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Title: Eigenmode analysis of a high-gain free-electron laser based on a transverse gradient undulator

Abstract

Here, the use of a transverse gradient undulator (TGU) is viewed as an attractive option for free-electron lasers (FELs) driven by beams with a large energy spread. By suitably dispersing the electron beam and tilting the undulator poles, the energy spread effect can be substantially mitigated. However, adding the dispersion typically leads to electron beams with large aspect ratios. As a result, the presence of higher-order modes in the FEL radiation can become significant. To investigate this effect, we study the eigenmode properties of a TGU-based, high-gain FEL, using both an analytically-solvable model and a variational technique. Our analysis, which includes the fundamental and the higher-order FEL eigenmodes, can provide an estimate of the mode content for the output radiation. This formalism also enables us to study the trade-off between FEL gain and transverse coherence. Numerical results are presented for a representative soft X-ray, TGU FEL example.

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [1];  [2]
  1. SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States)
  2. Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1181185
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1307563
Grant/Contract Number:
AC02-76SF00515; AC02-05CH11231
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Published Article
Journal Name:
Physical Review Special Topics. Accelerators and Beams
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 18; Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 1098-4402
Publisher:
American Physical Society (APS)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
47 OTHER INSTRUMENTATION

Citation Formats

Baxevanis, Panagiotis, Huang, Zhirong, Ruth, Ronald, and Schroeder, Carl B. Eigenmode analysis of a high-gain free-electron laser based on a transverse gradient undulator. United States: N. p., 2015. Web. doi:10.1103/PhysRevSTAB.18.010701.
Baxevanis, Panagiotis, Huang, Zhirong, Ruth, Ronald, & Schroeder, Carl B. Eigenmode analysis of a high-gain free-electron laser based on a transverse gradient undulator. United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevSTAB.18.010701.
Baxevanis, Panagiotis, Huang, Zhirong, Ruth, Ronald, and Schroeder, Carl B. Tue . "Eigenmode analysis of a high-gain free-electron laser based on a transverse gradient undulator". United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevSTAB.18.010701.
@article{osti_1181185,
title = {Eigenmode analysis of a high-gain free-electron laser based on a transverse gradient undulator},
author = {Baxevanis, Panagiotis and Huang, Zhirong and Ruth, Ronald and Schroeder, Carl B.},
abstractNote = {Here, the use of a transverse gradient undulator (TGU) is viewed as an attractive option for free-electron lasers (FELs) driven by beams with a large energy spread. By suitably dispersing the electron beam and tilting the undulator poles, the energy spread effect can be substantially mitigated. However, adding the dispersion typically leads to electron beams with large aspect ratios. As a result, the presence of higher-order modes in the FEL radiation can become significant. To investigate this effect, we study the eigenmode properties of a TGU-based, high-gain FEL, using both an analytically-solvable model and a variational technique. Our analysis, which includes the fundamental and the higher-order FEL eigenmodes, can provide an estimate of the mode content for the output radiation. This formalism also enables us to study the trade-off between FEL gain and transverse coherence. Numerical results are presented for a representative soft X-ray, TGU FEL example.},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevSTAB.18.010701},
journal = {Physical Review Special Topics. Accelerators and Beams},
number = 1,
volume = 18,
place = {United States},
year = {Tue Jan 27 00:00:00 EST 2015},
month = {Tue Jan 27 00:00:00 EST 2015}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record at 10.1103/PhysRevSTAB.18.010701

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Cited by: 7 works
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