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Title: Freeze-cast alumina pore networks: Effects of freezing conditions and dispersion medium

Abstract

Alumina ceramics were freeze-cast from water- and camphene-based slurries under varying freezing conditions and examined using X-ray computed tomography (XCT). Pore network characteristics, i.e., porosity, pore size, geometric surface area, and tortuosity, were measured from XCT reconstructions and the data were used to develop a model to predict feature size from processing conditions. Classical solidification theory was used to examine relationships between pore size, temperature gradients, and freezing front velocity. Freezing front velocity was subsequently predicted from casting conditions via the two-phase Stefan problem. Resulting models for water-based samples agreed with solidification-based theories predicting lamellar spacing of binary eutectic alloys, and models for camphene-based samples concurred with those for dendritic growth. Relationships between freezing conditions and geometric surface area were also modeled by considering the inverse relationship between pore size and surface area. Tortuosity was determined to be dependent primarily on the type of dispersion medium. (C) 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Authors:
; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22); National Aeronautic and Space Administration (NASA) - Office of the Chief Technologist
OSTI Identifier:
1245821
DOE Contract Number:  
AC02-06CH11357
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Journal of the European Ceramic Society
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 35; Journal Issue: 13; Journal ID: ISSN 0955-2219
Publisher:
Elsevier
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
Directional solidification; Freeze casting; Modeling; Porous ceramics; X-ray computed tomography

Citation Formats

Miller, S. M., Xiao, X., and Faber, K. T. Freeze-cast alumina pore networks: Effects of freezing conditions and dispersion medium. United States: N. p., 2015. Web. doi:10.1016/j.jeurceramsoc.2015.05.012.
Miller, S. M., Xiao, X., & Faber, K. T. Freeze-cast alumina pore networks: Effects of freezing conditions and dispersion medium. United States. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jeurceramsoc.2015.05.012
Miller, S. M., Xiao, X., and Faber, K. T. Sun . "Freeze-cast alumina pore networks: Effects of freezing conditions and dispersion medium". United States. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jeurceramsoc.2015.05.012.
@article{osti_1245821,
title = {Freeze-cast alumina pore networks: Effects of freezing conditions and dispersion medium},
author = {Miller, S. M. and Xiao, X. and Faber, K. T.},
abstractNote = {Alumina ceramics were freeze-cast from water- and camphene-based slurries under varying freezing conditions and examined using X-ray computed tomography (XCT). Pore network characteristics, i.e., porosity, pore size, geometric surface area, and tortuosity, were measured from XCT reconstructions and the data were used to develop a model to predict feature size from processing conditions. Classical solidification theory was used to examine relationships between pore size, temperature gradients, and freezing front velocity. Freezing front velocity was subsequently predicted from casting conditions via the two-phase Stefan problem. Resulting models for water-based samples agreed with solidification-based theories predicting lamellar spacing of binary eutectic alloys, and models for camphene-based samples concurred with those for dendritic growth. Relationships between freezing conditions and geometric surface area were also modeled by considering the inverse relationship between pore size and surface area. Tortuosity was determined to be dependent primarily on the type of dispersion medium. (C) 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.},
doi = {10.1016/j.jeurceramsoc.2015.05.012},
url = {https://www.osti.gov/biblio/1245821}, journal = {Journal of the European Ceramic Society},
issn = {0955-2219},
number = 13,
volume = 35,
place = {United States},
year = {2015},
month = {11}
}