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Title: Acceleration of polarized He-3 in Booster and AGS

Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), Upton, NY (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Nuclear Physics (NP) (SC-26)
OSTI Identifier:
Report Number(s):
R&D Project: KBCH139; 18032; KB0202011
DOE Contract Number:
Resource Type:
Resource Relation:
Conference: 22nd International Spin Symposium (SPIN16); iHotel Conference Center, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Champaign, IL 61801; 20160925 through 20160930
Country of Publication:
United States

Citation Formats

Hock K. Acceleration of polarized He-3 in Booster and AGS. United States: N. p., 2016. Web.
Hock K. Acceleration of polarized He-3 in Booster and AGS. United States.
Hock K. Sun . "Acceleration of polarized He-3 in Booster and AGS". United States. doi:.
title = {Acceleration of polarized He-3 in Booster and AGS},
author = {Hock K.},
abstractNote = {},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {Sun Sep 25 00:00:00 EDT 2016},
month = {Sun Sep 25 00:00:00 EDT 2016}

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  • The methodology of accelerating polarized proton beams at the Brookhaven AGS facility is described. The whole facility can be functionally divided into two sections: the front end consisting of the polarized ion source, the 20 keV beam transport, the RFQ linear accelerator, the 750 keV beam transport, the 200 MeV linac and 200 MeV polarimeter and the 200 MeV transfer line to the AGS; and the hardware necessary in the AGS to accelerate and maintain the polarization of the injected protons. (AIP)
  • Spin physics in the past has provided an acid test of many models and theories and over the last decade has revealed new and unexpected phenomena to confront present day theories. This work received great impetus from the experiments at the ZGS, where for the first time multi-GeV polarized beams became available. This, in conjunction with polarized targets, allowed the complete specification of the initial quantum states in high energy proton-proton interactions and led to many startling new results. Although spin effects were important at the previously measured lower energies, practically all theorists felt that spin effects would become negligiblemore » at higher energies. Instead, the ZGS results showed in many cases even larger effects than those observed at lower energies. By the time the ZGS was shut down in 1979, high energy polarized proton projects were planned for KEK in Japan, SATURNE in France, and the AGS at Brookhaven. At present, serious thought is being given to high energy polarized proton beams at Fermilab, CERN, and indeed in planning for the Superconducting Super Collider. Today, I would like to describe the facility at Brookhaven and give you the present status of the project. We have been in the commissioning phase for the last three months on a part-time basis. To date we have injected 7 of polarized protons with 70% polarization. We have accelerated a peak of 6.4 x 10/sup 9/ polarized protons to 10.3 GeV/c and have made a first pass at correcting about a dozen imperfection resonances and two intrinsic resonances. We believe that this first tune gave us about an 80% polarization survival from injection to 10.3 GeV/c. The goal was to achieve 26 GeV/c polarized protons with about an 80% polarization survival and an intensity greater than 10/sup 10/ per pulse.« less
  • Presented is an overview of the program for acceleration of polarized protons in the AGS and their injection into the RHIC collider. The problem of depolarizing resonances in strong focusing circulator accelerators is discussed. The intrinsic resonances are jumped over by the fast tune jump, and a partial Siberian Snake is used to compensate for over forty imperfection resonances in the AGS. Two sets of full Siberian Snake and spin rotators will be employed in RHIC.
  • The RHIC spin design goal assumes 2 x 10{sup 11} proton/bunch with 70% polarization. As the injector to RHIC, polarized protons have been accelerated at the AGS for years to increase the polarization transmission efficiency. Several novel techniques have been applied in the AGS to overcome the intrinsic and imperfection resonances. The present level of accelerator performance is discussed. Progress on understanding the beam polarization behavior is presented. The outlook and future plan are also discussed.
  • Acceleration of polarized protons in the energy range of 5 to 25 GeV is particularly difficult: the depolarizing resonances are strong enough to cause significant depolarization but full Siberian snakes cause intolerably large orbit excursions and are not feasible in the AGS since straight sections are too short. Recently, two helical partial snakes with double pitch design have been built and installed in the AGS. With careful setup of optics at injection and along the ramp, this combination can eliminate the intrinsic and imperfection depolarizing resonances encountered during acceleration. This paper presents the accelerator setup and preliminary results.