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Title: Effects of tensile loading on upper shelf fracture toughness

Abstract

Constraint has been an important consideration in fracture mechanics from the earliest work that was done to develop the 1974 version of the ASTM Standard E399. O`Dowd and Shih (1991) have proposed that the difference in crack tip stress fields can be quantified in terms of a field quantity that they have call Q. The Q quantity is a function of J, the crack shape and size, the structural geometry, mode of loading and on the level of deformation and can only be calculated from a high resolution elastic-plastic computational analysis. A similar, simpler, but more controversial approach has been suggested by Betegon and Hancock (1991), who use the non-singular term of the elastic, crack singularity solution, called the T-Stress, as a measure of elastic-plastic crack tip constraint. The objective of this work is to develop some upper shelf, elastic-plastic experimental results to attempt to investigate the applicability of the Q and T stress parameters to the correlation of upper shelf initiation toughness and J resistance curves. The first objective was to obtain upper shelf J resistance curves, J{sub Ic}, and tearing resistance results for a range of applied constraint. The J-Q and J-T stress loci were developed and comparedmore » with the expectations of the O`Dowd and Shih and the Betegon and Hancock analyses. Constraint was varied by changing the crack length and also by changing the mode of loading from bending to predominantly tensile. The principle conclusions of this work are that J{sub Ic} does not appear to be dependent on T stress or Q while the material tearing resistance is dependent on T stress and Q, with the tearing modulus increasing as constraint decreases.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [2]
  1. Naval Academy, Annapolis, MD (United States)
  2. Naval Surface Warfare Center, Annapolis, MD (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Washington, DC (United States). Div. of Engineering; Naval Academy, Annapolis, MD (United States); Naval Surface Warfare Center, Annapolis, MD (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Washington, DC (United States)
OSTI Identifier:
10140815
Report Number(s):
NUREG/CR-6051
ON: TI94009593; TRN: 94:007561
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Resource Relation:
Other Information: PBD: Mar 1994
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; 21 SPECIFIC NUCLEAR REACTORS AND ASSOCIATED PLANTS; WATER COOLED REACTORS; REACTOR MATERIALS; FRACTURE PROPERTIES; STEEL-ASTM-A533-B; NICKEL-CHROMIUM STEELS; STRESS ANALYSIS; CRACK PROPAGATION; EXPERIMENTAL DATA; 360103; 210100; 210200; MECHANICAL PROPERTIES; POWER REACTORS, NONBREEDING, LIGHT-WATER MODERATED, BOILING WATER COOLED; POWER REACTORS, NONBREEDING, LIGHT-WATER MODERATED, NONBOILING WATER COOLED

Citation Formats

Joyce, J.A., and Link, R.E. Effects of tensile loading on upper shelf fracture toughness. United States: N. p., 1994. Web. doi:10.2172/10140815.
Joyce, J.A., & Link, R.E. Effects of tensile loading on upper shelf fracture toughness. United States. doi:10.2172/10140815.
Joyce, J.A., and Link, R.E. Tue . "Effects of tensile loading on upper shelf fracture toughness". United States. doi:10.2172/10140815. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/10140815.
@article{osti_10140815,
title = {Effects of tensile loading on upper shelf fracture toughness},
author = {Joyce, J.A. and Link, R.E.},
abstractNote = {Constraint has been an important consideration in fracture mechanics from the earliest work that was done to develop the 1974 version of the ASTM Standard E399. O`Dowd and Shih (1991) have proposed that the difference in crack tip stress fields can be quantified in terms of a field quantity that they have call Q. The Q quantity is a function of J, the crack shape and size, the structural geometry, mode of loading and on the level of deformation and can only be calculated from a high resolution elastic-plastic computational analysis. A similar, simpler, but more controversial approach has been suggested by Betegon and Hancock (1991), who use the non-singular term of the elastic, crack singularity solution, called the T-Stress, as a measure of elastic-plastic crack tip constraint. The objective of this work is to develop some upper shelf, elastic-plastic experimental results to attempt to investigate the applicability of the Q and T stress parameters to the correlation of upper shelf initiation toughness and J resistance curves. The first objective was to obtain upper shelf J resistance curves, J{sub Ic}, and tearing resistance results for a range of applied constraint. The J-Q and J-T stress loci were developed and compared with the expectations of the O`Dowd and Shih and the Betegon and Hancock analyses. Constraint was varied by changing the crack length and also by changing the mode of loading from bending to predominantly tensile. The principle conclusions of this work are that J{sub Ic} does not appear to be dependent on T stress or Q while the material tearing resistance is dependent on T stress and Q, with the tearing modulus increasing as constraint decreases.},
doi = {10.2172/10140815},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {1994},
month = {3}
}