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Title: Alternating-gradient canted cosine theta superconducting magnets for future compact proton gantries

Abstract

We present a design of superconducting magnets, optimized for application in a gantry for proton therapy. We have introduced a new magnet design concept, called an alternating-gradient canted cosine theta (AG-CCT) concept, which is compatible with an achromatic layout. This layout allows a large momentum acceptance. The 15 cm radius of the bore aperture enables the application of pencil beam scanning in front of the SC-magnet. The optical and dynamic performance of a gantry based on these magnets has been analyzed using the fields derived (via Biot-Savart law) from the actual windings of the AG-CCT combined with the full equations of motion. The results show that with appropriate higher order correction, a large 3D volume can be rapidly scanned with little beam shape distortion. A very big advantage is that all this can be done while keeping the AG-CCT fields fixed. This reduces the need for fast field ramping of the superconducting magnets between the successive beam energies used for the scanning in depth and it is important for medical application since this reduces the technical risk (e.g., a quench) associated with fast field changes in superconducting magnets. For proton gantries the corresponding superconducting magnet system holds promise of dramaticmore » reduction in weight. For heavier ion gantries there may furthermore be a significant reduction in size.« less

Authors:
; ; ; ; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC)
OSTI Identifier:
1224659
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1378603
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-05CH11231
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Published Article
Journal Name:
Physical Review Special Topics. Accelerators and Beams
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Physical Review Special Topics. Accelerators and Beams Journal Volume: 18 Journal Issue: 10; Journal ID: ISSN 1098-4402
Publisher:
American Physical Society
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY; 42 ENGINEERING

Citation Formats

Wan, Weishi, Brouwer, Lucas, Caspi, Shlomo, Prestemon, Soren, Gerbershagen, Alexander, Schippers, Jacobus Maarten, and Robin, David. Alternating-gradient canted cosine theta superconducting magnets for future compact proton gantries. United States: N. p., 2015. Web. doi:10.1103/PhysRevSTAB.18.103501.
Wan, Weishi, Brouwer, Lucas, Caspi, Shlomo, Prestemon, Soren, Gerbershagen, Alexander, Schippers, Jacobus Maarten, & Robin, David. Alternating-gradient canted cosine theta superconducting magnets for future compact proton gantries. United States. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevSTAB.18.103501
Wan, Weishi, Brouwer, Lucas, Caspi, Shlomo, Prestemon, Soren, Gerbershagen, Alexander, Schippers, Jacobus Maarten, and Robin, David. 2015. "Alternating-gradient canted cosine theta superconducting magnets for future compact proton gantries". United States. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevSTAB.18.103501.
@article{osti_1224659,
title = {Alternating-gradient canted cosine theta superconducting magnets for future compact proton gantries},
author = {Wan, Weishi and Brouwer, Lucas and Caspi, Shlomo and Prestemon, Soren and Gerbershagen, Alexander and Schippers, Jacobus Maarten and Robin, David},
abstractNote = {We present a design of superconducting magnets, optimized for application in a gantry for proton therapy. We have introduced a new magnet design concept, called an alternating-gradient canted cosine theta (AG-CCT) concept, which is compatible with an achromatic layout. This layout allows a large momentum acceptance. The 15 cm radius of the bore aperture enables the application of pencil beam scanning in front of the SC-magnet. The optical and dynamic performance of a gantry based on these magnets has been analyzed using the fields derived (via Biot-Savart law) from the actual windings of the AG-CCT combined with the full equations of motion. The results show that with appropriate higher order correction, a large 3D volume can be rapidly scanned with little beam shape distortion. A very big advantage is that all this can be done while keeping the AG-CCT fields fixed. This reduces the need for fast field ramping of the superconducting magnets between the successive beam energies used for the scanning in depth and it is important for medical application since this reduces the technical risk (e.g., a quench) associated with fast field changes in superconducting magnets. For proton gantries the corresponding superconducting magnet system holds promise of dramatic reduction in weight. For heavier ion gantries there may furthermore be a significant reduction in size.},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevSTAB.18.103501},
url = {https://www.osti.gov/biblio/1224659}, journal = {Physical Review Special Topics. Accelerators and Beams},
issn = {1098-4402},
number = 10,
volume = 18,
place = {United States},
year = {2015},
month = {10}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record at https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevSTAB.18.103501

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 5 works
Citation information provided by
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Works referenced in this record:

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