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  1. Magnesium batteries appear a viable alternative to overcome the safety and energy density limitations faced by current lithium-ion technology. Furthermore, the development of a competitive magnesium battery is plagued by the existing notion of poor magnesium mobility in solids. We demonstrate by using ab initio calculations, nuclear magnetic resonance, and impedance spectroscopy measurements that substantial magnesium ion mobility can indeed be achieved in close-packed frameworks (~ 0.01-0.1 mS cm -1 at 298 K), specifically in the magnesium scandium selenide spinel. Our theoretical predictions also indicate that high magnesium ion mobility is possible in other chalcogenide spinels, opening the door formore » the realization of other magnesium solid ionic conductors and the eventual development of an all-solid-state magnesium battery.« less
  2. We describe a continuum model of gas uptake for inhomogeneous fluids (CMGIF) and use it to predict fluid adsorption in porous materials directly from gas-substrate interaction energies determined by first principles calculations or accurate effective force fields. The method uses a perturbation approach to correct bulk fluid interactions for local inhomogeneities caused by gas substrate interactions, and predicts local pressure and density of the adsorbed gas. The accuracy and limitations of the model are tested by comparison with the results of Grand Canonical Monte Carlo simulations of hydrogen uptake in metal-organic frameworks (MOFs). We show that the approach provides accuratemore » predictions at room temperature and at low temperatures for less strongly interacting materials. As a result, the speed of the CMGIF method makes it a promising candidate for high-throughput materials discovery in connection with existing databases of nano-porous materials.« less
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