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Title: Differential requirement for irf8 in formation of embryonic and adult macrophages in zebrafish

Abstract

Interferon regulatory factor 8 (Irf8) is critical for mammalian macrophage development and innate immunity, but its role in teleost myelopoiesis remains incompletely understood. Specifically, genetic tools to analyze the role of irf8 in zebrafish macrophage development at larval and adult stages are lacking. In this study, we generated irf8 null mutants in zebrafish using TALEN-mediated targeting. Our analysis defines different requirements for irf8 at different stages. irf8 is required for formation of all macrophages during primitive and transient definitive hematopoiesis, but not during adult-phase definitive hematopoiesis starting at 5-6 days postfertilization. At early stages, irf8 mutants have excess neutrophils and excess cell death in pu.1-expressing myeloid cells. Macrophage fates were recovered in irf8 mutants after wildtype irf8 expression in neutrophil and macrophage lineages, suggesting that irf8 regulates macrophage specification and survival. In juvenile irf8 mutant fish, mature macrophages are present, but at numbers significantly reduced compared to wildtype, indicating an ongoing requirement for irf8 after embryogenesis. As development progresses, tissue macrophages become apparent in zebrafish irf8 mutants, with the possible exception of microglia. Our study defines distinct requirement for irf8 in myelopoiesis before and after transition to the adult hematopoietic system.

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [2];  [2]
  1. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
  2. Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, California (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Laboratory Directed Research and Development (LDRD) Program
OSTI Identifier:
1265322
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC05-00OR22725
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
PLoS ONE
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 10; Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 1932-6203
Publisher:
Public Library of Science
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
59 BASIC BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES; 60 APPLIED LIFE SCIENCES

Citation Formats

Shiau, Celia E., Kaufman, Zoe, Meireles, Ana M., and Talbot, William S. Differential requirement for irf8 in formation of embryonic and adult macrophages in zebrafish. United States: N. p., 2015. Web. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0117513.
Shiau, Celia E., Kaufman, Zoe, Meireles, Ana M., & Talbot, William S. Differential requirement for irf8 in formation of embryonic and adult macrophages in zebrafish. United States. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0117513.
Shiau, Celia E., Kaufman, Zoe, Meireles, Ana M., and Talbot, William S. Fri . "Differential requirement for irf8 in formation of embryonic and adult macrophages in zebrafish". United States. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0117513. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1265322.
@article{osti_1265322,
title = {Differential requirement for irf8 in formation of embryonic and adult macrophages in zebrafish},
author = {Shiau, Celia E. and Kaufman, Zoe and Meireles, Ana M. and Talbot, William S.},
abstractNote = {Interferon regulatory factor 8 (Irf8) is critical for mammalian macrophage development and innate immunity, but its role in teleost myelopoiesis remains incompletely understood. Specifically, genetic tools to analyze the role of irf8 in zebrafish macrophage development at larval and adult stages are lacking. In this study, we generated irf8 null mutants in zebrafish using TALEN-mediated targeting. Our analysis defines different requirements for irf8 at different stages. irf8 is required for formation of all macrophages during primitive and transient definitive hematopoiesis, but not during adult-phase definitive hematopoiesis starting at 5-6 days postfertilization. At early stages, irf8 mutants have excess neutrophils and excess cell death in pu.1-expressing myeloid cells. Macrophage fates were recovered in irf8 mutants after wildtype irf8 expression in neutrophil and macrophage lineages, suggesting that irf8 regulates macrophage specification and survival. In juvenile irf8 mutant fish, mature macrophages are present, but at numbers significantly reduced compared to wildtype, indicating an ongoing requirement for irf8 after embryogenesis. As development progresses, tissue macrophages become apparent in zebrafish irf8 mutants, with the possible exception of microglia. Our study defines distinct requirement for irf8 in myelopoiesis before and after transition to the adult hematopoietic system.},
doi = {10.1371/journal.pone.0117513},
journal = {PLoS ONE},
number = 1,
volume = 10,
place = {United States},
year = {Fri Jan 23 00:00:00 EST 2015},
month = {Fri Jan 23 00:00:00 EST 2015}
}

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