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Title: The Future of Low-Carbon Electricity

Abstract

Here, we review future global demand for electricity and major technologies positioned to supply itwith minimal greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions: renewables (wind, solar, water, geothermal and biomass), nuclear fission, and fossil power with CO 2 capture and sequestration. Two breakthrough technologies (space solar power and nuclear fusion) are discussed as exciting but uncertain additional options for low net GHG emissions (“low-carbon”) electricity generation. Grid integration technologies (monitoring and forecasting of transmission and distribution systems, demand-side load management, energy storage, and load balancing with low-carbon fuel substitutes) are also discussed. For each topic, recent historical trends and future prospects are reviewed, along with technical challenges, costs and other issues as appropriate. While no technology represents an ideal solution, their strengths can be enhanced by deployment in combination, along with grid integration that forms a critical set of enabling technologies to assure a reliable and robust future low-carbon electricity system.

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [3];  [4];  [1];  [5]
  1. Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
  2. Pennsylvania State Univ., University Park, PA (United States)
  3. Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States)
  4. Massachusetts Inst. of Technology (MIT), Cambridge, MA (United States)
  5. Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1351318
Report Number(s):
LBNL-1007260
Journal ID: ISSN 1543-5938; ir:1007260
Grant/Contract Number:
AC02-05CH11231
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Annual Review of Environment and Resources
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 42; Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 1543-5938
Publisher:
Annual Reviews
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
32 ENERGY CONSERVATION, CONSUMPTION, AND UTILIZATION; low-carbon electricity; renewable; nuclear; CO2; capture and sequestration; grid integration; breakthrough technology

Citation Formats

Greenblatt, Jeffery B., Brown, Nicholas R., Slaybaugh, Rachel, Wilks, Theresa, Stewart, Emma, and McCoy, Sean T. The Future of Low-Carbon Electricity. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1146/annurev-environ-102016-061138.
Greenblatt, Jeffery B., Brown, Nicholas R., Slaybaugh, Rachel, Wilks, Theresa, Stewart, Emma, & McCoy, Sean T. The Future of Low-Carbon Electricity. United States. doi:10.1146/annurev-environ-102016-061138.
Greenblatt, Jeffery B., Brown, Nicholas R., Slaybaugh, Rachel, Wilks, Theresa, Stewart, Emma, and McCoy, Sean T. Mon . "The Future of Low-Carbon Electricity". United States. doi:10.1146/annurev-environ-102016-061138.
@article{osti_1351318,
title = {The Future of Low-Carbon Electricity},
author = {Greenblatt, Jeffery B. and Brown, Nicholas R. and Slaybaugh, Rachel and Wilks, Theresa and Stewart, Emma and McCoy, Sean T.},
abstractNote = {Here, we review future global demand for electricity and major technologies positioned to supply itwith minimal greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions: renewables (wind, solar, water, geothermal and biomass), nuclear fission, and fossil power with CO2 capture and sequestration. Two breakthrough technologies (space solar power and nuclear fusion) are discussed as exciting but uncertain additional options for low net GHG emissions (“low-carbon”) electricity generation. Grid integration technologies (monitoring and forecasting of transmission and distribution systems, demand-side load management, energy storage, and load balancing with low-carbon fuel substitutes) are also discussed. For each topic, recent historical trends and future prospects are reviewed, along with technical challenges, costs and other issues as appropriate. While no technology represents an ideal solution, their strengths can be enhanced by deployment in combination, along with grid integration that forms a critical set of enabling technologies to assure a reliable and robust future low-carbon electricity system.},
doi = {10.1146/annurev-environ-102016-061138},
journal = {Annual Review of Environment and Resources},
number = 1,
volume = 42,
place = {United States},
year = {Mon Jul 10 00:00:00 EDT 2017},
month = {Mon Jul 10 00:00:00 EDT 2017}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
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  • We review future global demand for electricity and major technologies positioned to supply it with minimal greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions: renewables (wind, solar, water, geothermal, and biomass), nuclear fission, and fossil power with CO2 capture and sequestration. We discuss two breakthrough technologies (space solar power and nuclear fusion) as exciting but uncertain additional options for low-net GHG emissions (i.e., low-carbon) electricity generation. In addition, we discuss grid integration technologies (monitoring and forecasting of transmission and distribution systems, demand-side load management, energy storage, and load balancing with low-carbon fuel substitutes). For each topic, recent historical trends and future prospects are reviewed,more » along with technical challenges, costs, and other issues as appropriate. Although no technology represents an ideal solution, their strengths can be enhanced by deployment in combination, along with grid integration that forms a critical set of enabling technologies to assure a reliable and robust future low-carbon electricity system.« less
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