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Title: Derivation of an observation-based map of North African dust emission

Abstract

Changes in the emission, transport and deposition of aeolian dust have profound effects on regional climate, so that characterizing the lifecycle of dust in observations and improving the representation of dust in global climate models is necessary. A fundamental aspect of characterizing the dust cycle is quantifying surface dust fluxes, yet no spatially explicit estimates of this flux exist for the World’s major source regions. Here we present a novel technique for creating a map of the annual mean emitted dust flux for North Africa based on retrievals of dust storm frequency from the Meteosat Second Generation Spinning Enhanced Visible and InfraRed Imager (SEVIRI) and the relationship between dust storm frequency and emitted mass flux derived from the output of five models that simulate dust. Our results suggest that 64 (±16)% of all dust emitted from North Africa is from the Bodélé depression, and that 13 (±3)% of the North African dust flux is from a depression lying in the lee of the Aïr and Hoggar Mountains, making this area the second most important region of emission within North Africa.

Authors:
; ; ; ; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1184910
Report Number(s):
PNNL-SA-108139
KP1703010
DOE Contract Number:  
AC05-76RL01830
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Aeolian Research, 16:153–162
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English

Citation Formats

Evan, Amato T., Fiedler, Stephanie, Zhao, Chun, Menut, Laurent, Schepanski, Kerstin, Flamant, C., and Doherty, Owen. Derivation of an observation-based map of North African dust emission. United States: N. p., 2015. Web. doi:10.1016/j.aeolia.2015.01.001.
Evan, Amato T., Fiedler, Stephanie, Zhao, Chun, Menut, Laurent, Schepanski, Kerstin, Flamant, C., & Doherty, Owen. Derivation of an observation-based map of North African dust emission. United States. doi:10.1016/j.aeolia.2015.01.001.
Evan, Amato T., Fiedler, Stephanie, Zhao, Chun, Menut, Laurent, Schepanski, Kerstin, Flamant, C., and Doherty, Owen. Sun . "Derivation of an observation-based map of North African dust emission". United States. doi:10.1016/j.aeolia.2015.01.001.
@article{osti_1184910,
title = {Derivation of an observation-based map of North African dust emission},
author = {Evan, Amato T. and Fiedler, Stephanie and Zhao, Chun and Menut, Laurent and Schepanski, Kerstin and Flamant, C. and Doherty, Owen},
abstractNote = {Changes in the emission, transport and deposition of aeolian dust have profound effects on regional climate, so that characterizing the lifecycle of dust in observations and improving the representation of dust in global climate models is necessary. A fundamental aspect of characterizing the dust cycle is quantifying surface dust fluxes, yet no spatially explicit estimates of this flux exist for the World’s major source regions. Here we present a novel technique for creating a map of the annual mean emitted dust flux for North Africa based on retrievals of dust storm frequency from the Meteosat Second Generation Spinning Enhanced Visible and InfraRed Imager (SEVIRI) and the relationship between dust storm frequency and emitted mass flux derived from the output of five models that simulate dust. Our results suggest that 64 (±16)% of all dust emitted from North Africa is from the Bodélé depression, and that 13 (±3)% of the North African dust flux is from a depression lying in the lee of the Aïr and Hoggar Mountains, making this area the second most important region of emission within North Africa.},
doi = {10.1016/j.aeolia.2015.01.001},
journal = {Aeolian Research, 16:153–162},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {Sun Mar 01 00:00:00 EST 2015},
month = {Sun Mar 01 00:00:00 EST 2015}
}