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Title: Storage and Reprocessing of Spent Nuclear Fuel

Abstract

Addressing the problem of waste, especially high-level waste (HLW), is a requirement of the nuclear fuel cycle that cannot be ignored. We explore the two options employed currently, long-term storage and reprocessing.

Authors:
 [1]
  1. Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA), Office of Defense Nuclear Nonproliferation (NA-20)
OSTI Identifier:
1342848
Report Number(s):
LA-UR-17-20813
TRN: US1701913
DOE Contract Number:
AC52-06NA25396
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
11 NUCLEAR FUEL CYCLE AND FUEL MATERIALS; SPENT FUELS; HIGH-LEVEL RADIOACTIVE WASTES; REPROCESSING; SPENT FUEL STORAGE; FUEL CYCLE; fuel cycle

Citation Formats

Karpius, Peter Joseph. Storage and Reprocessing of Spent Nuclear Fuel. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.2172/1342848.
Karpius, Peter Joseph. Storage and Reprocessing of Spent Nuclear Fuel. United States. doi:10.2172/1342848.
Karpius, Peter Joseph. Thu . "Storage and Reprocessing of Spent Nuclear Fuel". United States. doi:10.2172/1342848. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1342848.
@article{osti_1342848,
title = {Storage and Reprocessing of Spent Nuclear Fuel},
author = {Karpius, Peter Joseph},
abstractNote = {Addressing the problem of waste, especially high-level waste (HLW), is a requirement of the nuclear fuel cycle that cannot be ignored. We explore the two options employed currently, long-term storage and reprocessing.},
doi = {10.2172/1342848},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {Thu Feb 02 00:00:00 EST 2017},
month = {Thu Feb 02 00:00:00 EST 2017}
}

Technical Report:

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  • The facility will have the capability to handle spent fuel assemblies containing 10 MTHM/day, with 30% if the fuel received in legal weight truck (LWT) casks and the remaining fuel received in rail casks. The storage capacity will be about 30% of the annual throughput of the reprocessing plant. This size will provide space for a working inventory of about 50 days plant throughput and empty storage space to receive any fuel that might be in transit of the reprocessing plant should have an outage. Spent LWR fuel assemblies outside the confines of the shipping cask will be handled andmore » stored underwater. To permit drainage, each water pool will be designed so that it can be isolated from the remaining pools. Pool water quality will be controlled by a filter-deionizer system. Radioactivity in the water will be maintained at less than or equal to 2 x 10/sup -4/ Ci/m/sup 3/; conductivity will be maintained at 1 to 2 ..mu..mho/cm. The temperature of the pool water will be maintained at less than or equal to 40/sup 0/C to retard algae growth and reduce evaporation. Decay heat will be transferred to the environment via a heat exchanger-cooling tower system.« less
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