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Title: Catalysts and process for liquid hydrocarbon fuel production

Abstract

The present invention provides a novel process and system in which a mixture of carbon monoxide and hydrogen synthesis gas, or syngas, is converted into hydrocarbon mixtures composed of high quality distillates, gasoline components, and lower molecular weight gaseous olefins in one reactor or step. The invention utilizes a novel supported bimetallic ion complex catalyst for conversion, and provides methods of preparing such novel catalysts and use of the novel catalysts in the process and system of the invention.

Inventors:
; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Mississippi State Univ., Mississippi State, MS (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1281074
Patent Number(s):
9,404,048
Application Number:
14/544,988
Assignee:
Mississippi State University (Mississippi State, MS) GFO
DOE Contract Number:
FG36-06GO86025
Resource Type:
Patent
Resource Relation:
Patent File Date: 2015 Mar 12
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL, AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY

Citation Formats

White, Mark G., Ranaweera, Samantha A., and Henry, William P.. Catalysts and process for liquid hydrocarbon fuel production. United States: N. p., 2016. Web.
White, Mark G., Ranaweera, Samantha A., & Henry, William P.. Catalysts and process for liquid hydrocarbon fuel production. United States.
White, Mark G., Ranaweera, Samantha A., and Henry, William P.. 2016. "Catalysts and process for liquid hydrocarbon fuel production". United States. doi:. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1281074.
@article{osti_1281074,
title = {Catalysts and process for liquid hydrocarbon fuel production},
author = {White, Mark G. and Ranaweera, Samantha A. and Henry, William P.},
abstractNote = {The present invention provides a novel process and system in which a mixture of carbon monoxide and hydrogen synthesis gas, or syngas, is converted into hydrocarbon mixtures composed of high quality distillates, gasoline components, and lower molecular weight gaseous olefins in one reactor or step. The invention utilizes a novel supported bimetallic ion complex catalyst for conversion, and provides methods of preparing such novel catalysts and use of the novel catalysts in the process and system of the invention.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = 2016,
month = 8
}

Patent:

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  • The present invention provides a novel process and system in which a mixture of carbon monoxide and hydrogen synthesis gas, or syngas, is converted into hydrocarbon mixtures composed of high quality gasoline components, aromatic compounds, and lower molecular weight gaseous olefins in one reactor or step. The invention utilizes a novel molybdenum-zeolite catalyst in high pressure hydrogen for conversion, as well as a novel rhenium-zeolite catalyst in place of the molybdenum-zeolite catalyst, and provides for use of the novel catalysts in the process and system of the invention.
  • A process is disclosed for making a hydrocarbon coke slurry fuel by coking carbonaceous materials in the liquid phase under autogenous pressure to form coke which is then extracted with a combustible hydrocarbon at high temperatures and pressures to produce a dense slurry of coke in the hydrocarbon suitable for use as a fuel. 5 claims, 1 figure.
  • A process for producing hydrocarbon liquids in preference to gases from oil shale is described. The shale is introduced at the top of a reaction chamber which includes an upper oil shale preheat zone having a temperature not more than about 950/sup 0/F, a hydroretort reaction zone at a temperature of about 850/sup 0/ to about 1250/sup 0/F, and a lower hydrogen preheat zone to recover heat from spent shale. Solids from the shale are passed downwardly through the chamber so that the shale, and particularly the oil therein, is gradually heated to the reaction temperature over a relatively extendedmore » period of at least ten minutes so as to inhibit the formation of a carbon residue. A hydrogen-rich gas, containing hydrogen in excess of stoichiometric amounts needed for the hydroretorting of the oil in the shale, is passed upwardly in the reaction chamber and countercurrent to the shale solids passing downwardly therethrough. A hydroretorting reaction is promoted in the reaction chamber between the oil or organic material in the shale and the hydrogen so as to produce predominately distillable hydrocarbon liquids and a low proportion of low molecular weight paraffinic hydrocarbon gases. The process can be controlled to maximize production of aliphatic and alicyclic hydrocarbon liquids which may be utilized for wide variety of purposes including gasification for the production of synthetic pipeline-quality gas from oil shale. 12 claims, 1 figure.« less