DOE Scientists Contribute to 2007 Nobel Peace Prize
about Climate Change
The 2007 Nobel Peace Prize reflects an importance of climate change science, which, while not quite meeting the criteria for inclusion in DOE R&D Accomplishments, is extremely noteworthy and is a credit to DOE science.
The United Nations' Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) shared the 2007 Nobel Peace Prize "for their efforts to build up and disseminate greater knowledge about man-made climate change, and to lay the foundations for the measures that are needed to counteract such change". Department of Energy (DOE) researchers at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), and at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) contributed to this achievement.
"DOE Office of Biological and Environmental Research (BER) supports research on models and tools for integrated analysis of both the drivers and consequences of climate change. Past work has focused on drivers, specifically sources of greenhouse gas emissions within a common, most often economic, modeling framework. Until recently, only modest attention and resources were devoted to modeling the interactive effects of consequences, that is to say, impacts and adaptation but this has become a major focus for the program. …
Climate change is real, its effects are more immediate and profound than previously anticipated, and old questions (are humans the cause?) are yielding to new: What are the impacts? Who and what will be most vulnerable? What can we do about it, and how can we prepare? …
Integrated Assessment Models [IAMs] will inform some of the most significant U.S. energy and other infrastructure decisions and investments of this century. In short, these models shape our fundamental understanding of climate change: the drivers, its pace, its consequences, the implications and role for energy systems of the future, changes in availability of natural resources, food, and water, and shifts in global economies, vulnerabilities and overall national security. …
The goal is to reveal climate change insights into the complex interactions of human and natural systems and develop the integrated models and tools that will underpin future national and regional decision-making on options for mitigation and adaptation."
Additional information about climate change is available in DOE documents and on the Web.
Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide and the Global Carbon Cycle: The Key Uncertainties, DOE Technical Report, December 1987
Formulating Energy Policies Related to Fossil Fuel Use: Critical Uncertainties in the Global Carbon Cycle, DOE Technical Report, February 1990
Greenhouse Gases: What is Their Role in Climate Change, DOE Technical Report, December 1990
Global Climate Change: Some Implications, Opportunities, and Challenges for US Forestry, DOE Technical Report, June 1991
Statement on Global Climate Change Before the Subcommittee on Energy and Power, United States House of Representatives, DOE Technical Report, April 1993
Assessing Impacts of Climate Change on Forests: The State of Biological Modeling, DOE Technical Report, April 1993
Implications of Policies to Prevent Climate Change for Future Food Security, DOE Technical Report, July 1993
Carbon Cycle Modeling Calculations for the IPCC, DOE Technical Report, August 1993
Historic Patterns of CO2 Emissions from Fossil Fuels: Implications for Stabilization of Emissions, DOE Technical Report, June 1994
Integrated Assessment and the Relation Between Land-Use Change and Climate Change, DOE Technical Report, October 1994
CO2 Emission Calculations and Trends, DOE Technical Report, June 1995
ImBuild: Impact of Building Energy Efficiency Programs, DOE Technical Report, April 1998
Long-range Weather Prediction and Prevention of Climate Catastrophes: A Status Report, DOE Technical Report, August 1999
Simulations of Aerosol Indirect Effect for IPCC Emissions Scenarios, DOE Technical Report, October 1999
Special Report on Emissions Scenarios: A Special Report of Working Group III of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, DOE Technical Report, October 2000
Evaluating Parameterizations in General Circulation Models: Climate Simulation Meets Weather Prediction, DOE Technical Report, May 2004
Global Biogeochemistry Models and Global Carbon Cycle Research at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, DOE Technical Report, May 2005
Climate Effects of Global Land Cover Change, DOE Technical Report, August 2005
The Value of End-Use Energy Efficiency in Mitigation of U.S. Carbon Emissions, DOE Technical Report, November 2007
PNNL Scientists Contribute to Nobel Prize-winning IPCC, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), with information about individual scientists
PNNL Research Highlights
- PNNL Scientists, Computer Model Make Key Contributions to Major Climate Report
- U.S. Climate Change Effects Revealed