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Title: Hydrogen Fuel Cells and Storage Technology: Fundamental Research for Optimization of Hydrogen Storage and Utilization

Abstract

Design and development of improved low-cost hydrogen fuel cell catalytic materials and high-capacity hydrogenn storage media are paramount to enabling the hydrogen economy. Presently, effective and durable catalysts are mostly precious metals in pure or alloyed form and their high cost inhibits fuel cell applications. Similarly, materials that meet on-board hydrogen storage targets within total mass and volumetric constraints are yet to be found. Both hydrogen storage performance and cost-effective fuel cell designs are intimately linked to the electronic structure, morphology and cost of the chosen materials. The FCAST Project combined theoretical and experimental studies of electronic structure, chemical bonding, and hydrogen adsorption/desorption characteristics of a number of different nanomaterials and metal clusters to develop better fundamental understanding of hydrogen storage in solid state matrices. Additional experimental studies quantified the hydrogen storage properties of synthesized polyaniline(PANI)/Pd composites. Such conducting polymers are especially interesting because of their high intrinsic electron density and the ability to dope the materials with protons, anions, and metal species. Earlier work produced contradictory results: one study reported 7% to 8% hydrogen uptake while a second study reported zero hydrogen uptake. Cost and durability of fuel cell systems are crucial factors in their affordability. Limits on operatingmore » temperature, loss of catalytic reactivity and degradation of proton exchange membranes are factors that affect system durability and contribute to operational costs. More cost effective fuel cell components were sought through studies of the physical and chemical nature of catalyst performance, characterization of oxidation and reduction processes on system surfaces. Additional development effort resulted in a new hydrocarbon-based high-performance sulfonated proton exchange membrane (PEM) that can be manufactured at low cost and accompanied by improved mechanical and thermal stability.« less

Authors:
; ; ; ; ; ; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
UNLV Research Foundation, 8311 W. Sunset Road, Suite 200, Las Vegas, NV 89130
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Hydrogen, Fuel Cells, and Infrastructure Technologies Program (EE-2H)
OSTI Identifier:
1010298
Report Number(s):
DOE/GO85028/F
GO85028; TRN: US201116%%744
DOE Contract Number:
FG36-05GO85028
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
25 ENERGY STORAGE; ANIONS; BONDING; CATALYSTS; DESIGN; ELECTRON DENSITY; ELECTRONIC STRUCTURE; FUEL CELLS; HYDROGEN; HYDROGEN FUEL CELLS; HYDROGEN STORAGE; MATRICES; MEMBRANES; MORPHOLOGY; OPTIMIZATION; OXIDATION; POLYMERS; PROTONS; STABILITY; STORAGE; TARGETS; nanomaterial; nanotubes, PEM, PANI; x-ray emission specroscopy; hydrogen storage; Pd(iv); Pd(ii); DFT; polymeric; GO85028

Citation Formats

Perret, Bob, Heske, Clemens, Nadavalath, Balakrishnan, Cornelius, Andrew, Hatchett, David, Bae, Chusung, Pang, Tao, Kim, Eunja, and Hemmers, Oliver. Hydrogen Fuel Cells and Storage Technology: Fundamental Research for Optimization of Hydrogen Storage and Utilization. United States: N. p., 2011. Web. doi:10.2172/1010298.
Perret, Bob, Heske, Clemens, Nadavalath, Balakrishnan, Cornelius, Andrew, Hatchett, David, Bae, Chusung, Pang, Tao, Kim, Eunja, & Hemmers, Oliver. Hydrogen Fuel Cells and Storage Technology: Fundamental Research for Optimization of Hydrogen Storage and Utilization. United States. doi:10.2172/1010298.
Perret, Bob, Heske, Clemens, Nadavalath, Balakrishnan, Cornelius, Andrew, Hatchett, David, Bae, Chusung, Pang, Tao, Kim, Eunja, and Hemmers, Oliver. Mon . "Hydrogen Fuel Cells and Storage Technology: Fundamental Research for Optimization of Hydrogen Storage and Utilization". United States. doi:10.2172/1010298. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1010298.
@article{osti_1010298,
title = {Hydrogen Fuel Cells and Storage Technology: Fundamental Research for Optimization of Hydrogen Storage and Utilization},
author = {Perret, Bob and Heske, Clemens and Nadavalath, Balakrishnan and Cornelius, Andrew and Hatchett, David and Bae, Chusung and Pang, Tao and Kim, Eunja and Hemmers, Oliver},
abstractNote = {Design and development of improved low-cost hydrogen fuel cell catalytic materials and high-capacity hydrogenn storage media are paramount to enabling the hydrogen economy. Presently, effective and durable catalysts are mostly precious metals in pure or alloyed form and their high cost inhibits fuel cell applications. Similarly, materials that meet on-board hydrogen storage targets within total mass and volumetric constraints are yet to be found. Both hydrogen storage performance and cost-effective fuel cell designs are intimately linked to the electronic structure, morphology and cost of the chosen materials. The FCAST Project combined theoretical and experimental studies of electronic structure, chemical bonding, and hydrogen adsorption/desorption characteristics of a number of different nanomaterials and metal clusters to develop better fundamental understanding of hydrogen storage in solid state matrices. Additional experimental studies quantified the hydrogen storage properties of synthesized polyaniline(PANI)/Pd composites. Such conducting polymers are especially interesting because of their high intrinsic electron density and the ability to dope the materials with protons, anions, and metal species. Earlier work produced contradictory results: one study reported 7% to 8% hydrogen uptake while a second study reported zero hydrogen uptake. Cost and durability of fuel cell systems are crucial factors in their affordability. Limits on operating temperature, loss of catalytic reactivity and degradation of proton exchange membranes are factors that affect system durability and contribute to operational costs. More cost effective fuel cell components were sought through studies of the physical and chemical nature of catalyst performance, characterization of oxidation and reduction processes on system surfaces. Additional development effort resulted in a new hydrocarbon-based high-performance sulfonated proton exchange membrane (PEM) that can be manufactured at low cost and accompanied by improved mechanical and thermal stability.},
doi = {10.2172/1010298},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {Mon Mar 28 00:00:00 EDT 2011},
month = {Mon Mar 28 00:00:00 EDT 2011}
}

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