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Title: Renewable Electricity Futures Study. Volume 2: Renewable Electricity Generation and Storage Technologies

Abstract

The Renewable Electricity Futures (RE Futures) Study investigated the challenges and impacts of achieving very high renewable electricity generation levels in the contiguous United States by 2050. The analysis focused on the sufficiency of the geographically diverse U.S. renewable resources to meet electricity demand over future decades, the hourly operational characteristics of the U.S. gridwith high levels of variable wind and solar generation, and the potential implications of deploying high levels of renewables in the future. RE Futures focused on technical aspects of high penetration of renewable electricity; it did not focus on how to achieve such a future through policy or other measures. Given the inherent uncertainties involved with analyzing alternative long-term energyfutures as well as the multiple pathways that might be taken to achieve higher levels of renewable electricity supply, RE Futures explored a range of scenarios to investigate and compare the impacts of renewable electricity penetration levels (30%-90%), future technology performance improvements, potential constraints to renewable electricity development, and future electricity demand growthassumptions. RE Futures was led by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).

Authors:
; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)
OSTI Identifier:
1046903
Report Number(s):
NREL/TP-6A20-52409-2
TRN: US201215%%673
DOE Contract Number:  
AC36-08GO28308
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Resource Relation:
Related Information: (Volume 2 of 4); Additional Authors: Fernandez, S.J.; Goodrich, A.C.; Hagerman, G.; Heath, G.; O?Neil, S.; Paquette, J.; Tegen, S.; Young, K.
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
24 POWER TRANSMISSION AND DISTRIBUTION; 25 ENERGY STORAGE; 32 ENERGY CONSERVATION, CONSUMPTION, AND UTILIZATION; AVAILABILITY; ELECTRICITY; NATIONAL RENEWABLE ENERGY LABORATORY; PERFORMANCE; STORAGE; RENEWABLE ENERGY SOURCES; renewable electricity; RE Futures; high renewable; generation; high penetration; United States; grid integration; scenario analysis

Citation Formats

Augustine, C, Bain, R, Chapman, J, Denholm, P, Drury, E, Hall, D G, Lantz, E, Margolis, R, Thresher, R, Sandor, D, Bishop, N A, Brown, S R, Cada, G F, and Felker, F. Renewable Electricity Futures Study. Volume 2: Renewable Electricity Generation and Storage Technologies. United States: N. p., 2012. Web. doi:10.2172/1046903.
Augustine, C, Bain, R, Chapman, J, Denholm, P, Drury, E, Hall, D G, Lantz, E, Margolis, R, Thresher, R, Sandor, D, Bishop, N A, Brown, S R, Cada, G F, & Felker, F. Renewable Electricity Futures Study. Volume 2: Renewable Electricity Generation and Storage Technologies. United States. https://doi.org/10.2172/1046903
Augustine, C, Bain, R, Chapman, J, Denholm, P, Drury, E, Hall, D G, Lantz, E, Margolis, R, Thresher, R, Sandor, D, Bishop, N A, Brown, S R, Cada, G F, and Felker, F. Fri . "Renewable Electricity Futures Study. Volume 2: Renewable Electricity Generation and Storage Technologies". United States. https://doi.org/10.2172/1046903. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1046903.
@article{osti_1046903,
title = {Renewable Electricity Futures Study. Volume 2: Renewable Electricity Generation and Storage Technologies},
author = {Augustine, C and Bain, R and Chapman, J and Denholm, P and Drury, E and Hall, D G and Lantz, E and Margolis, R and Thresher, R and Sandor, D and Bishop, N A and Brown, S R and Cada, G F and Felker, F},
abstractNote = {The Renewable Electricity Futures (RE Futures) Study investigated the challenges and impacts of achieving very high renewable electricity generation levels in the contiguous United States by 2050. The analysis focused on the sufficiency of the geographically diverse U.S. renewable resources to meet electricity demand over future decades, the hourly operational characteristics of the U.S. gridwith high levels of variable wind and solar generation, and the potential implications of deploying high levels of renewables in the future. RE Futures focused on technical aspects of high penetration of renewable electricity; it did not focus on how to achieve such a future through policy or other measures. Given the inherent uncertainties involved with analyzing alternative long-term energyfutures as well as the multiple pathways that might be taken to achieve higher levels of renewable electricity supply, RE Futures explored a range of scenarios to investigate and compare the impacts of renewable electricity penetration levels (30%-90%), future technology performance improvements, potential constraints to renewable electricity development, and future electricity demand growthassumptions. RE Futures was led by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).},
doi = {10.2172/1046903},
url = {https://www.osti.gov/biblio/1046903}, journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2012},
month = {6}
}