author = {Abdo, A. A. and Ackermann, M. and Ajello, M. and Baldini, L. and Ballet, J. and Barbiellini, G. and Bastieri, D. and Bechtol, K. and Bellazzini, R. and Berenji, B. and Blandford, R. D. and Bonamente, E. and Borgland, A. W. and Bouvier, A. and Bregeon, J. and Brez, A. and Brigida, M. and Bruel, P. and Buehler, R. and Buson, S. and Caliandro, G. A. and Cameron, R. A. and Caraveo, P. A. and Carrigan, S. and Casandjian, J. M. and Cavazzuti, E. and Cecchi, C. and Çelik, Ö. and Charles, E. and Chekhtman, A. and Cheung, C. C. and Chiang, J. and Ciprini, S. and Claus, R. and Cohen-Tanugi, J. and Conrad, J. and Costamante, L. and Cutini, S. and Davis, D. S. and Dermer, C. D. and de Palma, F. and Digel, S. W. and do Couto e Silva, E. and Drell, P. S. and Dubois, R. and Dumora, D. and Favuzzi, C. and Fegan, S. J. and Fortin, P. and Frailis, M. and Fuhrmann, L. and Fukazawa, Y. and Funk, S. and Fusco, P. and Gargano, F. and Gasparrini, D. and Gehrels, N. and Germani, S. and Giglietto, N. and Giommi, P. and Giordano, F. and Giroletti, M. and Glanzman, T. and Godfrey, G. and Grenier, I. A. and Grove, J. E. and Guillemot, L. and Guiriec, S. and Hadasch, D. and Hayashida, M. and Hays, E. and Horan, D. and Hughes, R. E. and Itoh, R. and Jóhannesson, G. and Johnson, A. S. and Johnson, T. J. and Johnson, W. N. and Kamae, T. and Katagiri, H. and Kataoka, J. and Knödlseder, J. and Kuss, M. and Lande, J. and Latronico, L. and Lee, S. -H. and Longo, F. and Loparco, F. and Lott, B. and Lovellette, M. N. and Lubrano, P. and Makeev, A. and Mazziotta, M. N. and McEnery, J. E. and Mehault, J. and Michelson, P. F. and Mizuno, T. and Moiseev, A. A. and Monte, C. and Monzani, M. E. and Morselli, A. and Moskalenko, I. V. and Murgia, S. and Nakamori, T. and Naumann-Godo, M. and Nestoras, I. and Nolan, P. L. and Norris, J. P. and Nuss, E. and Ohsugi, T. and Okumura, A. and Omodei, N. and Orlando, E. and Ormes, J. F. and Ozaki, M. and Paneque, D. and Panetta, J. H. and Parent, D. and Pelassa, V. and Pepe, M. and Pesce-Rollins, M. and Piron, F. and Porter, T. A. and Rainò, S. and Rando, R. and Razzano, M. and Reimer, A. and Reimer, O. and Reyes, L. C. and Ripken, J. and Ritz, S. and Romani, R. W. and Roth, M. and Sadrozinski, H. F. -W. and Sanchez, D. and Sander, A. and Scargle, J. D. and Sgrò, C. and Shaw, M. S. and Smith, P. D. and Spandre, G. and Spinelli, P. and Strickman, M. S. and Suson, D. J. and Takahashi, H. and Tanaka, T. and Thayer, J. B. and Thayer, J. G. and Thompson, D. J. and Tibaldo, L. and Torres, D. F. and Tosti, G. and Tramacere, A. and Usher, T. L. and Vandenbroucke, J. and Vasileiou, V. and Vilchez, N. and Vitale, V. and Waite, A. P. and Wang, P. and Winer, B. L. and Wood, K. S. and Yang, Z. and Ylinen, T. and Ziegler, M. and Acciari, V. A. and Aliu, E. and Arlen, T. and Aune, T. and Beilicke, M. and Benbow, W. and Böttcher, M. and Boltuch, D. and Bradbury, S. M. and Buckley, J. H. and Bugaev, V. and Byrum, K. and Cannon, A. and Cesarini, A. and Christiansen, J. L. and Ciupik, L. and Cui, W. and de la Calle Perez, I. and Dickherber, R. and Errando, M. and Falcone, A. and Finley, J. P. and Finnegan, G. and Fortson, L. and Furniss, A. and Galante, N. and Gall, D. and Gillanders, G. H. and Godambe, S. and Grube, J. and Guenette, R. and Gyuk, G. and Hanna, D. and Holder, J. and Hui, C. M. and Humensky, T. B. and Imran, A. and Kaaret, P. and Karlsson, N. and Kertzman, M. and Kieda, D. and Konopelko, A. and Krawczynski, H. and Krennrich, F. and Lang, M. J. and LeBohec, S. and Maier, G. and McArthur, S. and McCann, A. and McCutcheon, M. and Moriarty, P. and Mukherjee, R. and Ong, R. A. and Otte, A. N. and Pandel, D. and Perkins, J. S. and Pichel, A. and Pohl, M. and Quinn, J. and Ragan, K. and Reynolds, P. T. and Roache, E. and Rose, H. J. and Schroedter, M. and Sembroski, G. H. and Senturk, G. Demet and Smith, A. W. and Steele, D. and Swordy, S. P. and Tešić, G. and Theiling, M. and Thibadeau, S. and Varlotta, A. and Vassiliev, V. V. and Vincent, S. and Wakely, S. P. and Ward, J. E. and Weekes, T. C. and Weinstein, A. and Weisgarber, T. and Williams, D. A. and Wissel, S. and Wood, M. and Villata, M. and Raiteri, C. M. and Gurwell, M. A. and Larionov, V. M. and Kurtanidze, O. M. and Aller, M. F. and Lähteenmäki, A. and Chen, W. P. and Berduygin, A. and Agudo, I. and Aller, H. D. and Arkharov, A. A. and Bach, U. and Bachev, R. and Beltrame, P. and Benítez, E. and Buemi, C. S. and Dashti, J. and Calcidese, P. and Capezzali, D. and Carosati, D. and Da Rio, D. and Paola, A. Di and Diltz, C. and Dolci, M. and Dultzin, D. and Forné, E. and Gómez, J. L. and Hagen-Thorn, V. A. and Halkola, A. and Heidt, J. and Hiriart, D. and Hovatta, T. and Hsiao, H. -Y. and Jorstad, S. G. and Kimeridze, G. N. and Konstantinova, T. S. and Kopatskaya, E. N. and Koptelova, E. and Leto, P. and Ligustri, R. and Lindfors, E. and Lopez, J. M. and Marscher, A. P. and Mommert, M. and Mujica, R. and Nikolashvili, M. G. and Nilsson, K. and Palma, N. and Pasanen, M. and Roca-Sogorb, M. and Ros, J. A. and Roustazadeh, P. and Sadun, A. C. and Saino, J. and Sigua, L. A. and Sillanää, A. and Sorcia, M. and Takalo, L. O. and Tornikoski, M. and Trigilio, C. and Turchetti, R. and Umana, G. and Belloni, T. and Blake, C. H. and Bloom, J. S. and Angelakis, E. and Fumagalli, M. and Hauser, M. and Prochaska, J. X. and Riquelme, D. and Sievers, A. and Starr, D. L. and Tagliaferri, G. and Ungerechts, H. and Wagner, S. and Zensus, J. A.},
abstractNote = {We report that Tthe BL Lacertae object 3C 66A was detected in a flaring state by the Fermi Large Area Telescope (LAT) and VERITAS in 2008 October. In addition to these gamma-ray observations, F-GAMMA, GASP-WEBT, PAIRITEL, MDM, ATOM, Swift, and Chandra provided radio to X-ray coverage. The available light curves show variability and, in particular, correlated flares are observed in the optical and Fermi-LAT gamma-ray band. The resulting spectral energy distribution can be well fitted using standard leptonic models with and without an external radiation field for inverse Compton scattering. It is found, however, that only the model with an external radiation field can accommodate the intra-night variability observed at optical wavelengths.},
doi = {10.1088/0004-637X/726/1/43},
url = {https://www.osti.gov/biblio/1357269}, journal = {Astrophysical Journal},
issn = {0004-637X},
number = 1,
volume = 726,
place = {United States},
year = {2010},
month = {12}
}

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