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Title: High throughput exploration of process-property linkages in Al-6061 using instrumented spherical microindentation and microstructurally graded samples

Abstract

Recent spherical nanoindentation protocols have proven robust at capturing the local elastic-plastic response of polycrystalline metal samples at length scales much smaller than the grain size. In this work, we extend these protocols to length scales that include multiple grains to recover microindentation stress-strain curves. These new protocols are first established in this paper and then demonstrated for Al-6061 by comparing the measured indentation stress-strain curves with the corresponding measurements from uniaxial tension tests. More specifically, the scaling factors between the uniaxial yield strength and the indentation yield strength was determined to be about 1.9, which is significantly lower than the value of 2.8 used commonly in literature. Furthermore, the reasons for this difference are discussed. Second, the benefits of these new protocols in facilitating high throughput exploration of process-property relationships are demonstrated through a simple case study.

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [2];  [2]
  1. Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States); Georgia Inst. of Technology, Atlanta, GA (United States)
  2. Georgia Inst. of Technology, Atlanta, GA (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1260538
Report Number(s):
LA-UR-15-29695
Journal ID: ISSN 2193-9764; PII: 54
Grant/Contract Number:  
70NANB14H191; AC52-06NA25396
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Integrating Materials and Manufacturing Innovation
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 5; Journal Issue: 10; Journal ID: ISSN 2193-9764
Publisher:
Springer
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; sample libraries; Hertzian indentation; stress and strain; Al alloys; aging

Citation Formats

Weaver, Jordan S., Khosravani, Ali, Castillo, Andrew, and Kalidindi, Surya R. High throughput exploration of process-property linkages in Al-6061 using instrumented spherical microindentation and microstructurally graded samples. United States: N. p., 2016. Web. doi:10.1186/s40192-016-0054-3.
Weaver, Jordan S., Khosravani, Ali, Castillo, Andrew, & Kalidindi, Surya R. High throughput exploration of process-property linkages in Al-6061 using instrumented spherical microindentation and microstructurally graded samples. United States. doi:10.1186/s40192-016-0054-3.
Weaver, Jordan S., Khosravani, Ali, Castillo, Andrew, and Kalidindi, Surya R. Tue . "High throughput exploration of process-property linkages in Al-6061 using instrumented spherical microindentation and microstructurally graded samples". United States. doi:10.1186/s40192-016-0054-3. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1260538.
@article{osti_1260538,
title = {High throughput exploration of process-property linkages in Al-6061 using instrumented spherical microindentation and microstructurally graded samples},
author = {Weaver, Jordan S. and Khosravani, Ali and Castillo, Andrew and Kalidindi, Surya R.},
abstractNote = {Recent spherical nanoindentation protocols have proven robust at capturing the local elastic-plastic response of polycrystalline metal samples at length scales much smaller than the grain size. In this work, we extend these protocols to length scales that include multiple grains to recover microindentation stress-strain curves. These new protocols are first established in this paper and then demonstrated for Al-6061 by comparing the measured indentation stress-strain curves with the corresponding measurements from uniaxial tension tests. More specifically, the scaling factors between the uniaxial yield strength and the indentation yield strength was determined to be about 1.9, which is significantly lower than the value of 2.8 used commonly in literature. Furthermore, the reasons for this difference are discussed. Second, the benefits of these new protocols in facilitating high throughput exploration of process-property relationships are demonstrated through a simple case study.},
doi = {10.1186/s40192-016-0054-3},
journal = {Integrating Materials and Manufacturing Innovation},
issn = {2193-9764},
number = 10,
volume = 5,
place = {United States},
year = {2016},
month = {6}
}

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    Works referencing / citing this record:

    Tensile and Microindentation Stress-Strain Curves of Al-6061
    dataset, January 2016

    • Weaver, Jordan; Khosravani, Ali; Castillo, Andrew
    • Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
    • DOI: 10.17021/1265166

    Tensile and Microindentation Stress-Strain Curves of Al-6061
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    • Weaver, Jordan; Khosravani, Ali; Castillo, Andrew
    • Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
    • DOI: 10.17021/1265166

    Combinatorial Material Mechanics: High-Throughput Polymer Synthesis and Nanomechanical Screening
    journal, November 2005

    • Tweedie, C. A.; Anderson, D. G.; Langer, R.
    • Advanced Materials, Vol. 17, Issue 21
    • DOI: 10.1002/adma.200501142

    Combinatorial and High-Throughput Screening of Biomaterials
    journal, September 2010


    Combinatorial and High-Throughput Materials Science
    journal, August 2007

    • Maier, Wilhelm F.; Stöwe, Klaus; Sieg, Simone
    • Angewandte Chemie International Edition, Vol. 46, Issue 32
    • DOI: 10.1002/anie.200603675

    Post-β″ phases and their influence on microstructure and hardness in 6xxx Al-Mg-Si alloys
    journal, January 2006

    • Marioara, C. D.; Nordmark, H.; Andersen, S. J.
    • Journal of Materials Science, Vol. 41, Issue 2
    • DOI: 10.1007/s10853-005-2470-1

    Studying grain boundary regions in polycrystalline materials using spherical nano-indentation and orientation imaging microscopy
    journal, August 2011

    • Pathak, Siddhartha; Michler, Johann; Wasmer, Kilian
    • Journal of Materials Science, Vol. 47, Issue 2
    • DOI: 10.1007/s10853-011-5859-z

    A Solution of Rigid–Perfectly Plastic Deep Spherical Indentation Based on Slip-Line Theory
    journal, May 2015


    High-throughput experimental tools for the materials genome initiative
    journal, January 2014


    Microstructure evolution during hot deformation of Ti-6Al-4V double cone specimens
    journal, April 2010

    • Warchomicka, F.; Poletti, C.; Stockinger, M.
    • International Journal of Material Forming, Vol. 3, Issue S1
    • DOI: 10.1007/s12289-010-0745-9

    Sphere indentation with application to the Brinell hardness test
    journal, January 1974

    • Richmond, O.; Morrison, H. L.; Devenpeck, M. L.
    • International Journal of Mechanical Sciences, Vol. 16, Issue 1
    • DOI: 10.1016/0020-7403(74)90034-4

    Hertzian contact of anisotropic bodies
    journal, May 1966


    The correlation of indentation experiments
    journal, April 1970


    Measuring the elastic properties of anisotropic materials by means of indentation experiments
    journal, August 1994


    Combinatorial studies of mechanical properties of Ti–Al thin films using nanoindentation
    journal, April 2005


    Secondary precipitation in an Al–Mg–Si–Cu alloy
    journal, May 2007


    Determination of the effective zero-point and the extraction of spherical nanoindentation stress–strain curves
    journal, August 2008


    Measurement of the local mechanical properties in polycrystalline samples using spherical nanoindentation and orientation imaging microscopy
    journal, June 2009


    Effect of the continuous stiffness measurement on the mechanical properties extracted using spherical nanoindentation
    journal, June 2013


    Combining indentation and diffusion couple techniques for combinatorial discovery of high temperature shape memory alloys
    journal, September 2013


    Extracting single-crystal elastic constants from polycrystalline samples using spherical nanoindentation and orientation measurements
    journal, October 2014


    Grain-scale measurement of slip resistances in aluminum polycrystals using spherical nanoindentation
    journal, May 2015


    Viscoelasticity and high buckling stress of dense carbon nanotube brushes
    journal, July 2009


    Mechanical characterization of grain boundaries using nanoindentation
    journal, August 2014

    • Kalidindi, Surya R.; Vachhani, Shraddha J.
    • Current Opinion in Solid State and Materials Science, Vol. 18, Issue 4
    • DOI: 10.1016/j.cossms.2014.05.002

    Reassessing spherical indentation: Contact regimes and mechanical property extractions
    journal, October 2010


    An experimental study on size effects on flow stress and formability of aluminm and brass for microforming
    journal, April 2007


    Measuring the dynamic mechanical response of hydrated mouse bone by nanoindentation
    journal, January 2011

    • Pathak, Siddhartha; Gregory Swadener, J.; Kalidindi, Surya R.
    • Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials, Vol. 4, Issue 1
    • DOI: 10.1016/j.jmbbm.2010.09.002

    Influence of aging treatment on mechanical properties of 6061 aluminum alloy
    journal, February 2010


    On the origin of the stress decrease for nickel polycrystals with few grains across the thickness
    journal, January 2009


    General relationship between strength and hardness
    journal, November 2011


    Specimen size effects on the weakening of a bulk metastable austenitic alloy
    journal, January 2015


    Local deformation mechanisms of two-phase Ti alloy
    journal, January 2016

    • Jun, Tea-Sung; Sernicola, Giorgio; Dunne, Fionn P. E.
    • Materials Science and Engineering: A, Vol. 649
    • DOI: 10.1016/j.msea.2015.09.016

    Spherical nanoindentation stress–strain curves
    journal, May 2015


    Multidimensional contact moduli of elastically anisotropic solids
    journal, July 2007


    On the measurement of stress–strain curves by spherical indentation
    journal, November 2001


    Combinatorial and High-Throughput Screening of Materials Libraries: Review of State of the Art
    journal, August 2011

    • Potyrailo, Radislav; Rajan, Krishna; Stoewe, Klaus
    • ACS Combinatorial Science, Vol. 13, Issue 6
    • DOI: 10.1021/co200007w

    Applications of high throughput (combinatorial) methodologies to electronic, magnetic, optical, and energy-related materials
    journal, June 2013

    • Green, Martin L.; Takeuchi, Ichiro; Hattrick-Simpers, Jason R.
    • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 113, Issue 23
    • DOI: 10.1063/1.4803530

    Indentation of elastically anisotropic half-spaces by cones and parabolae of revolution
    journal, February 2001


    Indentation modulus of elastically anisotropic half spaces
    journal, May 1993


    Nanomechanical property screening of combinatorial thin-film libraries by nanoindentation
    journal, December 2004


    A Theoretical Study of the Brinell Hardness Test
    journal, June 1989

    • Hill, R.; Storakers, B.; Zdunek, A. B.
    • Proceedings of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences, Vol. 423, Issue 1865
    • DOI: 10.1098/rspa.1989.0056

    Continuous Stiffness Measurement During Instrumented Indentation Testing
    journal, January 2010


    Microscale Characterization of Mechanical Properties
    journal, August 2007


    Measurement of hardness and elastic modulus by instrumented indentation: Advances in understanding and refinements to methodology
    journal, January 2004


    On the determination of spherical nanoindentation stress–strain curves
    journal, October 2006

    • Basu, Sandip; Moseson, Alexander; Barsoum, Michel W.
    • Journal of Materials Research, Vol. 21, Issue 10
    • DOI: 10.1557/jmr.2006.0324

    Importance of surface preparation on the nano-indentation stress-strain curves measured in metals
    journal, March 2009

    • Pathak, Siddhartha; Stojakovic, Dejan; Doherty, Roger
    • Journal of Materials Research, Vol. 24, Issue 3
    • DOI: 10.1557/jmr.2009.0137

    Exploration and Development of High Entropy Alloys for Structural Applications
    journal, January 2014

    • Miracle, Daniel; Miller, Jonathan; Senkov, Oleg
    • Entropy, Vol. 16, Issue 1
    • DOI: 10.3390/e16010494