skip to main content
OSTI.GOV title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Origin of the resistivity anisotropy in the nematic phase of FeSe

Abstract

The in-plane resistivity anisotropy is studied in strain-detwinned single crystals of FeSe. In contrast to other iron-based superconductors, FeSe does not develop long-range magnetic order below the tetragonal-to-orthorhombic transition at T s ≈ 90 K. This allows for the disentanglement of the contributions to the resistivity anisotropy due to nematic and magnetic orders. Comparing direct transport and elastoresistivity measurements, we extract the intrinsic resistivity anisotropy of strain-free samples. The anisotropy peaks slightly below T s and decreases to nearly zero on cooling down to the superconducting transition. Furthermore, this behavior is consistent with a scenario in which the in-plane resistivity anisotropy is dominated by inelastic scattering by anisotropic spin fluctuations.

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [1];  [3];  [1];  [2];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [3];  [1]
  1. Ames Lab., Ames, IA (United States); Iowa State Univ., Ames, IA (United States)
  2. Ames Lab., Ames, IA (United States)
  3. Univ. of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Ames Laboratory (AMES), Ames, IA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
OSTI Identifier:
1337676
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1325293
Report Number(s):
IS-J-8944
Journal ID: ISSN 0031-9007; PRLTAO
Grant/Contract Number:  
SC0012336; AC02-06CH11357; GBMF4411; AC02-07CH11358
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physical Review Letters
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 117; Journal Issue: 12; Journal ID: ISSN 0031-9007
Publisher:
American Physical Society (APS)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY

Citation Formats

Tanatar, M. A., Bohmer, A. E., Timmons, E. I., Schutt, M., Drachuck, G., Taufour, V., Kothapalli, K., Kreyssig, A., Bud’ko, S. L., Canfield, P. C., Fernandes, R. M., and Prozorov, R. Origin of the resistivity anisotropy in the nematic phase of FeSe. United States: N. p., 2016. Web. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.117.127001.
Tanatar, M. A., Bohmer, A. E., Timmons, E. I., Schutt, M., Drachuck, G., Taufour, V., Kothapalli, K., Kreyssig, A., Bud’ko, S. L., Canfield, P. C., Fernandes, R. M., & Prozorov, R. Origin of the resistivity anisotropy in the nematic phase of FeSe. United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.117.127001.
Tanatar, M. A., Bohmer, A. E., Timmons, E. I., Schutt, M., Drachuck, G., Taufour, V., Kothapalli, K., Kreyssig, A., Bud’ko, S. L., Canfield, P. C., Fernandes, R. M., and Prozorov, R. Fri . "Origin of the resistivity anisotropy in the nematic phase of FeSe". United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.117.127001. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1337676.
@article{osti_1337676,
title = {Origin of the resistivity anisotropy in the nematic phase of FeSe},
author = {Tanatar, M. A. and Bohmer, A. E. and Timmons, E. I. and Schutt, M. and Drachuck, G. and Taufour, V. and Kothapalli, K. and Kreyssig, A. and Bud’ko, S. L. and Canfield, P. C. and Fernandes, R. M. and Prozorov, R.},
abstractNote = {The in-plane resistivity anisotropy is studied in strain-detwinned single crystals of FeSe. In contrast to other iron-based superconductors, FeSe does not develop long-range magnetic order below the tetragonal-to-orthorhombic transition at Ts ≈ 90 K. This allows for the disentanglement of the contributions to the resistivity anisotropy due to nematic and magnetic orders. Comparing direct transport and elastoresistivity measurements, we extract the intrinsic resistivity anisotropy of strain-free samples. The anisotropy peaks slightly below Ts and decreases to nearly zero on cooling down to the superconducting transition. Furthermore, this behavior is consistent with a scenario in which the in-plane resistivity anisotropy is dominated by inelastic scattering by anisotropic spin fluctuations.},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevLett.117.127001},
journal = {Physical Review Letters},
issn = {0031-9007},
number = 12,
volume = 117,
place = {United States},
year = {2016},
month = {9}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 16 works
Citation information provided by
Web of Science

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

Conductivity Anisotropy in the Antiferromagnetic State of Iron Pnictides
journal, November 2010


Field-induced superconducting phase of FeSe in the BCS-BEC cross-over
journal, November 2014

  • Kasahara, Shigeru; Watashige, Tatsuya; Hanaguri, Tetsuo
  • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol. 111, Issue 46
  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1413477111

Orbitally and magnetically induced anisotropy in iron-based superconductors
journal, November 2011


Superconductivity in the PbO-type structure  -FeSe
journal, September 2008

  • Hsu, F. -C.; Luo, J. -Y.; Yeh, K. -W.
  • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol. 105, Issue 38
  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.0807325105

Nematic spin correlations in the tetragonal state of uniaxial-strained BaFe2-xNixAs2
journal, July 2014


Orbital order and spontaneous orthorhombicity in iron pnictides
journal, September 2010


Resistive anisotropy due to spin-fluctuation scattering in the nematic phase of iron pnictides
journal, September 2014


Both Electron and Hole Dirac Cone States in Ba ( FeAs ) 2 Confirmed by Magnetoresistance
journal, May 2011


Anisotropic In-Plane Resistivity in the Nematic Phase of the Iron Pnictides
journal, November 2011


Anisotropic impurity states, quasiparticle scattering and nematic transport in underdoped Ca(Fe1−xCox)2As2
journal, February 2013

  • Allan, M. P.; Chuang, T-M.; Massee, F.
  • Nature Physics, Vol. 9, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1038/nphys2544

Evolution of anisotropic in-plane resistivity with doping level in Ca 1 x Na x Fe 2 As 2 single crystals
journal, May 2014


Emergent Defect States as a Source of Resistivity Anisotropy in the Nematic Phase of Iron Pnictides
journal, September 2014


Anisotropy of Electrical Transport in Pnictide Superconductors Studied Using Monte Carlo Simulations of the Spin-Fermion Model
journal, July 2012


Importance of Fermi Surface Topology for In-Plane Resistivity Anisotropy in Hole- and Electron-Doped Ba(Fe 1− x TM x ) 2 As 2 (TM = Cr, Mn, and Co)
journal, September 2015

  • Kobayashi, Tatsuya; Tanaka, Kiyohisa; Miyasaka, Shigeki
  • Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, Vol. 84, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.7566/JPSJ.84.094707

Variation of transition temperatures and residual resistivity ratio in vapor-grown FeSe
journal, July 2016


Emergence of the nematic electronic state in FeSe
journal, April 2015


Distinct in-plane resistivity anisotropy in a detwinned FeTe single crystal: Evidence for a Hund's metal
journal, September 2013


Divergent Nematic Susceptibility in an Iron Arsenide Superconductor
journal, August 2012


Complete Fermi Surface in BaFe 2 As 2 Observed via Shubnikov–de Haas Oscillation Measurements on Detwinned Single Crystals
journal, October 2011


Orbital-driven nematicity in FeSe
journal, November 2014

  • Baek, S-H.; Efremov, D. V.; Ok, J. M.
  • Nature Materials, Vol. 14, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1038/nmat4138

Observation of two distinct d x z / d y z band splittings in FeSe
journal, June 2015


Lack of coupling between superconductivity and orthorhombic distortion in stoichiometric single-crystalline FeSe
journal, May 2013


Lifting of xz / yz orbital degeneracy at the structural transition in detwinned FeSe
journal, September 2014


Direct imaging of the structural domains in the iron pnictides A Fe 2 As 2 ( A = Ca , Sr , Ba )
journal, May 2009


Acoustic characteristics of FeSe single crystals
journal, March 2013


Uniaxial-strain mechanical detwinning of CaFe 2 As 2 and BaFe 2 As 2 crystals: Optical and transport study
journal, May 2010


Measurement of the elastoresistivity coefficients of the underdoped iron arsenide Ba(Fe 0.975 Co 0.025 ) 2 As 2
journal, August 2013


Tetragonal-to-Orthorhombic Structural Phase Transition at 90 K in the Superconductor Fe 1.01 Se
journal, July 2009


What drives nematic order in iron-based superconductors?
journal, January 2014

  • Fernandes, R. M.; Chubukov, A. V.; Schmalian, J.
  • Nature Physics, Vol. 10, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1038/nphys2877

Origin of the Resistive Anisotropy in the Electronic Nematic Phase of BaFe 2 As 2 Revealed by Optical Spectroscopy
journal, September 2015


Sign-reversal of the in-plane resistivity anisotropy in hole-doped iron pnictides
journal, May 2013

  • Blomberg, E. C.; Tanatar, M. A.; Fernandes, R. M.
  • Nature Communications, Vol. 4, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/ncomms2933

Antagonistic In-Plane Resistivity Anisotropies from Competing Fluctuations in Underdoped Cuprates
journal, July 2015


In-Plane Resistivity Anisotropy in an Underdoped Iron Arsenide Superconductor
journal, August 2010


Origin of the Tetragonal-to-Orthorhombic Phase Transition in FeSe: A Combined Thermodynamic and NMR Study of Nematicity
journal, January 2015


Magnetoelastically coupled structural, magnetic, and superconducting order parameters in BaFe 2 (As 1 x P x ) 2
journal, October 2012


In-plane electronic anisotropy of underdoped ‘122’ Fe-arsenide superconductors revealed by measurements of detwinned single crystals
journal, September 2011


How to derive a spectrum from an RGB triplet
journal, July 1989

  • Glassner, A. S.
  • IEEE Computer Graphics and Applications, Vol. 9, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1109/38.31468

Measurements of the Anisotropic In-Plane Resistivity of Underdoped FeAs-Based Pnictide Superconductors
journal, August 2011


    Works referencing / citing this record:

    Discovery of orbital-selective Cooper pairing in FeSe
    journal, July 2017