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Title: Data Report for Monitoring at Six West Virginia Marcellus Shale Development Sites using NETL’s Mobile Air Monitoring Laboratory (July–November 2012)

Abstract

The West Virginia Department of Environmental Protection’s Office of Oil and Gas was directed according to the Natural Gas Horizontal Well Control Act of December 14, 2011 (West Virginia Code §22-6A) to conduct studies of horizontal well drilling activities related to air quality. The planned study, “Noise, Light, Dust, Volatile Organic Compounds Related to Well Location Restrictions,” required determination of the effectiveness of a 625 ft minimum set-back from the center of the pad of a horizontal well drilling site to the nearest occupied dwelling. An investigation was conducted at seven drilling sites by West Virginia University (WVU) and the National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) to collect data on dust, hydrocarbon compounds and on noise, radiation, and light levels. NETL’s role in this study was to collect measurements of ambient pollutant concentrations at six of the seven selected sites using NETL’s Mobile Air Monitoring Laboratory. The trailer-based laboratory was situated a distance of 492–1,312 ft from each well pad, on which activities included well pad construction, vertical drilling, horizontal drilling, hydraulic fracturing, and flaring, with the objective of evaluating the air quality impact of each activity for 1–4 weeks per site. Measured pollutants included volatile organic compounds (VOCs), coarse andmore » fine particulate matter (PM 10 and PM 2.5, respectively), ozone, methane (CH 4), carbon dioxide (CO 2), carbon isotopes of CH 4 and CO 2, organic carbon (OC), elemental carbon (EC), oxides of nitrogen (NOx), and sulfur dioxide (SO 2).« less

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [1];  [3]
  1. National Energy Technology Lab. (NETL), Pittsburgh, PA, (United States)
  2. National Energy Technology Lab. (NETL), Pittsburgh, PA, (United States); Indiana Univ., Bloomington, IN (United Stat
  3. Indiana Univ., Bloomington, IN (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
National Energy Technology Lab. (NETL), Pittsburgh, PA, (United States). In-house Research
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Fossil Energy (FE)
OSTI Identifier:
1330216
Report Number(s):
NETL-PUB-20513; NETL-TRS-4-2016
TRN: US1700437
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
03 NATURAL GAS; 54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; METHANE; CARBON DIOXIDE; SULFUR DIOXIDE; WELL DRILLING; WEST VIRGINIA; CARBON; VOLATILE MATTER; VISIBLE RADIATION; SHALES; AIR QUALITY; AIR POLLUTION MONITORING; NATURAL GAS; NITROGEN OXIDES; CARBON ISOTOPES; CONCENTRATION RATIO; HYDRAULIC FRACTURING; PARTICULATES; POLLUTANTS; ABUNDANCE; CONSTRUCTION; FLARING; OZONE; EXPERIMENTAL DATA; fossil fuels

Citation Formats

Pekney, Natalie J., Reeder, Matthew, Veloski, Garret A., and Diehl, J. Rodney. Data Report for Monitoring at Six West Virginia Marcellus Shale Development Sites using NETL’s Mobile Air Monitoring Laboratory (July–November 2012). United States: N. p., 2016. Web. doi:10.2172/1330216.
Pekney, Natalie J., Reeder, Matthew, Veloski, Garret A., & Diehl, J. Rodney. Data Report for Monitoring at Six West Virginia Marcellus Shale Development Sites using NETL’s Mobile Air Monitoring Laboratory (July–November 2012). United States. doi:10.2172/1330216.
Pekney, Natalie J., Reeder, Matthew, Veloski, Garret A., and Diehl, J. Rodney. 2016. "Data Report for Monitoring at Six West Virginia Marcellus Shale Development Sites using NETL’s Mobile Air Monitoring Laboratory (July–November 2012)". United States. doi:10.2172/1330216. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1330216.
@article{osti_1330216,
title = {Data Report for Monitoring at Six West Virginia Marcellus Shale Development Sites using NETL’s Mobile Air Monitoring Laboratory (July–November 2012)},
author = {Pekney, Natalie J. and Reeder, Matthew and Veloski, Garret A. and Diehl, J. Rodney},
abstractNote = {The West Virginia Department of Environmental Protection’s Office of Oil and Gas was directed according to the Natural Gas Horizontal Well Control Act of December 14, 2011 (West Virginia Code §22-6A) to conduct studies of horizontal well drilling activities related to air quality. The planned study, “Noise, Light, Dust, Volatile Organic Compounds Related to Well Location Restrictions,” required determination of the effectiveness of a 625 ft minimum set-back from the center of the pad of a horizontal well drilling site to the nearest occupied dwelling. An investigation was conducted at seven drilling sites by West Virginia University (WVU) and the National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) to collect data on dust, hydrocarbon compounds and on noise, radiation, and light levels. NETL’s role in this study was to collect measurements of ambient pollutant concentrations at six of the seven selected sites using NETL’s Mobile Air Monitoring Laboratory. The trailer-based laboratory was situated a distance of 492–1,312 ft from each well pad, on which activities included well pad construction, vertical drilling, horizontal drilling, hydraulic fracturing, and flaring, with the objective of evaluating the air quality impact of each activity for 1–4 weeks per site. Measured pollutants included volatile organic compounds (VOCs), coarse and fine particulate matter (PM10 and PM2.5, respectively), ozone, methane (CH4), carbon dioxide (CO2), carbon isotopes of CH4 and CO2, organic carbon (OC), elemental carbon (EC), oxides of nitrogen (NOx), and sulfur dioxide (SO2).},
doi = {10.2172/1330216},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = 2016,
month = 6
}

Technical Report:

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  • The area of historic gas production in southwestern West Virginia has produced gas and minor oil for decades; has thick sequences of black shale; and has relatively broad, low-relief structures that generally trend northeast-to-southwest. The emerging area to the north (Pleasants, Wood, Ritchie, Calhoun, Wirt, and Roane Counties) has experienced appreciable oil in addition to gas production; has many siltstone units interbedded with the Devonian shales; lacks black shale in the eastern counties; and is dominated structurally by a north-south trending anticline that marks the western edge of a detached thrust sheet emplaced from the east. The authors' work hasmore » refined and clarified many stratigraphic relationships within the shales and equivalents to the east. On the basis of maps of cumulative production, and the stratigraphic distribution of shows, they concluded that black shales served as a source of gas, some of which migrated into surrounding rocks. In the historic area, where siltstones are rare or absent, some gas migrated to a number of intervals, but most stayed within the black shales. In the emerging area, most gas migrated to siltstone bundles. Although conventional stimulation methods differ marginally in how they affect cumulative production, adjusting for time, shot wells have done better than wells stimulated by the other most commonly used methods.« less
  • The Huron Shale Member is the major Devonian shale producing zone in all counties under study. To the north and east, the organic shales of the Huron are replaced by inorganic shales and siltstones; gas production in these areas probably comes from the entire shale interval. Gas-producing potential of the Rhinestreet has not been fully exploited despite its similar lithologic character to the Huron. Structure maps on the top of the Berea and base of the Huron show two northeast-to-southwest trending synclines in Cabell and Wayne Counties, and a north-south anticline in Cabell County. Berea and Onondaga structure maps revealmore » benches at both levels in Jackson, Mason, and Putnam Counties, possibly indicating continued effects of normal faulting throughout the shale interval. The Huron and Rhinestreet Members display the largest ratio of shows to penetrations in Devonian shale wells in southwestern West Virginia, confirming the role of the Huron in total shale gas production, and emphasizing the potential of the deeper Rhinestreet Member. Smoothed maps of initial potentials are appropriate in the study of regional trends, but unreliable for precise estimation of gas volumes at individual locations. Maps of initial potentials show sets of linearities parallel and perpendicular to regional structural trends. These linearities implicate fractures as a control on gas volumes.« less
  • An oil and gas report on Pleasants, Wood, and Ritchie Counties was written and is under review. It includes sections on stratigraphy, structure, drilling history, production, and completion methods, as well as structure contour maps, maps of wells producing in major intervals, and interlocking cross-sections. A similar report was written in part for Wirt, Roane, and Calhoun Counties, and preliminary studies were begun for a report on Mingo, Logan, and Lincoln Counties, including maps of gas initial potentials and probability of success. A data base of production, stratigraphy, pays, and completion technology was created in part, and some data inmore » a master oil and gas data base were edited and corrected for transfer to the Devonian shale data base. Computer software was developed for geostatistical calculations and mapping, display of well locations, display of stratigraphic data and occurrences of shows and pays, assignment of pays to stratigraphic intervals, editing of data, and data input.« less
  • Plastic shelters were used to grow red oak seedlings on good-to-excellent Appalachian hardwood growing sites in north central West Virginia. Preliminary results indicate that shelters have the potential to stimulate development of red oak seedlingheight growth, especially if height growth continues once the seedling tops are above the 5-foot-tall shelters.
  • The objective of this project is to develop a modeling system to allow operators and regulators to plan all aspects of water management activities associated with shale gas development in the target project area of New York, Pennsylvania, and West Virginia (target area ), including water supply, transport, storage, use, recycling, and disposal and which can be used for planning, managing, forecasting, permit tracking, and compliance monitoring. The proposed project is a breakthrough approach to represent the entire shale gas water lifecycle in one comprehensive system with the capability to analyze impacts and options for operational efficiency and regulatory trackingmore » and compliance, and to plan for future water use and disposition. It will address all of the major water-related issues of concern associated with shale gas development in the target area, including water withdrawal, transport, storage, use, treatment, recycling, and disposal. It will analyze the costs, water use, and wastes associated with the available options, and incorporate constraints presented by permit requirements, agreements, local and state regulations, equipment and material availability, etc. By using the system to examine the water lifecycle from withdrawals through disposal, users will be able to perform scenario analysis to answer "what if" questions for various situations. The system will include regulatory requirements of the appropriate state and regional agencies and facilitate reporting and permit applications and tracking. These features will allow operators to plan for more cost effective resource production. Regulators will be able to analyze impacts of development over an entire area. Regulators can then make informed decisions about the protections and practices that should be required as development proceeds. This modeling system will have myriad benefits for industry, government, and the public. For industry, it will allow planning all water management operations for a project or an area as one entity to optimize water use and minimize costs subject to regulatory and other constraints. It will facilitate analysis of options and tradeoffs, and will also simplify permitting and reporting to regulatory agencies. The system will help regulators study cumulative impacts of development, conserve water resources, and manage disposal options across a region. It will also allow them to track permits and monitor compliance. The public will benefit from water conservation, improved environmental performance as better system wide decisions are made, and greater supply of natural gas, with attendant lower prices, as costs are reduced and development is assisted through better planning and scheduling. Altogether, better economics and fewer barriers will facilitate recovery of the more than 300 trillion cubic feet of estimated recoverable natural gas resource in the Marcellus Shale in a manner that protects the environment.« less