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  1. Sintering dilatometry based grain growth assessment

  2. Microwave sintering of complex shapes: From multiphysics simulation to improvements of process scalability

  3. Proportional integral derivative, modeling and ways of stabilization for the spark plasma sintering process

    The stability of the proportional–integral–derivative (PID) control of temperature in the spark plasma sintering (SPS) process is investigated. The PID regulations of this process are tested for different SPS tooling dimensions, physical parameters conditions, and areas of temperature control. It is shown that the PID regulation quality strongly depends on the heating time lag between the area of heat generation and the area of the temperature control. Tooling temperature rate maps are studied to reveal potential areas for highly efficient PID control. The convergence of the model and experiment indicates that even with non-optimal initial PID coefficients, it is possiblemore » to reduce the temperature regulation inaccuracy to less than 4 K by positioning the temperature control location in highly responsive areas revealed by the finite-element calculations of the temperature spatial distribution.« less
    Cited by 3
  4. Flash (Ultra-Rapid) Spark-Plasma Sintering of Silicon Carbide

    A new ultra-rapid process of flash spark plasma sintering is developed. The idea of flash spark plasma sintering (or flash hot pressing - FHP) stems from the conducted theoretical analysis of the role of thermal runaway phenomena for material processing by flash sintering. The major purpose of the present study is to theoretically analyze the thermal runaway nature of flash sintering and to experimentally address the challenge of uncontrollable thermal conditions by the stabilization of the flash sintering process through the application of the external pressure. The effectiveness of the developed FHP technique is demonstrated by the few seconds–long consolidationmore » of SiC powder in an industrial spark plasma sintering device. Specially designed sacrificial dies heat the pre-compacted SiC powder specimens to a critical temperature before applying any voltage to the powder volume and allowing the electrode-punches of the SPS device setup to contact the specimens and pass electric current through them under elevated temperatures. The experimental results demonstrate that flash sintering phenomena can be realized using conventional SPS devices. The usage of hybrid heating SPS devices is pointed out as the mainstream direction for the future studies and utilization of the new flash hot pressing (ultra-rapid spark plasma sintering) technique.« less
  5. Spark plasma sintering of structure-tailored ultrahigh-temperature components: First step to complex net shaping

  6. Kinetic Monte Carlo Simulation of Sintering and Sintering Stress.

    Abstract not provided.

    Abstract not provided.
  8. Spark plasma sintering of agglomerated vanadium carbide powder

  9. On Sintering Stress in Complex Powder Compacts.

    Abstract not provided.
  10. Combined macro-meso scale modeling of sintering. Part I: Continuum approach

    An integrated approach, including a continuum theory of sintering and mesostructure evolution analysis, is used for the solution of the problem of bi-layered structure sintering. Two types of bi-layered structures are considered: layers of the same material different by initial porosity, and layers of two different materials. The effective sintering stress and the normalized bulk modulus for the bi-layer powder sintering are derived based on mesoscale simulations. The combined effect of the layers' porosity and differences in sintering rate on shrinkage and warpage is studied for both sintering on a rigid substrate and free sintering.

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