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Title: Thermal equation of state of hcp-iron: Constraint on the density deficit of Earth's solid inner core: THERMAL EQUATION OF STATE OF HCP-IRON

Abstract

We conducted high-pressure experiments on hexagonal close packed iron (hcp-Fe) in MgO, NaCl, and Ne pressure-transmitting media and found general agreement among the experimental data at 300 K that yield the best fitted values of the bulk modulus K 0 = 172.7(±1.4) GPa and its pressure derivative K 0'= 4.79(±0.05) for hcp-Fe, using the third-order Birch-Murnaghan equation of state. Using the derived thermal pressures for hcp-Fe up to 100 GPa and 1800 K and previous shockwave Hugoniot data, we developed a thermal equation of state of hcp-Fe. The thermal equation of state of hcp-Fe is further used to calculate the densities of iron along adiabatic geotherms to define the density deficit of the inner core, which serves as the basis for developing quantitative composition models of the Earth's inner core. We determine the density deficit at the inner core boundary to be 3.6%, assuming an inner core boundary temperature of 6000 K.

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [2];  [1];  [3]
  1. Geophysical Laboratory, Carnegie Institution of Washington, Washington District of Columbia USA
  2. Geophysical Laboratory, Carnegie Institution of Washington, Washington District of Columbia USA; Now at Frontier Research Institute for Interdisciplinary Sciences, Tohoku University, Sendai Japan
  3. School of Sciences, Wuhan University of Technology, Wuhan China
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States). Advanced Photon Source (APS)
Sponsoring Org.:
NSFOTHER
OSTI Identifier:
1298276
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Geophysical Research Letters; Journal Volume: 43; Journal Issue: 13
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
ENGLISH
Subject:
58 GEOSCIENCES

Citation Formats

Fei, Yingwei, Murphy, Caitlin, Shibazaki, Yuki, Shahar, Anat, and Huang, Haijun. Thermal equation of state of hcp-iron: Constraint on the density deficit of Earth's solid inner core: THERMAL EQUATION OF STATE OF HCP-IRON. United States: N. p., 2016. Web. doi:10.1002/2016GL069456.
Fei, Yingwei, Murphy, Caitlin, Shibazaki, Yuki, Shahar, Anat, & Huang, Haijun. Thermal equation of state of hcp-iron: Constraint on the density deficit of Earth's solid inner core: THERMAL EQUATION OF STATE OF HCP-IRON. United States. doi:10.1002/2016GL069456.
Fei, Yingwei, Murphy, Caitlin, Shibazaki, Yuki, Shahar, Anat, and Huang, Haijun. Mon . "Thermal equation of state of hcp-iron: Constraint on the density deficit of Earth's solid inner core: THERMAL EQUATION OF STATE OF HCP-IRON". United States. doi:10.1002/2016GL069456.
@article{osti_1298276,
title = {Thermal equation of state of hcp-iron: Constraint on the density deficit of Earth's solid inner core: THERMAL EQUATION OF STATE OF HCP-IRON},
author = {Fei, Yingwei and Murphy, Caitlin and Shibazaki, Yuki and Shahar, Anat and Huang, Haijun},
abstractNote = {We conducted high-pressure experiments on hexagonal close packed iron (hcp-Fe) in MgO, NaCl, and Ne pressure-transmitting media and found general agreement among the experimental data at 300 K that yield the best fitted values of the bulk modulus K0 = 172.7(±1.4) GPa and its pressure derivative K0'= 4.79(±0.05) for hcp-Fe, using the third-order Birch-Murnaghan equation of state. Using the derived thermal pressures for hcp-Fe up to 100 GPa and 1800 K and previous shockwave Hugoniot data, we developed a thermal equation of state of hcp-Fe. The thermal equation of state of hcp-Fe is further used to calculate the densities of iron along adiabatic geotherms to define the density deficit of the inner core, which serves as the basis for developing quantitative composition models of the Earth's inner core. We determine the density deficit at the inner core boundary to be 3.6%, assuming an inner core boundary temperature of 6000 K.},
doi = {10.1002/2016GL069456},
journal = {Geophysical Research Letters},
number = 13,
volume = 43,
place = {United States},
year = {Mon Jul 04 00:00:00 EDT 2016},
month = {Mon Jul 04 00:00:00 EDT 2016}
}