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Title: Safeguards Instruments - R&D Spent Fuel; 2017 Engineering Review

Abstract

The spent fuel NDA project was started in 2009 to develop and test integrated technologies to improve NDA measurements of spent fuel assemblies.

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1]
  1. Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA), Office of Defense Nuclear Nonproliferation (NA-20)
OSTI Identifier:
1345141
Report Number(s):
LA-UR-17-21570
DOE Contract Number:
AC52-06NA25396
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
12 MANAGEMENT OF RADIOACTIVE AND NON-RADIOACTIVE WASTES FROM NUCLEAR FACILITIES

Citation Formats

Trellue, Holly Renee, Tobin, Stephen Joseph, Swinhoe, Martyn Thomas, Trahan, Alexis Chanel, Belian, Anthony P., and Ianakiev, Kiril Dimitrov. Safeguards Instruments - R&D Spent Fuel; 2017 Engineering Review. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.2172/1345141.
Trellue, Holly Renee, Tobin, Stephen Joseph, Swinhoe, Martyn Thomas, Trahan, Alexis Chanel, Belian, Anthony P., & Ianakiev, Kiril Dimitrov. Safeguards Instruments - R&D Spent Fuel; 2017 Engineering Review. United States. doi:10.2172/1345141.
Trellue, Holly Renee, Tobin, Stephen Joseph, Swinhoe, Martyn Thomas, Trahan, Alexis Chanel, Belian, Anthony P., and Ianakiev, Kiril Dimitrov. Fri . "Safeguards Instruments - R&D Spent Fuel; 2017 Engineering Review". United States. doi:10.2172/1345141. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1345141.
@article{osti_1345141,
title = {Safeguards Instruments - R&D Spent Fuel; 2017 Engineering Review},
author = {Trellue, Holly Renee and Tobin, Stephen Joseph and Swinhoe, Martyn Thomas and Trahan, Alexis Chanel and Belian, Anthony P. and Ianakiev, Kiril Dimitrov},
abstractNote = {The spent fuel NDA project was started in 2009 to develop and test integrated technologies to improve NDA measurements of spent fuel assemblies.},
doi = {10.2172/1345141},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {Fri Feb 24 00:00:00 EST 2017},
month = {Fri Feb 24 00:00:00 EST 2017}
}

Technical Report:

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  • Volume 1 to the Department of Energy`s Programmatic Spent Nuclear Fuel Management and Idaho National Engineering Laboratory Environmental Management Programs Environmental Impact Statement evaluates a range of alternatives for managing naval spent nuclear fuel expected to be removed from US Navy nuclear-powered vessels and prototype reactors through the year 2035. The Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) considers a range of alternatives for examining and storing naval spent nuclear fuel, including alternatives that terminate examination and involve storage close to the refueling or defueling site. The EIS covers the potential environmental impacts of each alternative, as well as cost impacts and impactsmore » to the Naval Nuclear Propulsion Program mission. This Appendix covers aspects of the alternatives that involve managing naval spent nuclear fuel at four naval shipyards and the Naval Nuclear Propulsion Program Kesselring Site in West Milton, New York. This Appendix also covers the impacts of alternatives that involve examining naval spent nuclear fuel at the Expended Core Facility in Idaho and the potential impacts of constructing and operating an inspection facility at any of the Department of Energy (DOE) facilities considered in the EIS. This Appendix also considers the impacts of the alternative involving limited spent nuclear fuel examinations at Puget Sound Naval Shipyard. This Appendix does not address the impacts associated with storing naval spent nuclear fuel after it has been inspected and transferred to DOE facilities. These impacts are addressed in separate appendices for each DOE site.« less
  • This volume contains the following attachments: transportation of Naval spent nuclear fuel; description of Naval spent nuclear receipt and handling at the Expended Core Facility at the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory; comparison of storage in new water pools versus dry container storage; description of storage of Naval spent nuclear fuel at servicing locations; description of receipt, handling, and examination of Naval spent nuclear fuel at alternate DOE facilities; analysis of normal operations and accident conditions; and comparison of the Naval spent nuclear fuel storage environmental assessment and this environmental impact statement.
  • In July 1995, the Department of Energy asked the National Research Council (NRC) to extend the lifetime of its Committee on Electrometallurgical Techniques for DOE Spent Fuel Treatment in order to provide additional advice. After this additional activity was approved by the NRC, the committee was specifically charged with two tasks: first, to carry out an ongoing evaluation of Argonne National Laboratory`s (ANL`s) research and development (R and D) activity on electrometallurgical techniques for treatment of DOE spent fuel, including their specific application to Experimental Breeder Reactor II (EBR-II) spent fuel; and second, to evaluate the scientific and technological issuesmore » associated with extending this R and D program to handle plutonium, should the DOE decide that an electrometallurgical treatment option for the disposition of excess weapons plutonium is worth pursuing. The committee`s previous report responded to the second part of the charge, and this report turns to the first part, providing ongoing evaluation of the scientific and technological aspects of the R and D program for spent fuel treatment. The EBR-II fuel treatment demonstration has been delayed pending completion of an environmental assessment (EA), a process in which the committee has not participated. In addition, ANL has made a decision on revised amounts of driver and blanket fuel required to complete the demonstration. Because the delay in initiation of hot operations at ANL-W precluded review of the processing of irradiated EBR-II fuels, the committee focused on the ANL efforts to develop and test waste forms.« less
  • In July 1995, following a request by the Department of Energy (DOE), the National Research Council (NRC) extended the tenure of its Committee on Electrometallurgical Techniques for DOE Spent Fuel Treatment. The committee was charged with two tasks: (1) carry out an ongoing evaluation of Argonne National Laboratory`s (ANL`s) research and development (R and D) activity on electrometallurgical techniques for treatment of DOE spent fuel, including their specific application to Experimental Breeder Reactor 2 (EBR-2) spent fuel; and (2) evaluation the scientific and technological issues associated with extending this R and D program to handle plutonium, should the DOE decidemore » that an electrometallurgical treatment option for the disposition of excess weapons plutonium is worth pursuing. A major activity of the committee meeting at Argonne National Laboratory-West in Idaho on October 14--15, 1996, was to visit the Fuel Conditioning Facility (FCF) to review the status of the demonstration program. The EBR-2 fuel treatment demonstration had been delayed during completion of an environmental assessment (EA). The EA represented a policy that reduced the amount of fuel in the demonstration and eliminate the separation of plutonium during the processing but allowed the program to continue; any increase in scope would require that a full environmental impact statement be prepared. An objective of the committee was to learn how the modified scope, as defined by the EA, affects the adequacy of the demonstration and the potential application of the electrometallurgical technology to process DOE spent fuel. In addition, the committee discussed major R and D issues on waste forms that are expected to be generated from the ANL`s demonstration.« less