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Title: Los Alamos National Laboratory considers the use of biodiesel.

A new EPA-approved alternative fuel, called biodiesel, may soon be used at Los Alamos National Laboratory in everything from diesel trucks to laboratory equipment. Biodiesel transforms vegetable oils into a renewable, cleaner energy source that can be used in any machinery that uses diesel fuel. For the past couple years, the Laboratory has been exploring the possibility of switching over to soybean-based biodiesel. This change could lead to many health and environmental benefits, as well as help reduce the nation's dependence on foreign oil. Biodiesel is a clean, renewable diesel fuel substitute made from soybean and other vegetable oil crops, as well as from recycled cooking oils. A chemical process breaks down the vegetable oil into a usable form. Vegetable oil has a chain of about 18 carbons and ordinary diesel has about 12 or 13 carbons. The process breaks the carbon chains of the vegetable oil and separates out the glycerin (a fatty substance used in creams and soaps). The co-product of glycerin can be used by pharmaceutical and cosmetic companies, as well as many other markets. Once the chains are shortened and the glycerin is removed from the oil, the remaining liquid is similar to petroleum diesel fuel.more » It can be burned in pure form or in a blend of any proportion with petroleum diesel. To be considered an alternative fuel source by the EPA, the blend must be at least 20 percent biodiesel (B20). According to the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), biodiesel is America's fastest growing alternative fuel.« less
Authors:
 [1]
  1. (Marla K.)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
976089
Report Number(s):
LA-UR-02-0973; LA-UR-02-973
TRN: US201009%%535
Resource Type:
Conference
Resource Relation:
Conference: Submitted to: IEEE SAINT 2003 [2003 Symposium on Applications and the Internet]
Research Org:
Los Alamos National Laboratory
Sponsoring Org:
DOE
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
02 PETROLEUM; 33 ADVANCED PROPULSION SYSTEMS; CARBON; CONSUMER PRODUCTS; CROPS; DIESEL FUELS; DRUGS; ENERGY SOURCES; GLYCEROL; INTERNET; LABORATORY EQUIPMENT; MACHINERY; PETROLEUM; SOYBEANS; US EPA; VEGETABLE OILS