skip to main content
OSTI.GOV title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Grid of the Future: Quantification of Benefits from Flexible Energy Resources in Scenarios With Extra-High Penetration of Renewable Energy

Abstract

The main objective of this study is to quantify the entitlement for system benefits attainable by pervasive application of flexible energy resources in scenarios with extra-high penetration of renewable energy. The quantified benefits include savings in thermal energy and reduction of CO 2 emissions. Both are primarily a result of displacement of conventional thermal generation by renewable energy production, but there are secondary improvements that arise from lowering operating reserves, removing transmission constraints, and by partially removing energy-delivery losses due to energy production by distributed solar. The flexible energy resources in the context of this study include energy storage and adjustable loads. The flexibility of both was constrained to a time horizon of one day. In case of energy storage this means that the state of charge is restored to the starting value at the end of each day, while for load this means that the daily energy consumed is maintained constant. The extra-high penetration of renewable energy in the context of this study means the level of penetration resulting in significant number of hours where instantaneous power output from renewable resources added to the power output from baseload nuclear fleet surpasses the instantaneous power consumption by the load.

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [1];  [1]
  1. General Electric International, Inc., Schenectady, NY (United States). Energy Consulting
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
General Electric International, Inc., Schenectady, NY (United States). Energy Consulting
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Advanced Research Projects Agency - Energy (ARPA-E)
OSTI Identifier:
1339431
Report Number(s):
DE-AR0000510
DOE Contract Number:  
AR0000510
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
24 POWER TRANSMISSION AND DISTRIBUTION; novel technologies; renewable energy; renewable penetration; thermal generation

Citation Formats

Bebic, Jovan, Hinkle, Gene, Matic, Slobodan, and Schmitt, William. Grid of the Future: Quantification of Benefits from Flexible Energy Resources in Scenarios With Extra-High Penetration of Renewable Energy. United States: N. p., 2015. Web. doi:10.2172/1339431.
Bebic, Jovan, Hinkle, Gene, Matic, Slobodan, & Schmitt, William. Grid of the Future: Quantification of Benefits from Flexible Energy Resources in Scenarios With Extra-High Penetration of Renewable Energy. United States. doi:10.2172/1339431.
Bebic, Jovan, Hinkle, Gene, Matic, Slobodan, and Schmitt, William. Thu . "Grid of the Future: Quantification of Benefits from Flexible Energy Resources in Scenarios With Extra-High Penetration of Renewable Energy". United States. doi:10.2172/1339431. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1339431.
@article{osti_1339431,
title = {Grid of the Future: Quantification of Benefits from Flexible Energy Resources in Scenarios With Extra-High Penetration of Renewable Energy},
author = {Bebic, Jovan and Hinkle, Gene and Matic, Slobodan and Schmitt, William},
abstractNote = {The main objective of this study is to quantify the entitlement for system benefits attainable by pervasive application of flexible energy resources in scenarios with extra-high penetration of renewable energy. The quantified benefits include savings in thermal energy and reduction of CO2 emissions. Both are primarily a result of displacement of conventional thermal generation by renewable energy production, but there are secondary improvements that arise from lowering operating reserves, removing transmission constraints, and by partially removing energy-delivery losses due to energy production by distributed solar. The flexible energy resources in the context of this study include energy storage and adjustable loads. The flexibility of both was constrained to a time horizon of one day. In case of energy storage this means that the state of charge is restored to the starting value at the end of each day, while for load this means that the daily energy consumed is maintained constant. The extra-high penetration of renewable energy in the context of this study means the level of penetration resulting in significant number of hours where instantaneous power output from renewable resources added to the power output from baseload nuclear fleet surpasses the instantaneous power consumption by the load.},
doi = {10.2172/1339431},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2015},
month = {1}
}