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Title: High Dose Neutron Irradiation of Hi-Nicalon Type S Silicon Carbide Composites, Part 2. Mechanical and Physical Properties

Abstract

Nuclear-grade silicon carbide (SiC) composite material was examined for mechanical and thermophysical properties following high-dose neutron irradiation in the High Flux Isotope Reactor at a temperature range of 573–1073 K. Likewise, the material was chemical vapor-infiltrated SiC-matrix composite with a two-dimensional satin weave Hi-Nicalon Type S SiC fiber reinforcement and a multilayered pyrocarbon/SiC interphase. Moderate (1073 K) to very severe (573 K) degradation in mechanical properties was found after irradiation to >70 dpa, whereas no evidence was found for progressive evolution in swelling and thermal conductivity. The swelling was found to recover upon annealing beyond the irradiation temperature, indicating the irradiation temperature, but only to a limited extent. Moreover, the observed strength degradation is attributed primarily to fiber damage for all irradiation temperatures, particularly a combination of severe fiber degradation and likely interphase damage at relatively low irradiation temperatures.

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1]
  1. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
  2. Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA), Aomori-ken (Japan)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States). High Flux Isotope Reactor (HFIR)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Fusion Energy Sciences (FES) (SC-24)
OSTI Identifier:
1195802
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1246604
Grant/Contract Number:
AC05-00OR22725
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Nuclear Materials
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 462; Journal Issue: 6; Journal ID: ISSN 0022-3115
Publisher:
Elsevier
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
38 RADIATION CHEMISTRY, RADIOCHEMISTRY, AND NUCLEAR CHEMISTRY; 36 MATERIALS SCIENCE

Citation Formats

Katoh, Yutai, Nozawa, Takashi, Shih, Chunghao Phillip, Ozawa, Kazumi, Koyanagi, Takaaki, Porter, Wallace D, and Snead, Lance Lewis. High Dose Neutron Irradiation of Hi-Nicalon Type S Silicon Carbide Composites, Part 2. Mechanical and Physical Properties. United States: N. p., 2015. Web. doi:10.1016/j.jnucmat.2014.12.121.
Katoh, Yutai, Nozawa, Takashi, Shih, Chunghao Phillip, Ozawa, Kazumi, Koyanagi, Takaaki, Porter, Wallace D, & Snead, Lance Lewis. High Dose Neutron Irradiation of Hi-Nicalon Type S Silicon Carbide Composites, Part 2. Mechanical and Physical Properties. United States. doi:10.1016/j.jnucmat.2014.12.121.
Katoh, Yutai, Nozawa, Takashi, Shih, Chunghao Phillip, Ozawa, Kazumi, Koyanagi, Takaaki, Porter, Wallace D, and Snead, Lance Lewis. Wed . "High Dose Neutron Irradiation of Hi-Nicalon Type S Silicon Carbide Composites, Part 2. Mechanical and Physical Properties". United States. doi:10.1016/j.jnucmat.2014.12.121. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1195802.
@article{osti_1195802,
title = {High Dose Neutron Irradiation of Hi-Nicalon Type S Silicon Carbide Composites, Part 2. Mechanical and Physical Properties},
author = {Katoh, Yutai and Nozawa, Takashi and Shih, Chunghao Phillip and Ozawa, Kazumi and Koyanagi, Takaaki and Porter, Wallace D and Snead, Lance Lewis},
abstractNote = {Nuclear-grade silicon carbide (SiC) composite material was examined for mechanical and thermophysical properties following high-dose neutron irradiation in the High Flux Isotope Reactor at a temperature range of 573–1073 K. Likewise, the material was chemical vapor-infiltrated SiC-matrix composite with a two-dimensional satin weave Hi-Nicalon Type S SiC fiber reinforcement and a multilayered pyrocarbon/SiC interphase. Moderate (1073 K) to very severe (573 K) degradation in mechanical properties was found after irradiation to >70 dpa, whereas no evidence was found for progressive evolution in swelling and thermal conductivity. The swelling was found to recover upon annealing beyond the irradiation temperature, indicating the irradiation temperature, but only to a limited extent. Moreover, the observed strength degradation is attributed primarily to fiber damage for all irradiation temperatures, particularly a combination of severe fiber degradation and likely interphase damage at relatively low irradiation temperatures.},
doi = {10.1016/j.jnucmat.2014.12.121},
journal = {Journal of Nuclear Materials},
number = 6,
volume = 462,
place = {United States},
year = {Wed Jan 07 00:00:00 EST 2015},
month = {Wed Jan 07 00:00:00 EST 2015}
}

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Cited by: 11 works
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