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  1. SpecTAD

    The SpecTAD software represents a refactoring of the Temperature Accelerated Dynamics (TAD2) code authored by Arthur F. Voter and Blas P. Uberuaga (LA-CC-02-05). SpecTAD extends the capabilities of TAD2, by providing algorithms for both temporal and spatial parallelism. The novel algorithms for temporal parallelism include both speculation and replication based techniques. SpecTAD also offers the optional capability to dynamically link to the open-source LAMMPS package.
  2. Atomistic simulation methods for long-time dynamics in materials for nuclear energy systems

    Many important processes in materials systems are intrinsically atomistic in nature but involve time scales that span many orders of magnitude, thus exceeding what can be directly simulated using molecular dynamics. This is especially true for materials in nuclear energy applications, in which defects created by collision cascades on the femtosecond-picosecond time scale cause microstructural changes that continue to evolve for years, in many cases leading to failure of the material. In this chapter, we review atomistic methods for reaching long time scales in systems like these. These accelerated molecular dynamics and adaptive kinetic Monte Carlo methods exploit the infrequent-eventmore » nature of the diffusive events that comprise this long-time evolution. In favorable cases, these methods can predict state-to-state evolution that approximates what would result from an extremely long molecular dynamics simulation, and the most accurate of the methods can do this to arbitrary accuracy. We present some examples of applications of these methods to problems relevant to nuclear energy materials, the subject of this volume. We then discuss situations that are difficult for the methods, causing them to be less efficient, and we conclude with a short list of the most pressing issues in the further development of these approaches to make them as powerful and predictive as possible for realistic problems.« less
  3. Langevin synchronization in a time-dependent, harmonic basin: An exact solution in 1D

    The trajectories of two particles undergoing Langevin dynamics while sharing a common noise sequence can merge into a single (master) trajectory. In this paper, we present an exact solution for a particle undergoing Langevin dynamics in a harmonic, time-dependent potential, thus extending the idea of synchronization to nonequilibrium systems. We calculate the synchronization level, i.e., the mismatch between two trajectories sharing a common noise sequence, in the underdamped, critically damped, and overdamped regimes. In conclusion, we provide asymptotic expansions in various limiting cases and compare to the time independent case.
  4. Speculation and replication in temperature accelerated dynamics

    Accelerated Molecular Dynamics (AMD) is a class of MD-based algorithms for the long-time scale simulation of atomistic systems that are characterized by rare-event transitions. Temperature-Accelerated Dynamics (TAD), a traditional AMD approach, hastens state-to-state transitions by performing MD at an elevated temperature. Recently, Speculatively-Parallel TAD (SpecTAD) was introduced, allowing the TAD procedure to exploit parallel computing systems by concurrently executing in a dynamically generated list of speculative future states. Although speculation can be very powerful, it is not always the most efficient use of parallel resources. In this paper, we compare the performance of speculative parallelism with a replica-based technique, similarmore » to the Parallel Replica Dynamics method. A hybrid SpecTAD approach is also presented, in which each speculation process is further accelerated by a local set of replicas. Finally and overall, this work motivates the use of hybrid parallelism whenever possible, as some combination of speculation and replication is typically most efficient.« less
    Cited by 1
  5. Long-time molecular dynamics simulations on massively parallel platforms: A comparison of parallel replica dynamics and parallel trajectory splicing

    Molecular dynamics (MD) is one of the most widely used techniques in computational materials science. By providing fully resolved trajectories, it allows for a natural description of static, thermodynamic, and kinetic properties. A major hurdle that has hampered the use of MD is the fact that the timescales that can be directly simulated are very limited, even when using massively parallel computers. We compare two time-parallelization approaches, parallel replica dynamics (ParRep) and parallel trajectory splicing (ParSplice), that were specifically designed to address this issue for rare event systems by leveraging parallel computing resources. Using simulations of the relaxation of smallmore » disordered platinum nanoparticles, a comparative performance analysis of the two methods is presented. Finally, the results show that ParSplice can significantly outperform ParRep in the common case where the trajectory remains trapped for a long time within a region of configuration space but makes rapid structural transitions within this region.« less
    Cited by 1
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