# Experimental Analysis of a Piezoelectric Energy Harvesting System for Harmonic, Random, and Sine on Random Vibration

## Abstract

Formal journal article Experimental analysis of a piezoelectric energy harvesting system for harmonic, random, and sine on random vibration Abstract: Harvesting power with a piezoelectric vibration powered generator using a full-wave rectifier conditioning circuit is experimentally compared for varying sinusoidal, random and sine on random (SOR) input vibration scenarios. Additionally, the implications of source vibration characteristics on harvester design are discussed. Studies in vibration harvesting have yielded numerous alternatives for harvesting electrical energy from vibrations but piezoceramics arose as the most compact, energy dense means of energy transduction. The rise in popularity of harvesting energy from ambient vibrations has made piezoelectric generators commercially available. Much of the available literature focuses on maximizing harvested power through nonlinear processing circuits that require accurate knowledge of generator internal mechanical and electrical characteristics and idealization of the input vibration source, which cannot be assumed in general application. In this manuscript, variations in source vibration and load resistance are explored for a commercially available piezoelectric generator. We characterize the source vibration by its acceleration response for repeatability and transcription to general application. The results agree with numerical and theoretical predictions for in previous literature that load optimal resistance varies with transducer natural frequency and sourcemore »

- Authors:

- Publication Date:

- Research Org.:
- Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)

- Sponsoring Org.:
- USDOE

- OSTI Identifier:
- 1091976

- Report Number(s):
- PNNL-22311

400403209

- DOE Contract Number:
- AC05-76RL01830

- Resource Type:
- Journal Article

- Journal Name:
- Advances in Acoustics and Vibration, 2013:Article No. 241025

- Additional Journal Information:
- Journal Name: Advances in Acoustics and Vibration, 2013:Article No. 241025

- Country of Publication:
- United States

- Language:
- English

- Subject:
- energy harvesting; SHM; MEMS; vibration; transducer; piezoelectric; health monitoring; alternative power

### Citation Formats

```
Cryns, Jackson W., Hatchell, Brian K., Santiago-Rojas, Emiliano, and Silvers, Kurt L.
```*Experimental Analysis of a Piezoelectric Energy Harvesting System for Harmonic, Random, and Sine on Random Vibration*. United States: N. p., 2013.
Web. doi:10.1155/2013/241025.

```
Cryns, Jackson W., Hatchell, Brian K., Santiago-Rojas, Emiliano, & Silvers, Kurt L.
```*Experimental Analysis of a Piezoelectric Energy Harvesting System for Harmonic, Random, and Sine on Random Vibration*. United States. doi:10.1155/2013/241025.

```
Cryns, Jackson W., Hatchell, Brian K., Santiago-Rojas, Emiliano, and Silvers, Kurt L. Mon .
"Experimental Analysis of a Piezoelectric Energy Harvesting System for Harmonic, Random, and Sine on Random Vibration". United States. doi:10.1155/2013/241025.
```

```
@article{osti_1091976,
```

title = {Experimental Analysis of a Piezoelectric Energy Harvesting System for Harmonic, Random, and Sine on Random Vibration},

author = {Cryns, Jackson W. and Hatchell, Brian K. and Santiago-Rojas, Emiliano and Silvers, Kurt L.},

abstractNote = {Formal journal article Experimental analysis of a piezoelectric energy harvesting system for harmonic, random, and sine on random vibration Abstract: Harvesting power with a piezoelectric vibration powered generator using a full-wave rectifier conditioning circuit is experimentally compared for varying sinusoidal, random and sine on random (SOR) input vibration scenarios. Additionally, the implications of source vibration characteristics on harvester design are discussed. Studies in vibration harvesting have yielded numerous alternatives for harvesting electrical energy from vibrations but piezoceramics arose as the most compact, energy dense means of energy transduction. The rise in popularity of harvesting energy from ambient vibrations has made piezoelectric generators commercially available. Much of the available literature focuses on maximizing harvested power through nonlinear processing circuits that require accurate knowledge of generator internal mechanical and electrical characteristics and idealization of the input vibration source, which cannot be assumed in general application. In this manuscript, variations in source vibration and load resistance are explored for a commercially available piezoelectric generator. We characterize the source vibration by its acceleration response for repeatability and transcription to general application. The results agree with numerical and theoretical predictions for in previous literature that load optimal resistance varies with transducer natural frequency and source type, and the findings demonstrate that significant gains are seen with lower tuned transducer natural frequencies for similar source amplitudes. Going beyond idealized steady state sinusoidal and simplified random vibration input, SOR testing allows for more accurate representation of real world ambient vibration. It is shown that characteristic interactions from more complex vibrational sources significantly alter power generation and power processing requirements by increasing harvested power, shifting optimal conditioning impedance, inducing significant voltage supply fluctuations and ultimately rendering idealized sinusoidal and random analyses insufficient.},

doi = {10.1155/2013/241025},

journal = {Advances in Acoustics and Vibration, 2013:Article No. 241025},

number = ,

volume = ,

place = {United States},

year = {2013},

month = {7}

}