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Title: Campbell penetration depth in Fe-based superconductors

Abstract

A 'true' critical current density, j c, as opposite to commonly measured relaxed persistent (Bean) current, j B, was extracted from the Campbell penetration depth, Λ c(T,H) measured in single crystals of LiFeAs, and optimally electron-doped Ba(Fe 0.954Ni 0.046) 2As 2 (FeNi122). In LiFeAs, the effective pinning potential is nonparabolic, which follows from the magnetic field - dependent Labusch parameter α. At the equilibrium (upon field - cooling), α(H) is non-monotonic, but it is monotonic at a finite gradient of the vortex density. This behavior leads to a faster magnetic relaxation at the lower fields and provides a natural dynamic explanation for the fishtail (second peak) effect. We also find the evidence for strong pinning at the lower fields.The inferred field dependence of the pinning potential is consistent with the evolution from strong pinning, through collective pinning, and eventually to a disordered vortex lattice. The value of jc(2 K) ≅ 1.22 x 10 6 A/cm 2 provide an upper estimate of the current carrying capability of LiFeAs. Overall, vortex behavior of almost isotropic, fully-gapped LiFeAs is very similar to highly anisotropic d-wave cuprate superconductors, the similarity that requires further studies in order to understand unconventional superconductivity in cuprates and pnictides.more » In addition to LiFeAs, we also report the magnetic penetration depth in BaFe 2As 2 based superconductors including irradiation of FeNi122. In unirradiated FeNi122, the maximum critical current value is, j c(2K) ≅ 3.3 x 10 6 A/cm 2. The magnetic-dependent feature was observed near the transition temperature in FeTe 0.53Se 0.47 and irradiated FeNi122. Because of this feature, further studies are required in order to properly calibrate the Campbell penetration depth. Finally, we detected the crossing between the magnetic penetration depth and London penetration depth in optimally hold-doped Ba 0.6K 0.4Fe 2As 2 (BaK122) and isovalent doped BaFe 2(As 0.7P 0.3) 2 (BaP122). These phenomena probably coincide with anomalous Meissner effect reported in pnicitde superconductors [Prozorov et al. (2010b)] however more studies are needed in order to clarify this.« less

Authors:
 [1]
  1. Iowa State Univ., Ames, IA (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Ames Laboratory (AMES), Ames, IA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC)
OSTI Identifier:
1029611
Report Number(s):
IS-T 3028
TRN: US1200034
DOE Contract Number:  
AC02-07CH11358
Resource Type:
Thesis/Dissertation
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY; CRITICAL CURRENT; CUPRATES; IRON COMPOUNDS; IRRADIATION; MAGNETIC FIELDS; MONOCRYSTALS; PENETRATION DEPTH; PNICTIDES; RELAXATION; SUPERCONDUCTIVITY; SUPERCONDUCTORS; TRANSITION TEMPERATURE

Citation Formats

Prommapan, Plegchart. Campbell penetration depth in Fe-based superconductors. United States: N. p., 2011. Web. doi:10.2172/1029611.
Prommapan, Plegchart. Campbell penetration depth in Fe-based superconductors. United States. doi:10.2172/1029611.
Prommapan, Plegchart. Sat . "Campbell penetration depth in Fe-based superconductors". United States. doi:10.2172/1029611. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1029611.
@article{osti_1029611,
title = {Campbell penetration depth in Fe-based superconductors},
author = {Prommapan, Plegchart},
abstractNote = {A 'true' critical current density, jc, as opposite to commonly measured relaxed persistent (Bean) current, jB, was extracted from the Campbell penetration depth, Λc(T,H) measured in single crystals of LiFeAs, and optimally electron-doped Ba(Fe0.954Ni0.046)2As2 (FeNi122). In LiFeAs, the effective pinning potential is nonparabolic, which follows from the magnetic field - dependent Labusch parameter α. At the equilibrium (upon field - cooling), α(H) is non-monotonic, but it is monotonic at a finite gradient of the vortex density. This behavior leads to a faster magnetic relaxation at the lower fields and provides a natural dynamic explanation for the fishtail (second peak) effect. We also find the evidence for strong pinning at the lower fields.The inferred field dependence of the pinning potential is consistent with the evolution from strong pinning, through collective pinning, and eventually to a disordered vortex lattice. The value of jc(2 K) ≅ 1.22 x 106 A/cm2 provide an upper estimate of the current carrying capability of LiFeAs. Overall, vortex behavior of almost isotropic, fully-gapped LiFeAs is very similar to highly anisotropic d-wave cuprate superconductors, the similarity that requires further studies in order to understand unconventional superconductivity in cuprates and pnictides. In addition to LiFeAs, we also report the magnetic penetration depth in BaFe2As2 based superconductors including irradiation of FeNi122. In unirradiated FeNi122, the maximum critical current value is, jc(2K) ≅ 3.3 x 106 A/cm2. The magnetic-dependent feature was observed near the transition temperature in FeTe0.53Se0.47 and irradiated FeNi122. Because of this feature, further studies are required in order to properly calibrate the Campbell penetration depth. Finally, we detected the crossing between the magnetic penetration depth and London penetration depth in optimally hold-doped Ba0.6K0.4Fe2As2 (BaK122) and isovalent doped BaFe2(As0.7P0.3)2 (BaP122). These phenomena probably coincide with anomalous Meissner effect reported in pnicitde superconductors [Prozorov et al. (2010b)] however more studies are needed in order to clarify this.},
doi = {10.2172/1029611},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2011},
month = {1}
}

Thesis/Dissertation:
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