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  1. TRANSP simulations are being used in the OMFIT work- flow manager to enable a machine independent means of experimental analysis, postdictive validation, and predictive time dependent simulations on the DIII-D, NSTX, JET and C-MOD tokamaks. The procedures for preparing the input data from plasma profile diagnostics and equilibrium reconstruction, as well as processing of the time-dependent heating and current drive sources and assumptions about the neutral recycling, vary across machines, but are streamlined by using a common workflow manager. Settings for TRANSP simulation fidelity are incorporated into the OMFIT framework, contrasting between-shot analysis, power balance, and fast-particle simulations. A previouslymore » established series of data consistency metrics are computed such as comparison of experimental vs. calculated neutron rate, equilibrium stored energy vs. total stored energy from profile and fast-ion pressure, and experimental vs. computed surface loop voltage. Discrepancies between data consistency metrics can indicate errors in input quantities such as electron density profile or Zeff, or indicate anomalous fast-particle transport. Measures to assess the sensitivity of the verification metrics to input quantities are provided by OMFIT, including scans of the input profiles and standardized post-processing visualizations. For predictive simulations, TRANSP uses GLF23 or TGLF to predict core plasma profiles, with user defined boundary conditions in the outer region of the plasma. ITPA validation metrics are provided in post-processing to assess the transport model validity. By using OMFIT to orchestrate the steps for experimental data preparation, selection of operating mode, submission, post-processing and visualization, we have streamlined and standardized the usage of TRANSP.« less
  2. The papers in this special section brings together papers focused on the recent advancements and breakthroughs in the technology of modeling and enhanced active/reactive power control of wind power conversion systems, ranging from components of wind turbines to wind farms.
  3. A search for the rare two-body charmless baryonic decay B + → pmore » $$-\atop{Λ}$$ is performed with pp collision data, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 3 fb -1, collected by the LHCb experiment at centre-of-mass energies of 7 and 8 TeV. An excess of B + →p$$-\atop{Λ}$$ candidates with respect to background expectations is seen with a statistical significance of 4.1 standard deviations, and constitutes the first evidence for this decay. The branching fraction, measured using the B + →K S 0 π + decay for normalisation, B(B +→p$$-\atop{Λ}$$=2.4$$+1.0\atop{0.8}$$±0.3 x 10 -7)where the first uncertainty is statistical and the second systematic.« less
  4. A search is presented for massive long-lived particles decaying into a muon and two quarks. The dataset consists of proton-proton interactions at centre-of-mass energies of 7 and 8 TeV, corresponding to integrated luminosities of 1 and 2 fb -1, respectively. The analysis is performed assuming a set of production mechanisms with simple topologies, including the production of a Higgs-like particle decaying into two long-lived particles. The mass range from 20 to 80 GeV/c 2 and lifetimes from 5 to 100ps are explored. Results are also interpreted in terms of neutralino production in different R-Parity violating supersymmetric models, with masses in the 23–198 GeV/cmore » 2 range. No excess above the background expectation is observed and upper limits are set on the production cross-section for various points in the parameter space of theoretical models.« less
  5. Laboratory experiments have been carried out to model the magnetic reconnection process in a solar flare with powerful lasers. Relativistic electrons with energy up to megaelectronvolts are detected along the magnetic separatrices bounding the reconnection outflow, which exhibit a kappa-like distribution with an effective temperature of ∼10{sup 9} K. The acceleration of non-thermal electrons is found to be more efficient in the case with a guide magnetic field (a component of a magnetic field along the reconnection-induced electric field) than in the case without a guide field. Hardening of the spectrum at energies ≥500 keV is observed in both cases, which remarkably resembles themore » hardening of hard X-ray and γ -ray spectra observed in many solar flares. This supports a recent proposal that the hardening in the hard X-ray and γ -ray emissions of solar flares is due to a hardening of the source-electron spectrum. We also performed numerical simulations that help examine behaviors of electrons in the reconnection process with the electromagnetic field configurations occurring in the experiments. The trajectories of non-thermal electrons observed in the experiments were well duplicated in the simulations. Our numerical simulations generally reproduce the electron energy spectrum as well, except for the hardening of the electron spectrum. This suggests that other mechanisms such as shock or turbulence may play an important role in the production of the observed energetic electrons.« less
  6. The additional computing power offered by the planned exascale facilities could be transformational across the spectrum of plasma and fusion research — provided that the new architectures can be efficiently applied to our problem space. The collaboration that will be required to succeed should be viewed as an opportunity to identify and exploit cross-disciplinary synergies. To assess the opportunities and requirements as part of the development of an overall strategy for computing in the exascale era, the Exascale Requirements Review meeting of the Fusion Energy Sciences (FES) community was convened January 27–29, 2016, with participation from a broad range ofmore » fusion and plasma scientists, specialists in applied mathematics and computer science, and representatives from the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and its major computing facilities. This report is a summary of that meeting and the preparatory activities for it and includes a wealth of detail to support the findings. Technical opportunities, requirements, and challenges are detailed in this report (and in the recent report on the Workshop on Integrated Simulation). Science applications are described, along with mathematical and computational enabling technologies. Also see for more information.« less
  7. Multiple ion acceleration mechanisms can occur when an ultrathin foil is irradiated with an intense laser pulse, with the dominant mechanism changing over the course of the interaction. Measurement of the spatial-intensity distribution of the beam of energetic protons is used to investigate the transition from radiation pressure acceleration to transparency-driven processes. It is shown numerically that radiation pressure drives an increased expansion of the target ions within the spatial extent of the laser focal spot, which induces a radial deflection of relatively low energy sheath-accelerated protons to form an annular distribution. Through variation of the target foil thickness, themore » opening angle of the ring is shown to be correlated to the point in time transparency occurs during the interaction and is maximized when it occurs at the peak of the laser intensity profile. Corresponding experimental measurements of the ring size variation with target thickness exhibit the same trends and provide insight into the intra-pulse laser-plasma evolution.« less
  8. A search is presented for massive long-lived particles, in the 20–60 GeV/c 2 mass range with lifetimes between 5 and 100 ps. The dataset used corresponds to 0.62 fb -1 of proton-proton collision data collected by the LHCb detector at √s = 7TeV. The particles are assumed to be pair-produced by the decay of a Higgs-like boson with mass between 80 and 140 GeV/c 2. No excess above the background expectation is observed and limits are set on the production cross-section as a function of the long-lived particle mass and lifetime and of the Higgs-like boson mass.
  9. Here, measurements of the differential branching fraction and angular moments of the decay B 0 → K +π - μ + μ - in the K +π - invariant mass range 1330 < m(K +π -) < 1530 MeV/c 2 are presented. Proton-proton collision data are used, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 3 fb -1 collected by the LHCb experiment. Differential branching fraction measurements are reported in five bins of the invariant mass squared of the dimuon system, q 2, between 0.1 and 8.0 GeV 2/c 4. For the first time, an angular analysis sensitive to the S-, P-more » and D-wave contributions of this rare decay is performed. The set of 40 normalised angular moments describing the decay is presented for the q 2 range 1.1-6.0 GeV 2/c 4.« less

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"Yuan, X."

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