Acceptable Audiovisual Formats
DOE produces hundreds of videos each year that are available to users on lab and Program Office websites, on YouTube, and on specialized video sites such as SciVee. OSTI collects these videos and makes them searchable as one collection in ScienceCinema. Like full-text indexing of a document, content indexing of an audio or video file greatly enhances the retrievability of the STI product as a whole and also enables a user to find the exact place in the video where the term he/she is searching for was actually spoken by the presenter or the narrator. The ability to search and "jump to" the spoken words in a video that may be an hour or longer is a unique, added value provided by ScienceCinema and currently not available on sites such as YouTube.
Videos with significant scientific and technical content are available in both SciTech Connect and ScienceCinema. These videos are typically from conferences and events where speakers or panels of speakers present the content. Webinars may also be disseminated through both SciTech Connect and ScienceCinema. Videos that are more promotional in nature or those that provide brief news/highlights, tours of labs and facilities, etc. are placed only in ScienceCinema.
Sites are encouraged to provide metadata and a link to a video or audio file through the AN 241.1 on E-Link, via Batch Upload, or via the AN 241.1 Web Service. OSTI will process the metadata record and will attempt to download the video file for further content indexing by ScienceCinema. If downloading is not possible, OSTI will contact the site to ask for the video file to be sent directly via email, FTP, or postal service.
The audiovisual formats that can be automatically downloaded, cached, and content-indexed by OSTI as CO (conference/event) STI submissions are listed below. For audiovisual STI submissions that include the URL in the metadata there are a couple of things to consider:
- If the URL begins with http:// and if the STI video is not embedded in a proprietary player, OSTI will automatically cache a copy of the video for preservation.
- If your site is not hosting the STI video and you plan to upload instead, you will need to coordinate with OSTI to receive a password that will allow access to an FTP area or to arrange another form of physical delivery.
|Audiovisual Formats that can be automatically
|Formats that CANNOT be automatically downloaded/indexed|
|WMA - Windows Media Audio||ASF (Advanced Systems Format)|
|WMV - Windows Media Video||AVI - (Audio Video Interleaved)|
|MPEG - Moving Picture Experts Group (Family of open standards used for coding audiovisual material in a digital compressed format||Apple Core Video|
|MP2 - This is one of the audio codings/formats defined in the MPEG family of standards||DV Core Video|
|MP3 - This is one of the audio codings/formats defined in the MPEG family of standards||Adobe Flash|
|MP4 - This is one of the audio codings/formats defined in the MPEG family of standards||QuickTime and Real Media|