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Title: Phenomenology of Dirac Neutralino Dark Matter

Abstract

In supersymmetric models with an unbroken R-symmetry (rather than only R-parity), the neutralinos are Dirac fermions rather than Majorana. In this article, we discuss the phenomenology of neutralino dark matter in such models, including the calculation of the thermal relic abundance, and constraints and prospects for direct and indirect searches. Due to the large elastic scattering cross sections with nuclei predicted in R-symmetric models, we are forced to consider a neutralino that is predominantly bino, with very little higgsino mixing. We find a large region of parameter space in which bino-like Dirac neutralinos with masses between 10 and 380 GeV can annihilate through slepton exchange to provide a thermal relic abundance in agreement with the observed cosmological density, without relying on coannihilations or resonant annihilations. The signatures for the indirect detection of Dirac neutralinos are very different than predicted in the Majorana case, with annihilations proceeding dominately to $$\tau^+ \tau^-$$, $$\mu^+ \mu^-$$ and $$e^+ e^-$$ final states, without the standard chirality suppression. And unlike Majorana dark matter candidates, Dirac neutralinos experience spin-independent scattering with nuclei through vector couplings (via $$Z$$ and squark exchange), leading to potentially large rates at direct detection experiments. These and other characteristics make Dirac neutralinos potentiallymore » interesting within the context of recent direct and indirect detection anomalies. We also discuss the case in which the introduction of a small Majorana mass term breaks the $$R$$-symmetry, splitting the Dirac neutralino into a pair of nearly degenerate Majorana states.« less

Authors:
; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Fermi National Accelerator Lab. (FNAL), Batavia, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), High Energy Physics (HEP) (SC-25)
OSTI Identifier:
1155843
Report Number(s):
FERMILAB-PUB-13-256-A
Journal ID: ISSN 1550-7998; arXiv eprint number arXiv:1307.3561
DOE Contract Number:  
AC02-07CH11359
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Physical Review. D, Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 88; Journal Issue: 6; Journal ID: ISSN 1550-7998
Publisher:
American Physical Society (APS)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
72 PHYSICS OF ELEMENTARY PARTICLES AND FIELDS

Citation Formats

Buckley, Matthew R., Hooper, Dan, and Kumar, Jason. Phenomenology of Dirac Neutralino Dark Matter. United States: N. p., 2013. Web. doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.88.063532.
Buckley, Matthew R., Hooper, Dan, & Kumar, Jason. Phenomenology of Dirac Neutralino Dark Matter. United States. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevD.88.063532
Buckley, Matthew R., Hooper, Dan, and Kumar, Jason. Sun . "Phenomenology of Dirac Neutralino Dark Matter". United States. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevD.88.063532. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1155843.
@article{osti_1155843,
title = {Phenomenology of Dirac Neutralino Dark Matter},
author = {Buckley, Matthew R. and Hooper, Dan and Kumar, Jason},
abstractNote = {In supersymmetric models with an unbroken R-symmetry (rather than only R-parity), the neutralinos are Dirac fermions rather than Majorana. In this article, we discuss the phenomenology of neutralino dark matter in such models, including the calculation of the thermal relic abundance, and constraints and prospects for direct and indirect searches. Due to the large elastic scattering cross sections with nuclei predicted in R-symmetric models, we are forced to consider a neutralino that is predominantly bino, with very little higgsino mixing. We find a large region of parameter space in which bino-like Dirac neutralinos with masses between 10 and 380 GeV can annihilate through slepton exchange to provide a thermal relic abundance in agreement with the observed cosmological density, without relying on coannihilations or resonant annihilations. The signatures for the indirect detection of Dirac neutralinos are very different than predicted in the Majorana case, with annihilations proceeding dominately to $\tau^+ \tau^-$, $\mu^+ \mu^-$ and $e^+ e^-$ final states, without the standard chirality suppression. And unlike Majorana dark matter candidates, Dirac neutralinos experience spin-independent scattering with nuclei through vector couplings (via $Z$ and squark exchange), leading to potentially large rates at direct detection experiments. These and other characteristics make Dirac neutralinos potentially interesting within the context of recent direct and indirect detection anomalies. We also discuss the case in which the introduction of a small Majorana mass term breaks the $R$-symmetry, splitting the Dirac neutralino into a pair of nearly degenerate Majorana states.},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevD.88.063532},
url = {https://www.osti.gov/biblio/1155843}, journal = {Physical Review. D, Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology},
issn = {1550-7998},
number = 6,
volume = 88,
place = {United States},
year = {2013},
month = {9}
}