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Title: Elevated temperature tribology of cobalt and tantalum-based alloys

Abstract

This paper describes the friction and wear behavior of a Co–Cr alloy sliding on a Ta–W alloy. Measurements were performed in a pin-on-flat configuration with a hemispherically tipped Co-base alloy pin sliding on a Ta–W alloy flat from ambient to 430°C. Focused ion beam-scanning electron microscopy (FIB-SEM) and cross-sectional transmission electron microscopy (TEM) were used to identify the friction-induced changes to the chemistry and crystal structure in the subsurface regions of wear tracks. During sliding contact, transfer of material varied as a function of the test temperature, either from pin-to-flat, flat-to-pin, or both, resulting in either wear loss and/or volume gain. Friction coefficients (μ) and wear rates also varied as a function of test temperature. The lowest friction coefficient (μ=0.25) and wear rate (1×10 –4 mm 3/N•m) were observed at 430°C in argon atmosphere. This was attributed to the formation of a Co-base metal oxide layer (glaze), predominantly (Co, Cr)O with Rocksalt crystal structure, on the pin surface. Part of this oxide film transferred to the wear track on Ta–W, providing a self-mated oxide-on-oxide contact. Once the oxide glaze is formed, it is able to provide friction reduction for the entire temperature range of this study, ambient to 430°C. Furthermore,more » the results of this study indicate that glazing the surfaces of Haynes alloys with continuous layers of cobalt chrome oxide prior to wear could protect the cladded surfaces from damage.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [2];  [2];  [2]
  1. Univ. of North Texas, Denton, TX (United States)
  2. Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)
OSTI Identifier:
1235348
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1433746
Report Number(s):
SAND-2014-17398J
Journal ID: ISSN 0043-1648; PII: S0043164815000046
Grant/Contract Number:
AC04-94AL85000
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Wear
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 330-331; Journal Issue: C; Journal ID: ISSN 0043-1648
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
sliding wear; high temperature wear; cobalt alloys; tantalum alloys; glaze layer

Citation Formats

Scharf, T. W., Prasad, S. V., Kotula, P. G., Michael, J. R., and Robino, C. V. Elevated temperature tribology of cobalt and tantalum-based alloys. United States: N. p., 2014. Web. doi:10.1016/j.wear.2014.12.051.
Scharf, T. W., Prasad, S. V., Kotula, P. G., Michael, J. R., & Robino, C. V. Elevated temperature tribology of cobalt and tantalum-based alloys. United States. doi:10.1016/j.wear.2014.12.051.
Scharf, T. W., Prasad, S. V., Kotula, P. G., Michael, J. R., and Robino, C. V. Wed . "Elevated temperature tribology of cobalt and tantalum-based alloys". United States. doi:10.1016/j.wear.2014.12.051. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1235348.
@article{osti_1235348,
title = {Elevated temperature tribology of cobalt and tantalum-based alloys},
author = {Scharf, T. W. and Prasad, S. V. and Kotula, P. G. and Michael, J. R. and Robino, C. V.},
abstractNote = {This paper describes the friction and wear behavior of a Co–Cr alloy sliding on a Ta–W alloy. Measurements were performed in a pin-on-flat configuration with a hemispherically tipped Co-base alloy pin sliding on a Ta–W alloy flat from ambient to 430°C. Focused ion beam-scanning electron microscopy (FIB-SEM) and cross-sectional transmission electron microscopy (TEM) were used to identify the friction-induced changes to the chemistry and crystal structure in the subsurface regions of wear tracks. During sliding contact, transfer of material varied as a function of the test temperature, either from pin-to-flat, flat-to-pin, or both, resulting in either wear loss and/or volume gain. Friction coefficients (μ) and wear rates also varied as a function of test temperature. The lowest friction coefficient (μ=0.25) and wear rate (1×10–4 mm3/N•m) were observed at 430°C in argon atmosphere. This was attributed to the formation of a Co-base metal oxide layer (glaze), predominantly (Co, Cr)O with Rocksalt crystal structure, on the pin surface. Part of this oxide film transferred to the wear track on Ta–W, providing a self-mated oxide-on-oxide contact. Once the oxide glaze is formed, it is able to provide friction reduction for the entire temperature range of this study, ambient to 430°C. Furthermore, the results of this study indicate that glazing the surfaces of Haynes alloys with continuous layers of cobalt chrome oxide prior to wear could protect the cladded surfaces from damage.},
doi = {10.1016/j.wear.2014.12.051},
journal = {Wear},
number = C,
volume = 330-331,
place = {United States},
year = {Wed Dec 31 00:00:00 EST 2014},
month = {Wed Dec 31 00:00:00 EST 2014}
}

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