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Title: Assessment of Pellet-Clad Interaction Indicators in Watts Bar Unit 1 using the VERA Framework

Abstract

The Consortium for Advanced Simulation of Light Water Reactors (CASL) aims to provide high-fidelity, multiphysics simulations of light water reactors (LWRs) by coupling a variety of codes within the Virtual Environment for Reactor Analysis (VERA). One of the primary goals of CASL is to predict local cladding failure through pellet-clad interaction (PCI). This capability is currently being pursued through several different approaches, such as with Tiamat, which is a simulation tool within VERA that more tightly couples the MPACT neutron transport solver, the CTF thermal hydraulics solver, and the MOOSE-based Bison-CASL fuel performance code. However, the process in this paper focuses on running fuel performance calculations with Bison-CASL to predict PCI using the multicycle output data from coupled neutron transport/thermal hydraulics simulations. In recent work within CASL, Watts Bar Unit 1 has been simulated over 12 cycles using the VERA core simulator capability based on MPACT and CTF. Using the output from these simulations, Bison-CASL results can be obtained without rerunning all 12 cycles, while providing some insight into PCI indicators. Multi-cycle Bison-CASL results are presented and compared against results from the FRAPCON fuel performance code. There are several quantities of interest in considering PCI and subsequent fuel rod failures,more » such as the clad hoop stress and maximum centerline fuel temperature, particularly as a function of time. Bison-CASL performs single-rod simulations using representative power and temperature distributions, providing high-resolution results for these and a number of other quantities. This will assist in identifying fuels rods as potential failure locations for use in further analyses.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [1];  [2];  [3]
  1. ORNL
  2. Sandia National Laboratory (SNL)
  3. Pennsylvania State University
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1223671
DOE Contract Number:  
DE-AC05-00OR22725
Resource Type:
Conference
Resource Relation:
Conference: PHYSOR 2016, Sun Valley, ID, USA, 20160501, 20160505
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
21 SPECIFIC NUCLEAR REACTORS AND ASSOCIATED PLANTS

Citation Formats

Stimpson, Shane G, Powers, Jeffrey J, Clarno, Kevin T, Pawlowski, Roger, and Bratton, Ryan. Assessment of Pellet-Clad Interaction Indicators in Watts Bar Unit 1 using the VERA Framework. United States: N. p., 2015. Web.
Stimpson, Shane G, Powers, Jeffrey J, Clarno, Kevin T, Pawlowski, Roger, & Bratton, Ryan. Assessment of Pellet-Clad Interaction Indicators in Watts Bar Unit 1 using the VERA Framework. United States.
Stimpson, Shane G, Powers, Jeffrey J, Clarno, Kevin T, Pawlowski, Roger, and Bratton, Ryan. Thu . "Assessment of Pellet-Clad Interaction Indicators in Watts Bar Unit 1 using the VERA Framework". United States. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1223671.
@article{osti_1223671,
title = {Assessment of Pellet-Clad Interaction Indicators in Watts Bar Unit 1 using the VERA Framework},
author = {Stimpson, Shane G and Powers, Jeffrey J and Clarno, Kevin T and Pawlowski, Roger and Bratton, Ryan},
abstractNote = {The Consortium for Advanced Simulation of Light Water Reactors (CASL) aims to provide high-fidelity, multiphysics simulations of light water reactors (LWRs) by coupling a variety of codes within the Virtual Environment for Reactor Analysis (VERA). One of the primary goals of CASL is to predict local cladding failure through pellet-clad interaction (PCI). This capability is currently being pursued through several different approaches, such as with Tiamat, which is a simulation tool within VERA that more tightly couples the MPACT neutron transport solver, the CTF thermal hydraulics solver, and the MOOSE-based Bison-CASL fuel performance code. However, the process in this paper focuses on running fuel performance calculations with Bison-CASL to predict PCI using the multicycle output data from coupled neutron transport/thermal hydraulics simulations. In recent work within CASL, Watts Bar Unit 1 has been simulated over 12 cycles using the VERA core simulator capability based on MPACT and CTF. Using the output from these simulations, Bison-CASL results can be obtained without rerunning all 12 cycles, while providing some insight into PCI indicators. Multi-cycle Bison-CASL results are presented and compared against results from the FRAPCON fuel performance code. There are several quantities of interest in considering PCI and subsequent fuel rod failures, such as the clad hoop stress and maximum centerline fuel temperature, particularly as a function of time. Bison-CASL performs single-rod simulations using representative power and temperature distributions, providing high-resolution results for these and a number of other quantities. This will assist in identifying fuels rods as potential failure locations for use in further analyses.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2015},
month = {1}
}

Conference:
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