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Title: Message development for surface markers at the Hanford Radwaste Disposal sites

Abstract

At the Hanford Reservation in Washington, there are sites which received liquid and solid transuranic wastes from the late 1940`s until 1970. Rockwell Hanford Operations (Rockwell) is investigating the feasibility of several options for the permanent disposal of these wastes. One option is to stabilize the wastes in their present locations and to add barriers to minimize water infiltration and root penetration into the wastes. This report forms part of the project to develop a marking system for transuranic wastes on the Hanford Reservation. The focus of this report is the development of the message system to appear on the surface markers. A logical framework is developed to deduce what is required by the message system. Alternatives for each message component are evaluated and justification is provided for the choice of each component. The components are then laid out on the surface marker to provide a legible, comprehensible message system. The surface markers are tall, standing monoliths which ring the perimeter of each disposal area. Based on the logical framework, it is recommended that three domains of representation -- symbols, pictures, and language -- be used in the message system. The warning symbol chosen for the message system is themore » radiation trefoil. Two other options were considered, including the warning symbol developed by the Human Interference Task Force for a high-level waste repository. The trefoil was preferred because of the widespread usage and international acceptance which is already enjoys.« less

Authors:
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Rockwell International Corp., Richland, WA (United States). Rockwell Hanford Operations; Analytic Sciences Corp., Reading, MA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE, Washington, DC (United States)
OSTI Identifier:
10172481
Report Number(s):
DOE/RL/10930-T2; TR-5146-1
ON: DE94016326; TRN: 94:007627
DOE Contract Number:  
AC06-87RL10930
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Resource Relation:
Other Information: PBD: 31 Dec 1984
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
11 NUCLEAR FUEL CYCLE AND FUEL MATERIALS; 12 MANAGEMENT OF RADIOACTIVE AND NON-RADIOACTIVE WASTES FROM NUCLEAR FACILITIES; UNDERGROUND DISPOSAL; ENGINEERED SAFETY SYSTEMS; HANFORD RESERVATION; RADIOACTIVE WASTE DISPOSAL; COMMUNICATIONS; 054000; 052002; HEALTH AND SAFETY; WASTE DISPOSAL AND STORAGE

Citation Formats

Kaplan, M F. Message development for surface markers at the Hanford Radwaste Disposal sites. United States: N. p., 1984. Web. doi:10.2172/10172481.
Kaplan, M F. Message development for surface markers at the Hanford Radwaste Disposal sites. United States. doi:10.2172/10172481.
Kaplan, M F. Mon . "Message development for surface markers at the Hanford Radwaste Disposal sites". United States. doi:10.2172/10172481. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/10172481.
@article{osti_10172481,
title = {Message development for surface markers at the Hanford Radwaste Disposal sites},
author = {Kaplan, M F},
abstractNote = {At the Hanford Reservation in Washington, there are sites which received liquid and solid transuranic wastes from the late 1940`s until 1970. Rockwell Hanford Operations (Rockwell) is investigating the feasibility of several options for the permanent disposal of these wastes. One option is to stabilize the wastes in their present locations and to add barriers to minimize water infiltration and root penetration into the wastes. This report forms part of the project to develop a marking system for transuranic wastes on the Hanford Reservation. The focus of this report is the development of the message system to appear on the surface markers. A logical framework is developed to deduce what is required by the message system. Alternatives for each message component are evaluated and justification is provided for the choice of each component. The components are then laid out on the surface marker to provide a legible, comprehensible message system. The surface markers are tall, standing monoliths which ring the perimeter of each disposal area. Based on the logical framework, it is recommended that three domains of representation -- symbols, pictures, and language -- be used in the message system. The warning symbol chosen for the message system is the radiation trefoil. Two other options were considered, including the warning symbol developed by the Human Interference Task Force for a high-level waste repository. The trefoil was preferred because of the widespread usage and international acceptance which is already enjoys.},
doi = {10.2172/10172481},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {1984},
month = {12}
}