skip to main content
OSTI.GOV title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Low sintering temperature glass waste forms for sequestering radioactive iodine

Abstract

Materials and methods of making low-sintering-temperature glass waste forms that sequester radioactive iodine in a strong and durable structure. First, the iodine is captured by an adsorbant, which forms an iodine-loaded material, e.g., AgI, AgI-zeolite, AgI-mordenite, Ag-silica aerogel, ZnI.sub.2, CuI, or Bi.sub.5O.sub.7I. Next, particles of the iodine-loaded material are mixed with powdered frits of low-sintering-temperature glasses (comprising various oxides of Si, B, Bi, Pb, and Zn), and then sintered at a relatively low temperature, ranging from 425.degree. C. to 550.degree. C. The sintering converts the mixed powders into a solid block of a glassy waste form, having low iodine leaching rates. The vitrified glassy waste form can contain as much as 60 wt % AgI. A preferred glass, having a sintering temperature of 500.degree. C. (below the silver iodide sublimation temperature of 500.degree. C.) was identified that contains oxides of boron, bismuth, and zinc, while containing essentially no lead or silicon.

Inventors:
; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1078337
Patent Number(s):
8,262,950
Application Number:
12/727,353
Assignee:
Sandia Corporation (Albuquerque, NM)
DOE Contract Number:  
AC04-94AL85000
Resource Type:
Patent
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
38 RADIATION CHEMISTRY, RADIOCHEMISTRY, AND NUCLEAR CHEMISTRY

Citation Formats

Nenoff, Tina M., Krumhansl, James L., Garino, Terry J., and Ockwig, Nathan W. Low sintering temperature glass waste forms for sequestering radioactive iodine. United States: N. p., 2012. Web.
Nenoff, Tina M., Krumhansl, James L., Garino, Terry J., & Ockwig, Nathan W. Low sintering temperature glass waste forms for sequestering radioactive iodine. United States.
Nenoff, Tina M., Krumhansl, James L., Garino, Terry J., and Ockwig, Nathan W. Tue . "Low sintering temperature glass waste forms for sequestering radioactive iodine". United States. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1078337.
@article{osti_1078337,
title = {Low sintering temperature glass waste forms for sequestering radioactive iodine},
author = {Nenoff, Tina M. and Krumhansl, James L. and Garino, Terry J. and Ockwig, Nathan W.},
abstractNote = {Materials and methods of making low-sintering-temperature glass waste forms that sequester radioactive iodine in a strong and durable structure. First, the iodine is captured by an adsorbant, which forms an iodine-loaded material, e.g., AgI, AgI-zeolite, AgI-mordenite, Ag-silica aerogel, ZnI.sub.2, CuI, or Bi.sub.5O.sub.7I. Next, particles of the iodine-loaded material are mixed with powdered frits of low-sintering-temperature glasses (comprising various oxides of Si, B, Bi, Pb, and Zn), and then sintered at a relatively low temperature, ranging from 425.degree. C. to 550.degree. C. The sintering converts the mixed powders into a solid block of a glassy waste form, having low iodine leaching rates. The vitrified glassy waste form can contain as much as 60 wt % AgI. A preferred glass, having a sintering temperature of 500.degree. C. (below the silver iodide sublimation temperature of 500.degree. C.) was identified that contains oxides of boron, bismuth, and zinc, while containing essentially no lead or silicon.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2012},
month = {9}
}

Patent:

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

Applicability of V 2 O 5 -P 2 O 5 Glass System for Low-Temperature Vitrification
journal, January 1996


The crystal structure of Bi4O5I2 and its relation to the structure of Bi4O5Br2
journal, January 2002

  • Keller, E.; Krämer, V.; Schmidt, M.
  • Zeitschrift für Kristallographie - Crystalline Materials, Vol. 217, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1524/zkri.217.6.256.22811

The crystal structure of α-Bi5O7I
journal, January 2001

  • Eggenweiler, U.; Ketterer, J.; Keller, E.
  • Zeitschrift für Kristallographie - Crystalline Materials, Vol. 216, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1524/zkri.216.4.230.23259

Some phase relationships between basic bismuth chlorides in aqueous solutions at 25 °C
journal, December 1987

  • Taylor, Peter; Lopata, Vincent J.
  • Canadian Journal of Chemistry, Vol. 65, Issue 12
  • DOI: 10.1139/v87-469

In-situ Formation of Bismuth-Based Iodine Waste Forms
journal, January 2007


Ceramic Wasteforms for the Conditioning of Spent MO x Fuel Wastes
journal, January 2003


Silver Zeolites: Iodide Occlusion and conversion to Sodalite – a potential 129 I waste form?
journal, January 2006

  • Sheppard, Gareth P.; Hriljac, Joseph A.; Maddrell, Ewan R.
  • MRS Proceedings, Vol. 932
  • DOI: 10.1557/PROC-932-36.1