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Title: III-Vs at Scale: A PV Manufacturing Cost Analysis of the Thin Film Vapor-Liquid-Solid Growth Mode

The authors present a manufacturing cost analysis for producing thin-film indium phosphide modules by combining a novel thin-film vapor-liquid-solid (TF-VLS) growth process with a standard monolithic module platform. The example cell structure is ITO/n-TiO2/p-InP/Mo. For a benchmark scenario of 12% efficient modules, the module cost is estimated to be $0.66/W(DC) and the module cost is calculated to be around $0.36/W(DC) at a long-term potential efficiency of 24%. The manufacturing cost for the TF-VLS growth portion is estimated to be ~$23/m2, a significant reduction compared with traditional metalorganic chemical vapor deposition. The analysis here suggests the TF-VLS growth mode could enable lower-cost, high-efficiency III-V photovoltaics compared with manufacturing methods used today and open up possibilities for other optoelectronic applications as well.
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Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
Report Number(s):
Journal ID: ISSN 1062-7995
DOE Contract Number:
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Progress in Photovoltaics; Journal Volume: 24; Journal Issue: 6; Related Information: Progress in Photovoltaics: Research and Applications
Research Org:
NREL (National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), Golden, CO (United States))
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Solar Energy Technologies Office (EE-4S); Bay Area PV Consortium
Country of Publication:
United States
14 SOLAR ENERGY; 36 MATERIALS SCIENCE cost; III-Vs; thin films; InP; PV manufacturing; solar