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Bibliographic Data contains: "nuclear magnetic resonance"
  1. Under certain environmental conditions, polyvinyl toluene (PVT) plastic scintillator has been observed to undergo internal fogging. Nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy has been used to elucidate the state of water inside the PVT. The deuterium NMR results show that water absorbed by PVT under warm, humid conditions enters several distinct environments, and when the PVT is transferred from incubation to ambient temperature and humidity the water is lost on a time scale of a few hours from these samples. Most of the deuterium NMR peaks can be assigned to bulk liquid water, but almost 35% of the detected signal intensity ismore » contained in a resonance that resembles spectra of water contained in nanometer-scale pores in mesoporous carbon.« less
  2. This report serves as a follow up to our initial development lot 1 chemical analysis report (LA-UR-16-21970). The purpose of that report was to determine whether or not certain combinations of resin lots and curing agent lots resulted in chemical differences in the final material. One finding of that report suggested that pad P053389 was different from the three other pads analyzed. This report consists of chemical analysis of P053387, P053388, and a reinvestigation of P053389 all of which came from the potentially suspect combination of resin and curing agents lot. The goal of this report is to determine whethermore » the observations relating to P053389 were isolated to that particular pad or systemic to that combination of resin and curing agent lot. The following suite of analyses were performed on the pads: Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC), Thermogravimetric Analysis (TGA), Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FT-IR), and Solid State Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR). The overall conclusions of the study are that pads P053387 and P053388 behave more consistently with the pads of other resin lot and curing agent lot combinations and that the chemical observations made regarding pad P053389 are isolated to that pad and not representative of an issue with that resin lot and curing agent lot combination.« less
  3. Charge order in cuprate superconductors appears to be a universal characteristic, often associated with pseudogap behavior in the normal state. The central question is whether such charge ordering or the pseudogap are required for the existence of high temperature superconductivity and embody its mechanism. An important but phenomenological approach to this question is to examine whether these phenomena extend over various members of the cuprate family. Recent nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) measurements on oxygen chain-ordered single crystals of YBa 2Cu 3O 6+y (Y123) have demonstrated temperature and magnetic field induced charge ordering that was confirmed in x-ray experiments. In themore » present work on high-quality single crystals of the tetragonal compound, HgBa 2CuO 4+δ, we use 17O NMR to investigate the interplay between charge and spin order deduced from the full quadrupolar-split NMR spectrum over a wide range of temperature and magnetic field. We have found evidence for a coherent modulation of charge and spin order in this compound. Furthermore, neither temperature nor magnetic field induced ordering was observed and we infer that this aspect of high temperature superconductivity is not universal.« less
  4. An Agilent 400-MR nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectrometer and ancillary equipment were purchased, which are being used for molecular structure elucidation.  The instrumentation is housed in a pre-existing facility designed specifically for its use. This instrument package is being used to expand the research and educational efforts of the faculty and students at SUNY-Geneseo and is made available to neighboring educational institutions and business concerns.  Funds were also used for training of College personnel, maintenance of the instrumentation, and installation of the equipment.
  5. This report catalogues the results of a project exploring the incorporation of organometallic compounds into thermosetting polymers as a means to reduce their residual stress. Various syntheses of polymerizable ferro cene derivatives were attempted with mixed success. Ultimately, a diamine derivative of ferrocene was used as a curing agen t for a commercial epoxy resin, where it was found to give similar cure kinetics and mechanical properties in comparison to conventional curing agents. T he ferrocen e - based material is uniquely able to relax stress above the glass transition, leading to reduced cure stress. We propose that this behaviormore » arises from the fluxional capacity of ferrocene. In support of this notion, nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy indicates a substantial increase in chain flexibility in the ferrocene - containing network. Although t he utilization of fluxionality is a novel approach to stress management in epoxy thermosets, it is anticipated to have greater impact in radical - cured ther mosets and linear polymers.« less
  6. Microbially induced calcite precipitation (MICP) has been widely researched recently due to its relevance for subsurface engineering applications including sealing leakage pathways and permeability modification. These applications of MICP are inherently difficult to monitor nondestructively in time and space. Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) can characterize the pore size distributions, porosity, and permeability of subsurface formations. This investigation used a low-field NMR well-logging probe to monitor MICP in a sand-filled bioreactor, measuring NMR signal amplitude and T 2 relaxation over an 8 day experimental period. Following inoculation with the ureolytic bacteria, Sporosarcina pasteurii, and pulsed injections of urea and calcium substrate,more » the NMR measured water content in the reactor decreased to 76% of its initial value. T 2 relaxation distributions bifurcated from a single mode centered about approximately 650 ms into a fast decaying population ( T 2 less than 10 ms) and a larger population with T 2 greater than 1000 ms. The combination of changes in pore volume and surface minerology accounts for the changes in the T 2 distributions. Destructive sampling confirmed final porosity was approximately 88% of the original value. Here, these results indicate the low-field NMR well-logging probe is sensitive to the physical and chemical changes caused by MICP in a laboratory bioreactor.« less
  7. Different experimental studies based on nuclear magnetic resonance and inelastic neutron scattering reach opposing conclusions in regards to the origin of magnetic nematicity in iron chalcogenides.
  8. Cyclodextrins (CDs) are investigated for their ability to form inclusion complexes with the analgesic fentanyl and three similar molecules: acetylfentanyl, thiofentanyl, and acetylthiofentanyl. Stoichiometry, binding strength, and complex structure are revealed through nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) techniques and discussed in terms of molecular dynamics (MD) simulations. It was found that β-cyclodextrin is generally capable of forming the strongest complexes with the fentanyl panel. Two-dimensional NMR data and computational chemical calculations are used to derive solution-state structures of the complexes. Binding of the fentanyls to the CDs occurs at the amide phenyl ring, leaving the majority of the molecule solvated bymore » water, an observation common to all four fentanyls. This finding suggests a universal binding behavior, as the vast majority of previously synthesized fentanyl analogues contain this structural moiety. Furthermore, this baseline study serves as the most complete work on CD:fentanyl complexes to date and provides the insights into strategies for producing future generations of designer cyclodextrins capable of stronger and more selective complexation of fentanyl and its analogues.« less
  9. 125Te NMR spectra and spin-lattice relaxation times, T 1, have been measured for several GeTe-based materials with Te excess. In this paper, the spectra show inhomogeneous broadening by several thousand ppm and a systematic variation in T 1 relaxation time with resonance frequency. The quadratic dependence of the spin-lattice relaxation rate, 1/T 1, on the Knight shift in the Korringa relation is found to be valid over a wide range of Knight shifts. This result confirms that T 1 relaxation in GeTe-based materials is mostly dominated by hyperfine interaction between nuclei and free charge carriers. In GeTe with 2.5% excessmore » of Te, about 15% of the material exhibits a Knight shift of ≥4500 ppm and a T 1 of only 0.3 ms, indicating a high hole concentration that could correspond to close to 50% vacancies on the Ge sublattice in this component. Lastly, our findings provide a basis for determining the charge carrier concentration and its distribution in complex thermoelectric and phase-change tellurides, which should lead to a better understanding of electronic and thermal transport properties as well as chemical bonding in these materials.« less
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