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Title: Methanethiol Chemistry on TiO2-Supported Ni Clusters

The thermal decomposition of methanethiol on Ni clusters grown on TiO2(1 1 0) was studied by temperature programmed desorption (TPD), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and low energy ion scattering (LEIS). On all of the Ni surfaces investigated, methane and hydrogen were observed as gaseous products in the TPD experiments, and the only sulfur-containing species that desorbed from the surface was methanethiol itself at low temperatures. The two pathways for methanethiol reaction were hydrodesulfurization to produce methane and nonselective decomposition, which leaves atomic carbon and sulfur on the surface. From high resolution XPS studies, methyl thiolate was identified as the surface intermediate for reaction on TiO2 and on all of the Ni surfaces investigated, similar to what is observed on single-crystal Ni surfaces. However, the binding sites for methyl thiolate on the 1 ML (monolayer) Ni clusters were different from those on the Ni clusters at coverages of 2.5 ML and higher, based on the S(2p) binding energies for methyl thiolate. No distinct changes in activity or selectivity were observed for the smaller Ni clusters grown at low coverage compared to the more film-like Ni surfaces other than what could be accounted for by changes in total surface area. Interactions betweenmore » the Ni clusters and the TiO2 support had two main effects on chemical activity. First, carbon was oxidized by oxygen from the TiO2 lattice to produce CO at temperatures above 800 K. Second, annealing induced encapsulation of the Ni clusters by reduced TiOx and chemisorbed oxygen. At 800 K, the Ni clusters were totally encapsulated, resulting in a complete loss of methanethiol activity; partial encapsulation at 700 K caused a smaller decrease in activity accompanied by increased oxidation of carbon by lattice oxygen.« less
Authors:
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Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
959755
Report Number(s):
BNL--82741-2009-JA
Journal ID: ISSN 0039-6028; SUSCAS; TRN: US201016%%899
DOE Contract Number:
DE-AC02-98CH10886
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Surface Science; Journal Volume: 602
Research Org:
Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) National Synchrotron Light Source
Sponsoring Org:
Doe - Office Of Science
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
03 NATURAL GAS; 08 HYDROGEN; ANNEALING; CARBON; CHEMISTRY; DESORPTION; ENCAPSULATION; HYDROGEN; METHANE; OXIDATION; OXYGEN; PYROLYSIS; RESOLUTION; SCATTERING; SULFUR; SURFACE AREA; THERMODYNAMIC ACTIVITY; X-RAY PHOTOELECTRON SPECTROSCOPY national synchrotron light source