# Discrete Ordinate Quadrature Selection for Reactor-based Eigenvalue Problems

## Abstract

In this paper we analyze the effect of various quadrature sets on the eigenvalues of several reactor-based problems, including a two-dimensional (2D) fuel pin, a 2D lattice of fuel pins, and a three-dimensional (3D) reactor core problem. While many quadrature sets have been applied to neutral particle discrete ordinate transport calculations, the Level Symmetric (LS) and the Gauss-Chebyshev product (GC) sets are the most widely used in production-level reactor simulations. Other quadrature sets, such as Quadruple Range (QR) sets, have been shown to be more accurate in shielding applications. In this paper, we compare the LS, GC, QR, and the recently developed linear-discontinuous finite element (LDFE) sets, as well as give a brief overview of other proposed quadrature sets. We show that, for a given number of angles, the QR sets are more accurate than the LS and GC in all types of reactor problems analyzed (2D and 3D). We also show that the LDFE sets are more accurate than the LS and GC sets for these problems. We conclude that, for problems where tens to hundreds of quadrature points (directions) per octant are appropriate, QR sets should regularly be used because they have similar integration properties as the LSmore »

- Authors:

- ORNL

- Publication Date:

- Research Org.:
- Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)

- Sponsoring Org.:
- USDOE

- OSTI Identifier:
- 1083720

- DOE Contract Number:
- DE-AC05-00OR22725

- Resource Type:
- Conference

- Resource Relation:
- Conference: International Conference on Mathematics and Computational Methods Applied to Nuclear Science & Engineering (M&C 2013), Sun Valley, ID, USA, 20130505, 20130509

- Country of Publication:
- United States

- Language:
- English

- Subject:
- Quadrature; Discrete Ordinates; Reactor Physics; Eigenvalue

### Citation Formats

```
Jarrell, Joshua J, Evans, Thomas M, and Davidson, Gregory G.
```*Discrete Ordinate Quadrature Selection for Reactor-based Eigenvalue Problems*. United States: N. p., 2013.
Web.

```
Jarrell, Joshua J, Evans, Thomas M, & Davidson, Gregory G.
```*Discrete Ordinate Quadrature Selection for Reactor-based Eigenvalue Problems*. United States.

```
Jarrell, Joshua J, Evans, Thomas M, and Davidson, Gregory G. Tue .
"Discrete Ordinate Quadrature Selection for Reactor-based Eigenvalue Problems". United States.
```

```
@article{osti_1083720,
```

title = {Discrete Ordinate Quadrature Selection for Reactor-based Eigenvalue Problems},

author = {Jarrell, Joshua J and Evans, Thomas M and Davidson, Gregory G},

abstractNote = {In this paper we analyze the effect of various quadrature sets on the eigenvalues of several reactor-based problems, including a two-dimensional (2D) fuel pin, a 2D lattice of fuel pins, and a three-dimensional (3D) reactor core problem. While many quadrature sets have been applied to neutral particle discrete ordinate transport calculations, the Level Symmetric (LS) and the Gauss-Chebyshev product (GC) sets are the most widely used in production-level reactor simulations. Other quadrature sets, such as Quadruple Range (QR) sets, have been shown to be more accurate in shielding applications. In this paper, we compare the LS, GC, QR, and the recently developed linear-discontinuous finite element (LDFE) sets, as well as give a brief overview of other proposed quadrature sets. We show that, for a given number of angles, the QR sets are more accurate than the LS and GC in all types of reactor problems analyzed (2D and 3D). We also show that the LDFE sets are more accurate than the LS and GC sets for these problems. We conclude that, for problems where tens to hundreds of quadrature points (directions) per octant are appropriate, QR sets should regularly be used because they have similar integration properties as the LS and GC sets, have no noticeable impact on the speed of convergence of the solution when compared with other quadrature sets, and yield more accurate results. We note that, for very high-order scattering problems, the QR sets exactly integrate fewer angular flux moments over the unit sphere than the GC sets. The effects of those inexact integrations have yet to be analyzed. We also note that the LDFE sets only exactly integrate the zeroth and first angular flux moments. Pin power comparisons and analyses are not included in this paper and are left for future work.},

doi = {},

journal = {},

number = ,

volume = ,

place = {United States},

year = {2013},

month = {1}

}